Race and Place Newspapers
Indexed by Newspaper - The Reflector (Charlottesville)
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The Reflector - August 19, 1933 (Wednesday)
Summary: Challenge to black citizens and business owners to support The Reflector and other African American publications and civic
Summary: A call to action demanding that the Negro citizens of Charlottesville form a civic league immediately. The league "would do
much to inculcate unity and power at the polls and in everyday life."
Summary: A response to the Lafayette Theatre's use of the word "darkies" in an advertisement. The author enumerates the African American
community's outrage and explores several different arguments addressing the racial epiteth.
Summary: A scathing response to the murders of Daniel Pippen and Albert Harden by a mob of "savage farmers" who proceeded to lynch
the sixteen year olds while police looked on.
Summary: A short listing of important world and national events including brief commentary on the significance of each.
Summary: A short, light-hearted poem about the transient quality of youthful love.
Page 3The Reflector - August 26, 1933 (Wednesday)
Summary: Various local announcments detailing what members of Charlottesville's black community were doing, from traveling to getting
married, or starting social organizations.
Summary: A short biography of Mrs. Paul Lawrence Dunbar. The article includes her upbringing and education but focuses on her controbutions
to the African American community as a teacher in New York City.
Summary: The editor explains his commitment to being an "organ of
expression" for Charlottesville's African American community.
Summary: Encourages Charlottesville activist to center their attention locally
rather than focus on popular causes in neighboring cities such as Scottsboro.
Summary: Inspiring poem celebrating the simple pleasures of life.
Page 3The Reflector - September 02, 1933 (Wednesday)
Summary: Various local announcements detailing activities of Charlottesville's black community,from political activism, to college
graduation, and musical entertainment.
Summary: Various notes and updates on the social happenings of the black
community in Earlysville, Virginia.
Summary: A call to action that challenges Charlottesville's Negro citizens to
take initiative, behave as leaders, and improve conditions in their own communities.
Summary: A reflective article that attempts to address the question of what
Negro peoples are to be called(i.e. Negroes, Colored, Black).
Summary: Submits that nobility is not a question of birth but one of character.
Summary: A short listing of important world and national events, including
brief commentary on the significance of each; subjects include the repeal of the 18th Amendment and the John Foster kidnapping.
Summary: A poetic tribute to both the good and bad characteristics of
Summary: A bitter-sweet poem about the regret of leaving relationships
Page 3The Reflector - September 16, 1933 (Wednesday)
Summary: Various local announcements detailing activities of Charlottesville's black community, from receiving interesting guests to
membership in art and literary clubs,and celebrating the most "palatable" dinner parties.
Summary: A humorous series of incidents that reveal racy happenings without revealing the names of those involved.
Summary: An article about the New Deal's implications for African
Summary: Asserts that the "one and only problem confronting the American
Negro is to find effective methods of proving to the world that he is a different being than he was years ago," and that the
Negro press has an important role in solving it.
Summary: Assertion that the American justice system does not punish black
on black crime severely enough.
Summary: A narrative about a Charlottesville insurance salesman's strange
trip out of town.
Summary: A reflective poem about the difficulty of life's progressive stages,
from cradle to grave.
Page 3The Reflector - October 21, 1933 (Wednesday)
Summary: Various local announcements detailing activities of Charlottesville's black community, from higher education to visiting out
of town relatives, and local musical events.
Summary: A humorous series of rumors, from clandestine affairs to cheating
at cards, that detail the racy happenings in Charlottesville without revealing the names of those involved.
Summary: Asserts that the N.R.A. is not benefiting Negro workers because
it has led to price increases as well as increased discrimination in the labor market.
Summary: Asserts that the question "Why be patriotic," is usless because
"no other single element so surely guarantees perpetual democracy as does patriotism."
Summary: A comparison between the civic leagues of Charlottesville and
allegorical Typitown, Virginia.
Page 2The Reflector - November 11, 1933 (Wednesday)
Summary: A narrative of a Charlottesville boxer's disillusionment with the
sport continued from the previous week's Reflector.
Summary: A humorous series of incidents that detail all "the latest laughs" without revealing the names of those involved.
Summary: A warning that African American workers should be wary of
setting their future on a "far fetched plan to unite black and white labor."
Summary: Asserts that "The Educational Emergency" is particularly appropriate terminology for Negro schools. Unequal facilities,poor
adult education, and lack of financial support make immediate attention essential.
Summary: An article that uses allegorical Typitown to propose an ideal education system in which teachers and parents communicate in
a way that familiarizes "the parent with school activity, the teacher with home cooperation and the child with parent-teacher
Summary: A brief biography of Mrs. Margaret L. Terry, a distinguished teacher at Jefferson School who devoted "fifty-five years of
service to mankind."
