Race and Place Newspapers
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Richmond Planet - March 08, 1890 (Wednesday)
Page 1Richmond Planet - March 15, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: A revival at the First Baptist Church in Charlottesville drew pastors from Philadelphia and Cincinnati and included members from both white and black churches.
Page 4Richmond Planet - March 22, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Charlottesville society notes including recent sermons, performances, weddings and deaths.
Page 4Richmond Planet - March 29, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: [No Summary Available]
Page 1Richmond Planet - April 05, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports the attempted lynching of William Musco who was convicted for the murder of a white policeman.
Page 3Richmond Planet - April 12, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on the society happenings in Charlottesville including, news of a fire which destroyed the residence of William HearnsSummary: Reports on recent church activities in Charlottesville.
Page 4Richmond Planet - May 03, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: A detailed description of the Easter services held at Zion Baptist church and 1st Baptist church.
Page 3Richmond Planet - May 17, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Details the controversial decision of Reverend A. Scott not to resign as the pastor of First Baptist church.
Page 4Richmond Planet - May 24, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports the acquisition of land in Charlottesville by the Piedmont Industrial and Land Improvement Co. which was the "only land improving co. organized by colored men."
Page 4Richmond Planet - May 31, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports "Marriage,Death Churches and Entertainment" in including, the status of the relationship between the two black churches in Charlottesville.
Page 4Richmond Planet - June 14, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: A review of the May pole celebration as well as commentary on the local elections which were held on May 22nd.
Page 1Richmond Planet - June 21, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on the success of the black land improvement company and encourages readers to support the businessmen from Piedmont, Virginia.
Page 4Richmond Planet - June 28, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on various society notes from Charlottesville featuring the fund raising efforts of First Baptist church.
Page 4Richmond Planet - July 12, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on various happenings in Charlottesville, including the success of the annual Albemarle Sunday School Association meeting.
Page 2Richmond Planet - July 19, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on the start of the general mail delivery system and comments that there are no colored letter carriers.
Page 4Richmond Planet - August 02, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Gives an update on The Piedmont Industrial Loan and Improvement Company and encourages Charlottesville residents to invest in the colored firm.
Page 2Richmond Planet - August 16, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Includes an update on the progress of The Piedmont Loan and Land Improvement Company.
Page 3Richmond Planet - August 30, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Report on the National Baptist Sunday School Convention which took place in Charlottesville on July 26th.
Page 2Richmond Planet - September 06, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on the intention of two Negro businessmen to expand their grocery store.
Page 4Richmond Planet - September 13, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on the brutality of Policeman Saunders who beat a colored woman over the head with his billet and went unpunished.
Page 4Richmond Planet - September 20, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on a festival held at First Baptist church and includes general updates on Charlottesville's Negro community.
Page 3Richmond Planet - October 11, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on the status of Muscoe's case and encourages the colored people of Charlottesville to stand by the accused man.
Page 4Richmond Planet - November 22, 1890 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on the a talk given at First Baptist church by musician and teacher W.H. Brooks of Richmond.
Page 4Richmond Planet - January 10, 1891 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on various newsworthy notes from Charlottesville including the visit of a noteworthy elocutionist to First Baptist church and a fire with casualties that broke out at U.Va.
Page 1Summary: Reports on a successful fundraiser held at First Baptist church.
Page 3Richmond Planet - January 17, 1891 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on the good attendance at the "snow house" where gifts and awards were given to outstanding members of the First Baptist church congregation.
Page 4Richmond Planet - May 02, 1891 (Wednesday)Summary: A letter from the pastor of Mount Zion Baptist Church reminding the Richmond Planet that there are two colored churches in Charlottesville and both should be covered in the news with equal attention.
Page 1Richmond Planet - May 09, 1891 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on the best travel arrangements that can be obtained for those persons attending the Virginia Baptists state convention in Charlottesville.
Page 1Richmond Planet - May 16, 1891 (Wednesday)Summary: A further update on the availability of transportation to the Virginia Baptist State Convention.
Page 1Summary: Picture and caption of James H. Ferguson, a Charlottesville Banker
Page 4Richmond Planet - May 23, 1891 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on the appointments made at the 24th annual session of the Virginia Baptist State Convention held in Charlottesville.
