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German-born residents of Augusta County,
Virginia, and Franklin County, Pennsylvania
- Creative Writing
- Write a series of letters from Augusta and/or Franklin German-born
residents (or their children) to relatives in Europe. The
letters can describe their lives in America. These letters
could refer to 1. occupational status, 2. residential
concentration, 3. wealth, 4. urban-rural patterns, 5.
voluntary associations, churches, and schools.
- Traditional Essay
- To what extent did the Germans form distinct communities in
Augusta and Franklin Counties, and to what extent did they integrate with
Use this class period to search the Valley of the
Shadow archives, take notes, and write a basic outline for
After you have shared your findings with the other teams in your
group, edit your outline as you feel necessary.
Search the 1860
Augusta County and Franklin
County census for a list of German-
born residents. OR, since this list will be quite large, you
can narrow your search by asking for German-born
residents with a certain amount of wealth, or with a
particular occupation. Then pick individuals of interest (or
at random) and search the census by those individual's
family number. Did they marry other German-born people?
Where were their children born?
- Find the wealthiest German-born Augusta County residents in the
census. Then look up their names in the
owner census. Did these individuals own slaves?
- Go to the Newspaper Search Page
Type "German," "Germany," or the names of interesting individuals you
have uncovered in your census search in the "keyword" box. Once you have
gotten the results of your initial search, click the date of the
particular newspaper that you want to see and then use the browser's
"find" function to locate the article of interest.