Summary: The editor responds to a letter that asserts that whites have a higher standard of living than blacks by noting that "a man's
standard of living is high or low as conditions or circumstances permit them to be."
Page 4The Reflector - November 18, 1933 (Wednesday)
Summary: A humorous series of incidents detailing the latest gossip about
the black community in Charlottesville.
Summary: Current news of activities at Jefferson School, including the
names of graduating seniors, those students who made the honor role, and updates on fundraising projects.
Page 1The Reflector - December 02, 1933 (Wednesday)
Summary: An article that advocates a "Negro Relief in Charlottesville" to
parallel the one in Richmond, which was funded by the United States Public Works Committee.
Summary: Claims that the ruling by Judge Spratley of the Elizabeth City County Circuit
Court that no party in a state-conducted primary could discriminate on the basis of race, color or previous condition of servitude
"will lauded by ALL lovers of true democracy."
Summary: An article that uses allegorical Typitown to propose an ideal
environment in which youth would prosper.
Page 1The Reflector - December 09, 1933 (Wednesday)
Summary: Asserts that the anti lynching conference in Baltimore, Maryland accomplished very little.
Summary: An article that voices support for the N.R.A.'s move to
encourage employers in service industries such as hotels to pay a
living wage regardless of expected tips and "not place upon the
public the burden of paying workers' salaries."
Summary: An emotional appeal to the people of Charlottesville to help those less fortunate than themselves by getting in contact with
their Community Welfare Organization.
Page 1The Reflector - December 16, 1933 (Wednesday)
Summary: Asserts that the community has a hand in choosing not to foster crime.
Summary: Reminds readers that Christmas is a religious observation not just a marketable holiday.
Summary: Calls for the people of Charlottesville to follow the advice of Dr. Forman, of
the Julius Rosenwald Fund, and "think together and act together" in the creation of an American Civic League.
Summary: A quiz on influential African Americans and other information important to Charlottesville's black community.
Summary: Various local announcements detailing the activities of Charlottesville's black
community, such as family travel plans, members in the community who have been ill, and choir rehersals.
Summary: A charming story about an industrious young girl who saves Christmas for her family.
Page 4The Reflector - December 23, 1933 (Wednesday)
Summary: An allegorical story about Mr.X, who doesn't help his fellow laborers due to fear of competition.
Summary: Commends the Negro attorneys and the impartial judge for their handling of the Crawford murder trial.
Summary: A solemn reflection on the nature and destination of the human soul.
Summary: A quiz on lesser-known Biblical subject matter.
Summary: Various local announcments detailing activities of Charlottesville's black
community, from funeral announcements, to inventive Christmas celebrations, to holiday receptions.
Summary: Various local announcements detailing activities of Charlottesville's black
community, such as visiting relatives in notable cities, going to top-ranked Negro colleges, and getting married.
Page 03,04The Reflector - January 06, 1934 (Wednesday)
Summary: A short play about a young girl who learns the meaning of the Christmas Spirit through sharing.
Summary: A scathing review of Julia Peterkin's illustrated poetry book on Negroes in the deep south.
Summary: A story about an allegorical Mr. Pompey who is struggling with the results of the Depression and the size of his shrinking
Summary: A poetic declaration of what "a man's ideal" should be in his day to day dealings.
Summary: A brief letter of recognition and praise from a college student upon his return to Charlottesville.
Summary: A quiz on general historical, social, and political knowledge.
Page 3The Reflector - January 13, 1934 (Wednesday)
Summary: Various local announcements detailing activities of Charlottesville's black community, from accomplishments on the job, to
notable travel plans, and inventive New Years celebrations.
Summary: An article about "the ancient trick" of accusing black men of the rape of white women without probable cause.
Summary: A terse condemnation of Professor Franklin Frazier and a speech he delivered at Fisk University.
Summary: A quiz that test the knowlege of Charlottesvillians on political, social, and
Summary: A somber poem about a lynching at dusk.
Page 4The Reflector - January 27, 1934 (Wednesday)
Summary: A brief and tender love poem about the beauty and refreshing seclusion of nighttime.
Summary: An allegorical story about a land where all the people are blind and thereby unable to conduct their affairs to their advantage.
Summary: Asserts the uplifting sentiment that "when you've strained your heart and body, and even then you've not made good, it is
well to look within you and say, 'I've done the best I could.'"
Summary: A quiz that tests the knowledge of Charlottesvillians on political, social, and historical trivia.
Summary: Various local announcements detailing the activities of Charlottesvillians, such as starting bridge clubs, planning musical
events, and holding birthday parties.