Page 1Richmond Planet - May 30, 1891 (Wednesday)Summary: A detailed account of the controversial admittance of Tabernacle Baptist Church located in Princess Anne county to the Virginia Baptist State convention.
Page 4Richmond Planet - June 13, 1891 (Wednesday)Summary: A letter announcing that First Baptist Church severed all ties with its former minister Robert Alonzo Scott.
Page 3Richmond Planet - July 25, 1891 (Wednesday)Summary: An advertisement for, Anna E. Noriss, a black elocutionist residing in Charlottesville.
Page 4Richmond Planet - November 07, 1891 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on a successful concert given at Mount Zion Baptist Church.
Page 4Richmond Planet - November 28, 1891 (Wednesday)Summary: A letter reporting on the success of the first Afro-American County Fair held in Charlottesville.
Page 2Richmond Planet - December 05, 1891 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on the social and economic state of Charlottesville's colored residents.
Page 4Richmond Planet - December 12, 1891 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on general society notes concerning Charlottesville's colored citizens.
Page 3Richmond Planet - December 19, 1891 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on the progress of the P.I. and L.I. Co. and gives a brief history of First Colored Baptist Church.
Page 4Richmond Planet - December 29, 1891 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on general society notes of Charlottesville's colored citizenry.
PageRichmond Planet - February 06, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports general society note of Charlottesville's colored citizens.
Page 3Richmond Planet - February 13, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: General society notes from Charlottesville.
Page 3Richmond Planet - February 20, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on an altercation that took place at Mount Zion Baptist church in Charlottesville.
Page 3Richmond Planet - March 05, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on strange weather in Charlottesville as well as renovations to Mount Zion Baptist church in Charlottesville.Summary: Reports on happenings in Charlottesville's colored community.
Page 1Summary: Gives a detailed report of the financial standing of Piedmont Industrial Land and Improvement Company, including properties it has acquired and expected returns for shareholders.
Page 3Richmond Planet - March 12, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on the Baptist churches negative opinion of "theatre-going" and details general society notes of Charlottesville's colored community.
PageRichmond Planet - March 26, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: A detailed report of a successful fundraiser held at First Baptist church in Charlottesville.
Page 3Richmond Planet - April 02, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on the special leap year activities planned by Charlottesville's colored community.
Page 4Richmond Planet - April 16, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: A detailed account of the progress of Piedmont Industrial, Land and Improvement Co.
Page 4Richmond Planet - April 23, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports that Mount Zion Baptist church obtained a new pastor.
Page 4Richmond Planet - May 07, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: A detailed account of Eastern Sunday celebrations held at First Baptist church and other society notes of interest to Charlottesville's colored community.
Page 3Richmond Planet - May 21, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on the celebration of unity between Charlottesville's two black churches: First Baptist and Mt. Zion Baptist.
Page 4Richmond Planet - May 28, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: General society notes of interest about Charlottesville's colored community.
Page 3Richmond Planet - June 11, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on the success of the World's Fair held at First Baptist church and further praises the new unity between First Baptist and Mt. Zion Baptist churches.
Page 1Richmond Planet - July 02, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: A short letter expressing support for the Junior editor of the Richmond Planet.
Page 3Richmond Planet - July 09, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: A detailed account of the closing exercises at Jefferson graded school in Charlottesville.
Page 4Richmond Planet - July 16, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: A detailed account of the resolution of conflict between Ebenezer and Mt. Zion Baptist churches.
Page 1Richmond Planet - July 23, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: General society notes of interest to Charlottesville's colored citizens.
Page 4Richmond Planet - July 30, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: General Society notes detailing the activities of Charlottesville's colored citizens.
Page 4Richmond Planet - August 06, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on general society notes of Charlottesville's colored citizens.
Page 3Richmond Planet - August 13, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports general society notes of interest to Charlottesville's colored citizens.
Page 3Richmond Planet - August 20, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports on "the camp meeting" which was held in Charlottesville and drew large crowds.
Page 4Richmond Planet - September 03, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: A detailed report on the success of the Garden Social given by one of Charlottesville's leading colored citizens.
