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Portraits of individuals, families, or
groups in Augusta County, Virginia, and Franklin
County, Pennsylvania, during the Civil War era.
- If you have been assigned an individual, write the memoirs
of that person, communicating all that you have learned.
- If you have been assigned a family, draw a family tree and
write an informal family history. It could be in the form of
a family Bible, which would record births, deaths, and
marriages on the day they occurred.
- If you have been assigned a group, write a description of the
group for your local newspaper. What is your function?
What type of people belong?
B. Traditional essay:
What do these individuals, families, or groups, tell you about
nineteenth century families, civic life, military life, etc.?
What do they teach us about the Civil War?
Use this class period to search the Valley of the
Shadow archives, take notes, and write a basic
outline for your paper.
Portrait A: The Albert J. Garber Family of Augusta County
Portrait B: The West Augusta Guard
- Go to the
Augusta County Newspaper Search Page for the Pre-War Years and the War Years
For both pages, select "all years" and type "West Augusta Guard" into the
keyword box. Then click the dates of the articles you want you read,
then use your brower's "find" function to go right to the articles of
- Explore the public records to find out as much as
you can about this group. Search the
Augusta population census manuscripts by the names of the members.
Then, find their family numbers, and search the census by that
information. How old did the members tend to be? Were
they men of property? The sons of men of property? Were they all Virginia
natives? Search the
slave owner census. How
common was slave- ownership by them or their families compared with the
county at large? (About 10 percent of Augusta County