Summary: A brief poem about lost opportunity.
Page 04The Reflector - February 17, 1934 (Wednesday)
Summary: Current news of activities at Jefferson School, including noted guest speakers, the dates of scheduled exams, and updates
on appreciation month activities.
Summary: An article about the potential resurrection of the Washington Park Recreational Center. This proposed Negro recreational center
was stuck in the City Council appropriations process for five years.
Summary: Asserts that the high rate of black on black crime is due to the prejudicially
lenient consequences of the judicial system.
Summary: A quiz on African and early African American history.
Summary: Various local announcements detailing the activities of Charlottesvillians,
including the meeting time of the "Smarter Set," the health status of several Charlottesvillians, and notable travel plans.
Summary: A glimpse into the activities of Charlotteville's black churches, including Mt.
Zion, First Baptist, and Ebenezer Baptist Church.
Page 4The Reflector - February 24, 1934 (Tuesday)
Summary: Current news of activities at Jefferson School specifically focusing on plans
for a June graduation.
Summary: Asserts that what Negro leaders need is a handbook "with a preface pleading for unity of purpose" and encouraging them to
put their "self styled prophecy" aside.
Summary: [No Summary Available]
Summary: An update on the latest activities of Jefferson School, including entertainment and educational programs.
Summary: Various local announcements detailing the activities of Charlottesvillians, such
as the meeting of "The Royal Dukes and Duchess Social and Dramatic Club," and other entertaining gatherings.
Summary: A glimpse into the social and educational activities of Charlottesville's
Page 4The Reflector - March 24, 1934 (Tuesday)
Summary: A complimentary letter from a reader of "The Reflector."
Summary: A scathing article that implies that the Norhtern preoccupation with integration is misinformed. The author asserts that most
things that are "mixed" are not especially beneficial for Afican American professionals because it means they must compete
against unfairly advantaged competitors.
Summary: A detailed quiz on Negro history prior to emancipation.
Summary: Various notes on the activities of Charlottesville's black population, including travel plans, wedding announcements, and
Page 3The Reflector - April 07, 1934 (Tuesday)
Summary: Various local announcements detailing the activities of black Charlottesvillians, such as visiting relatives in notable cities,
graduation announcements, and special church functions.
Summary: Encourages Charlottesville's black community to develop Washington Park. The author laments the fact that the tract of land
is in much the same condition as it was upon its donation in 1928.
Summary: Condems "Bishop Grace" and other confidence men who use religion to swindle "salvation seeking people" and states that such
men "should be dealt with harshly by the law and ostracized by the people."
Summary: A poem about the beauty of Spring's arrival.
Summary: A list of twelve important facts about Charlottesville black's home ownership, business ownership, and other cultural statistics.
Summary: A letter to the editor commending "The Reflector" for its format which focuses on political and social issues as opposed to
Page 04The Reflector - April 14, 1934 (Tuesday)
Summary: A short description of Charlottesville on a March evening, rendered in lyrical prose.
Summary: Defends the "modern age" as a time of black intellectual and cultural advancement lead by the younger generation.
Summary: Criticizes the hypocracy of a certain out of town Negro publication for reporting "sesationalized scandal" while simultaneously
preaching "progress and pride."
Page 02The Reflector - April 21, 1934 (Tuesday)
Summary: Jefferson School's honor roll for the month of March, 1934.
Summary: The author asserts that Negro faith has decreased "not in God but in a weak insincere clergy" who have urged blacks to be
content with the old saying "take the world but give me Jesus."
Summary: An article urging the development of Washington Park and lamenting that the City Council of Charlottesville had ignored the
area despite six years of ownership and several chances for development
Summary: An update on the latest activities of Jefferson School, focusing on a school wide project called "A Century of Progress."
Summary: A commendation for The Delux Glee Club for presenting Negro Folk Music and "preserving all of [its] original sincerity of
Summary: An article commending Dr. J.A. Jackson for his interest in, and action for the Black youth of Charlottesville, and a call
for other people in the community to support the youth in a similar way.
Summary: An advertisement for the Jefferson Theater.
Page 05The Reflector - April 28, 1934 (Tuesday)
Summary: A copy of the program given by the local Boy Scouts of America at Charlottesville's Ebenezer Baptist Church in April, 1934.
Summary: One of several didactic stories about the allegorical Typitown, encouraging Charlottesville blacks to vote.
Summary: A short poem, contributed by a seventh grader at Jefferson School, about a fictional joy ride.
Page 04The Reflector - May 19, 1934 (Tuesday)
Summary: A detailed account of an informal dinner held on Grady Avenue to welcome Pride of Virginia Lodge's new members Randolph White,
Marshall Hawkins, and William Clark.