Page 4Richmond Planet - September 10, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: General society notes of interest to Charlottesville's colored citizens.
Page 2Richmond Planet - October 01, 1892 (Wednesday)Summary: General society notes involving Charlottesville's colored citizens.
Page 1Richmond Planet - November 26, 1892 (Saturday)Summary: General society notes concerning Charlottesville's colored residents.
Page 1Summary: Baptism at Mt. Zion, church gossip
Page 2Richmond Planet - December 10, 1892 (Saturday)Summary: Community gossip
Page 1Summary: Searching for relatives sold away, pre-Emancipation, from Orange Co.
Page 2Summary: Community gossip
Page 3Richmond Planet - December 17, 1892 (Saturday)Summary: Community gossip
Page 3Richmond Planet - January 07, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: Community Gossip
Page 4Richmond Planet - January 14, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: Cantata at Mt. Zion Baptist Church
Page 1Richmond Planet - January 21, 1893 (Wednesday)Summary: Community Gossip
Page 1Richmond Planet - February 04, 1893 (Wednesday)Summary: [No Summary Available]
Page 4Richmond Planet - February 11, 1893 (Wednesday)Summary: Community Lodge news
Page 1Richmond Planet - February 25, 1893 (Wednesday)Summary: Community group events; community gossip
Page 1Richmond Planet - March 04, 1893 (Wednesday)Summary: Community entertainments; community gossip; death announcements
Page 4Richmond Planet - March 11, 1893 (Wednesday)Summary: Community gossip
Page 4Richmond Planet - March 18, 1893 (Wednesday)Summary: Death and illness announcements
Page 03Richmond Planet - April 01, 1893 (Wednesday)Summary: [No Summary Available]
Page 3Richmond Planet - April 08, 1893 (Wednesday)Summary: Community gossip
Page 4Richmond Planet - April 22, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: Church news; community gossip
Page 01Summary: The article provides general information concerning the anniversary exercises of the Richmond Theological Seminary. The Baccalaureate address is to be held at the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Charlottesville on April 23 and other planned events will take place on April 26 and 27 in the surrounding areas.Summary: This article refutes the notion that the Richmond morning dailies can be advocates of emigration. In the process of refuting this claim, the article portrays several Southern governors pictured in the Dispatch in a negative light.Summary: The article discusses the dispute between the Ebenezer Baptist Church and the Mt. Zion Church concerning a misappropriation of funds by the former. The article indicates that the Ebenezer Baptist Church was exonerated of this charge by a formal committee consisting of members of the church board
Page 03Richmond Planet - April 29, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: The article provides a summation of the general events occurring in Charlottesville during the past week. Items of interest were a lively debate between John Suesbury and A.F. Angel concerning gender traits, a concert at the First Baptist Church, the baptism of two members at the Ebenezer Baptist Church, and the death of Mr. Dabney W. Minor.
Page 03Richmond Planet - May 06, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: The article provides a report for the Zion Baptist Church from April 4, 1892 to April 9, 1893. Included in this report are annual figures such as sermons preached, marriages celebrated, and number of additions to the church. The article also provides information about the cash receipts and disbursements of the church during this period.
Page 01Summary: This article is a formal statement from Robert Kelsor indicating that he will not accept nomination for Grand Chief of the Samaritans Order of Virginia. Kelsor declines nomination after having served as Grand Chief for the previous five years.Summary: This article reviews the activities that occurred during the grand opening of the Piedmont Park in Charlottesville. For this occasion, the park, open to both whites and blacks, hosted a baseball game between the Virginia Slides of Lynchburg and the Phalanx of Charlottesville, with the latter winning 4-3.
Page 04Richmond Planet - May 13, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: The article provides highlights of the marriage ceremony for Rev. R.B. Hardy and Miss Fellisco Payne. The article indicates that several prominent church and social figures attended the ceremony and also goes into considerable depth in discussing the bridal arrangements.Summary: This article relays the case of Susan Mitchell, an inebriated and destitute woman who was found lying on the floor of the Union Depot. What amused the author of this article was the fact that authorities could not determine whether Mitchell was white or black.
Page 01Summary: The article provides a biographical sketch of Bernard Tyrrell (of Charlottesville), who taught the ancient and modern languages at Storer College. Recently, however, Tyrrell resigned from his position as an educator to pursue a degree in the Yale Divinity School.
Page 03Summary: The article reviews current events in Charlottesville. The primary point of interest in the city was Nannie L. Brown's exhibition at her school house. Also of interest was a wind and hail storm that blew a stable down near Miss Brown and Mr. A.F. Angel, both members of the Charlottesville community.
Page 04Richmond Planet - June 10, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This is an advertisement for the Piedmont Park in Charlottesville announcing that the park is open for excursions and sporting events.
Page 01Richmond Planet - June 17, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This article provides an update on current events within the Charlottesville community. Of particular interest this week was a baseball game between the Charlottesville Phalanx and a team from Lexington held at Piedmont Park. The Phalanx emerged victorious by a score of 11 to 0.
Page 03Richmond Planet - June 24, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This article reviews several events occurring in Charlottesville during the past week. Perhaps the most interesting news item was Miss Nannie L. Brown's narrow escape from being killed by a passing train. At the moment before impact, Mr. Lewis pulled Miss Brown out of the path of the oncoming train, saving her life. There was also a brief note concerning the funeral procession for Mrs. Susan Winn.
Page 01Summary: This section provides information about the travels of members of the local communities. The section mentions that Robert Kelser traveled through Richmond enroute to Charlottesville. Kelser had been attending a conference at the Grand Lodge No.6Summary: This article discusses current events in Norfolk. Rev. Dr. Wood of Africa gave a lecture on the resources of Africa on Tuesday and, on Thursday, the Norfolk Division of the U.O. of True Reformers held a public meeting in the Zion A.M.E. Church Tabernacle. The article also reports that Miss Jane C. Carey of Charlottesville was visiting the city.
Page 04Richmond Planet - July 01, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This is an advertisement for an excursion from Richmond to Charlottesville sponsored by the Working Sons of Hope.
Page 01Summary: This section provides information about the travels of members of local communities. The section mentions that J.C. Cary and Rev. A. Truatt of Charlottesville had visited Richmond.
Page 03Richmond Planet - July 08, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This article reviews the current events of Charlottesville. During the past week, Charlottesville played host to several marriages, including that of Prof. James Coleman and Miss H.A. Miller. The article pays tribute to R.F. Browne who passed away after struggling with poor health for over a year.
Page 01Summary: This is a letter from Rev. L. Baxter Goodall to the editor of the Richmond Planet. In the letter, Rev. Goodall expresses his appreciation for the gifts he received from his congregation for his annual vacation. Included in the gifts were a fine suit of clothes and a purse of fifty dollars for a trip to the World's Fair.Summary: This article provides an update on current events in Church Hill. The first half of the article discusses the travels of members of the Church Hill community, including Miss Rosa B. Jackson's visit to her cousin, Mrs. Felisco W. Payne Hardy in Charlottesville. The second half of the article provides commentary on the professional boxing between African American males that occurred on July 4. The commentary admonishes these young males for engaging in this barbaric act, especially on Independence Day.Summary: This article announces the winners of a contest sponsored by the Richmond Planet. The Planet offered prizes for those individuals securing the highest number of votes. Eugene Bland of Charlottesville earned 4th place in the contest with 746 votes. Mrs. Addie Barber, also of Charlottesville, was also mentioned in the article, having secured 38 votes.
Page 04Richmond Planet - July 15, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: [No Summary Available]
Page 01Summary: This section provides information about the travels of local community members. This week Mrs. J. Francis Robinson returned from her trip to Charlottesville.Summary: This article highlights the July 4th events in Charlottesville. The Sunday School held a picnic and a baseball game was played between the Mother Husbands and the Phalanx, both of Charlottesville.
Page 03Richmond Planet - July 22, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This is an advertisement for train rides to the World's Fair offered by the C. & O. Ry station. The round trip fair from Charlottesville is $22.70.
Page 01Summary: This section provides information about the travels of local community members. This week Miss Nannie J. Cary of Charlottesville is visiting her cousin, Miss Kate C. Watkins, in Richmond.Summary: This article discusses weekly events in Charlottesville. The article is primarily concerned with detailing who is has left the city and who has returned to the city. Several members of the Charlottesville community recently left to visit Capon Springs and other summer vacation locations.