Summary: An account and favorable review of Jefferson School's Senior class play, "No Account David."
Summary: A short listing of the Boy Scouts who participated in a Mother's Day program held at First Baptist Church on May 13, 1934.
Page 05The Reflector - May 26, 1934 (Tuesday)
Summary: Various Local announcements detailing what members of Charlottesville's black community were doing, from attending birthday
parties, to patronizing local bands or going to funerals.
Summary: An article condeming a University of Virginia Professor for barring a black political activist from speaking at U.Va.
Summary: A word of praise concernihng the founding of Dillard University, a black institution of higher learning in New Orleans, that
began educating students in 1935.
Summary: An article that sharply criticizes Roosevelt's "New Deal."
Summary: A letter to the editor seleted as the winner of the "Most Appealing Ad" contest.
Page 04The Reflector - June 02, 1934 (Tuesday)
Summary: An eloquent prayer for Black Americans authored by Rebecca J. Hailstalk.
Summary: A report on an orderly student strike held at Virginia State, characterizing it as a constructive lesson in responsible and
Summary: An article reporting plans by members of the New Deal administration to improve black American education.
Summary: An article that points out the selective memory of "historians and war photographers" who do not include information about
black soldiers in their accounts of World War I.
Summary: A letter to the editor written by the winner of the weekly Most Appealing Ad contest, Ms. Janet Brown.
Summary: An advertisment for a musical event featuring Mr. Frank Roane at Mt. Zion Baptist Church on June 4th, 1934.
Summary: A short conciet concerning the destination of the soul.
Page 05The Reflector - June 09, 1934 (Tuesday)
Summary: A different take on the normally humerous gossip column as the author pauses to celebrate the beauty of Spring.
Summary: An article that points out the disturbing leniancy Southern courts show to Negro criminals who's crimes are perpetrated against
Summary: An advertisment for a benefit concert to help John Stratton, a Charlottesville resident who became suddenly ill and was confined
to his bed, unable to work and support his family.
Summary: An update on recent activities at Jefferson School focusing on the "Class Night" award ceremony honoring accomplished students.
Page 04The Reflector - June 23, 1934 (Tuesday)
Summary: A letter to the editor that details the authors perception that there was a rise in crimes commited without apparent motive
and begs the question "whither are we headed."
Summary: A poem about the ability to define one's own character and goals.
Summary: Lyrical prose that celebrate the season which is the "culmination...of God's goodness to man."
Summary: An article that commends the "first step" of creating a permanent Negro library in Charlottesville, but notes that the second
step should include the mobilization of Charlottesville's black citizens to demand that "a shelf of black literature" be included.
Summary: The auhtor details the problem of adult illiteracy in Charlottesville and proposes that night school classes be offered for
these "intellectually meager" persons in need of help.
Summary: A skillfully rendered slice of Charlottesvillian life that asks the question "where is the goal?"
Page 06The Reflector - June 30, 1934 (Tuesday)
Summary: A letter to the editor asking him to rethink his characterization of Communism "as a type of political disease." The author
goes on to submit that Communism is "a plan for the Negro's betterment socially, politically and economically."
Summary: An article that defines citizenship as "one owing allegiance to, and entitled to protection from a government." The author
proposes that an important part of this allegiance is a responsibiltity to vote.
Summary: An article highlighting the apathy of Congress in regards to the anti-lynching Costigan -Wagner Bill.
Page 04The Reflector - July 21, 1934 (Tuesday)
Summary: Editor Thomas Sellers' scathing reply to an Open Forum letter printed in the June, 23 issue of "The Reflector."
Summary: An article which dubs the 73rd congress "The Congress of Errors" for its failure to address the issues of America's 17th ranked
army, its failure to include Puerto Rico as a part of the United States, and its lack of consideration for the anti-lynching
Summary: An article in praise of the "Government Home Owners Loan Corporation" for making home ownership possible for "any thrifty
and ambitious citizen."
Summary: The third in a series of articles subtitled "A Brief History of Our People and Our Town for Your Scrapbook." This one focuses
on the author's perception that Charlottesville blacks have no follow
through on Civic issues.
Summary: A letter to the editor from a Charlottesville Laborer who wishes to boycott a grocery store for firing a black man who had
worked there 15 years.
Page 04The Reflector - September 07, 1935 (Saturday)
Summary: A short narrative about the begining days of the Depression focusing on the farmers of Zuni, Windsor, and Waverly, Virginia
as well as the unemployed laborers of Norfolk, Virginia.
Summary: A contribution by John Edwards of Woodridge, Virginia.
Summary: [No Summary Available]