Page 02Richmond Planet - July 29, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This article provides an interesting commentary about the capitalization of the letter, N, in the word "Negro". A formal discussion of this topic was held by the Negro Press Association of Virginia, which subsequently concluded that the "N" in Negro should be capitalized in the press. The article also chastises the white State Press Association for its criticism of this discussion, the Negro Press Association, and the Negro race in general. In an effort to refute this criticism, the article presents numerous examples of black advancement and industry in Charlottesville. The article further challenges the chief editor of the Press Association to explore the progress blacks have made in the city of Charlottesville.
Page 01Summary: This section of the paper provides an update on the travel plans of local community members. This week, Mr. Samuel Meadows of Charlottesville is visiting Mr. John L. Mines in Richmond.Summary: This is an advertisement for reduced train rates to the Sabbath School Convention to be held in Charlottesville on Thursday, August, 24, 1893.
Page 02Richmond Planet - August 05, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This is an interesting article that addresses the immorality of lynch law, which was a common practice in the Southern states. This article introduces into the discussion, an editorial that was published in the Va. Chronicle, which pointed out the barbarous and arbitrary nature of lynch law. The author of the Planet article commends the Chronicle editorial in acknowledging the inherent duplicity of lynch law and asserting that the practice should be ended.
Page 01Summary: This section of the paper provides an update on the travel plans of local community members. This week, Mr. P.T. Coghill of Manchester returned from his visit to Charlottesville.
Page 02Summary: This article provides a synopsis of two articles from external newspapers that discuss the barbarity of lynch law. Each of the external articles points out the injustice and inhumanity of lynching, as well as other attributes of the practice that make it unacceptable in a civilized society. The Planet author uses these articles to indicate that the general sentiment towards the practice of lynching is changing, and that the South is slowly coming to the realization that lynch law should be abolished.
Page 03Richmond Planet - August 19, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This article provides a general synopsis of the events occurring in the Charlottesville community over the past week. Of particular interest was the laying of the cornerstone at the Ebenezer Baptist Church and the business meeting of the C.G.U.L. Club. On a sadder note, a young man was recently killed in a train accident near Charlottesville, as he had fallen asleep on the train tracks. Although the accident was not discovered until hours later, the remains of the young man were gathered and buried.
Page 01Summary: This section of the paper provides an update on the travel plans of local community members. This week, Messrs. Jos. Baylor and R.J. Carter passed through Richmond en route to Charlottesville.Summary: This is an advertisement for train rates to attend the Virginia Baptist State Sabbath School Convention in Charlottesville. The convention is scheduled to take place on Aug. 24, 1893.
Page 03Richmond Planet - August 26, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This article provides a general synopsis of current events in Charlottesville. Or particular interest this week was a quarrel between two brothers, Eli and William Johnson, that ended in the death of the former. Following this violent act, William Johnson fled to the nearby woods, where he remained at-large.
Page 01Richmond Planet - September 02, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This section of the paper provides an update on the travel plans of local community members. This week, Miss Kate Dandrige is visiting her relatives in Charlottesville.Summary: This article provides a general synopsis of current events in Charlottesville. Of particular interest this week was the regular camp meeting of the A.M.E. Church, the scheduled meeting of the Va. Baptist Sunday School Convention in Charlottesville, and the laying of the cornerstone of the Ebenezer Baptist Church.
Page 01Summary: This article provides a general synopsis of current events in Staunton, Va. Over the past week, the Staunton community received an excursion party from Richmond, participated in elections for the Roan Oak Conference of African Americans, and was making preparations for the upcoming school year. The article also highlights several other items of interest. For example, the Virginia Seminary Star Concert Company gave a performance and the Mt. Calvary Baptist Church just received a new edifice.
Page 04Richmond Planet - September 09, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This article describes weekly events in the Charlottesville community. During the course of the past week, the Virginia Baptist State Convention held its annual session at the Mt. Zion Baptist CHurch in Charlottesville. The session was attended by a large delegation, representing communities throughout the state of Virginia. The article also provides updates on the health of individual members of the Charlottesville community. For example, Miss Eliza Gilmer is steadily improving from a long illness and Mr. Spott Lee should soon recover from the sickness that caused his return from Washington.
Page 01Richmond Planet - September 16, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: [No Summary Available]Summary: This article provides a general synopsis of current events in Charlottesville. Of special interest was a grand musical concert given by the Virginia Seminary Star Concert Company and hosted by the First Baptist Church. The concert was a grand display of local talent and drew a diverse audience. The article also provides updates on the health and travel plans of Charlottesville community members. For example, this week Miss Ida Rowser left for Washington, D.C. and Miss Mary E. Clayton returned from the Springs.Summary: This article provides a general synopsis of current events in Church Hill, Va. Unfortunately, the past week was a somber one as the Church Hill community lost two of its cherished members, Mr. Jesse J. Hood and Mrs. Mary Lue Scott.
Page 01Summary: [No Summary Available]Summary: This article provides a general synopsis of current events in Charlottesville. Of special interest was a grand social given at the residence of Mrs. Jessie Farrar. The event was held in honor of the visitors to Charlottesville, and many members of the Charlottesville community were also in attendance. The article also provides travel updates for members of the community. For instance, Miss M.E. Fry departed Charlottesville for Gordonsville and Mr. Eugene Dickerson returned to the city after a stay in Chicago.
Page 03Richmond Planet - September 23, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This is a message from the Evergreen Baptist Society. The message describes the society as an organization devoted to disseminating the gospel to the unenlightened. The Society recently held a stirring missionary sermon that aroused many in the delegation.
Page 03Summary: This article provides a general synopsis of current events in Charlottesville. During the past week, the Mt. Zion Baptist Church held a concert that was deemed a grand success and the community was continuing preparations for an excursion to Washington, D.C. In addition, the article highlights the itineraries of various individuals in Charlottesville and the surrounding cities. For example, this week, James Bullock is visiting Charlottesville and Miss Rosa Jackson has left the city for a short trip to Richmond.
Page 04Richmond Planet - September 30, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: The Personals and Briefs section provides information about the travel plans of local community members. This week, Kate Dandridge returned to Richmond after visiting her relatives in Charlottesville.
Page 01Richmond Planet - October 21, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: The Personals and Briefs section provides information about the travel plans of local community members. This week, Mr. Edward Johnson has returned to Charlottesville from visiting relatives in Richmond.
Page 01Richmond Planet - October 28, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This article describes the extravagant marriage ceremony of Rev. J.H. Turner and Miss Bettie G. Johnson. The wedding was held in Gordonsville, with two Charlottesville pastors presiding over the ceremonies. A diverse audience was in attendance on this joyous occasion and during the reception party held afterwards. The bride and groom were pleased to receive a large assortment of tasteful and expensive gifts and expressed their appreciation to each of their friends. The newlyweds returned home to Bowling Green, Va., where they will begin their new life together.Summary: This is an advertisement from the C. & O. Railroad Company that announces a special price for round trip fares to Chicago from select locations. The offer is only available for a short period.
Page 01Richmond Planet - November 11, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This article provides a general synopsis of current events in Charlottesville. Of primary interest the past week was the union of Miss Nannie L. Brown and Mr. Adison F. Angel. The grand marriage ceremony, held in Charlottesville, hosted a large audience and was marked by extravagance and grandeur. The article describes the brides' wedding gown as a "handsome Brown traveling suit which was peculiarly becoming to her style of beauty" and continues by expressing the popularity of both parties to the marriage. Following the wedding, the couple departed for a stay in Richmond.
Page 01Summary: The Personals and Briefs section provides information about the travel plans of local community members. This week, Mr. and Mrs. A.F. Angel of Charlottesville are visiting Richmond.Summary: This article provides an update of the current proceedings of the Richmond Chapter of the YMCA. During the last week, the Richmond Chapter celebrated its fifth anniversary at the Second Baptist Church with a program filled with prayer, song, and speech. Several guest speakers attended the event and provided the young members of the YMCA with words of encouragement and praise. The article also announces the Richmond Chapter's upcoming events including a week devoted to prayer.
Page 04Richmond Planet - November 18, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This is an amusing little article about a visit the Rev. and Mrs. Hardy received one night from some young children. The children, bearing gifts, surprised the Hardys with song and dance immediately upon entering their home. It seems that these young children has desired to express their love of the Reverend and wife, and so decided to surprise them. The merry occasion lasted until the children were satisfied, at which time, they retired to their homes.
Page 04Richmond Planet - November 25, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This article provides a general synopsis of current events in Charlottesville. During the past week, the city was making preparations for the upcoming holiday season. As is normal for this time of year, many marriages have been planned and couples are making the final preparations for the ceremonies. Also of interest was the birth of Lauretter Barns Goodall, the daughter of the Reverend and Mrs. Goodall. Reverend Goodall also participated in the Beulah Club's celebration of its first anniversary. The celebration left everyone in attendance in high spirits.
Page 01Richmond Planet - December 09, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: The Personals and Briefs section provides information about the travels of local community members. This week, William Parago (Charlottesville) is in Danville teaching music.
Page 03Richmond Planet - December 16, 1893 (Saturday)Summary: This editorial, adopted from the Charlottesville Progress, discusses some of the current problems with the legal system and, more specifically, criminal sentencing. In this context, the editorial argues that lynching has failed to remedy a legal system that often renders unjust and inequitable sentencing. As example, the author draws on the trial of several Roanoke rioters who were convicted of murder. Despite the conviction, however, the rioters were released and suffered only mild punishment.Summary: This article discusses the will of the late Alfred W. Shields. In the will, the late black businessman stipulates how his $20,000 estate should be divided among surviving parties. The article mentions that two servants of the late Shields would receive $2,000 and the University of Virginia would receive $17,000 in stocks, bonds, and real estate.
Page 01Summary: This is an advertisement alerting travelers that, from December 16th to January 1st, the trains normally running between Columbia and Richmond, will be running between Scottsville and Richmond.
Page 02Richmond Planet - January 20, 1894 (Saturday)Summary: This is an article in response to a claim by the Charlottesville Progress that the black editor of the Richmond Planet has discarded the entire white race, on the premise that lynching is murder. The article employs numerous examples to illustrate the reasons for which the black race is strongly opposed to lynch law. In addition, the author of the article emphasizes that opposing lynch law is not indicative of support of criminality. Instead, the author opposes lynch law because it encourages lawlessness and deforms justice.
Page 01Richmond Planet - January 27, 1894 (Saturday)Summary: This section alerts readers to a new advertisement published by Barcus and Kelser for their funeral services.
Page 04Richmond Planet - January 06, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: This article announces a public meeting of the Samaritan order of Richmond at the Third A.M.E. Church. The meeting will consist of numerous addresses from prominent members of the order and promises to be both informative and intellectually stimulating.
Page 1Summary: Gives a speech by the Bank president summarizing the splendid and unanticipated gains made by the Bank. Praises conservative investments and promises the same in the future.
Page 4Richmond Planet - January 13, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: An African-American man and his wife were killed December 14 by the Ku Klux Klan after the man had altercation on streets of town with white man.Summary: [No Summary Available]Summary: Describes the White House New Year Celebration. Gives description of Mrs. and Miss Roosevelt's dress and the order and names of high government officials who were present.Summary: A patient in a private Philadelphia hospital committed suicide by leaping from his second-story bathroom window.Summary: Naval Commander received reprimand for negligence in connection with a fatal explosion aboard the Bennigton in San DiegoSummary: State commissioner of agriculture for Virginia corresponds with the Lord Mayor of London in order to bring starving Londoners over and establish them on Virginian farms.Summary: One man killed on top of tenement house in New York in prearranged duel between two Italians.Summary: Political news from Russia suggesting that the country is moving toward moderation and the rule of law.Summary: Estimates the casualties of the 10-days' revolt to eventually reach 2500/Summary: Details the disposition of the "Railway Magnate's" will. In addition to significant amounts for family members, it leaves a large sum to the University of Chicago for the maintenance of an observatory, provides for the erection of a hospital, and provides for the maintenance of his art gallery.Summary: Gives the total number of vessels entering the port of New York, notes that all numbers are up but that of sailing vessels, which has decreased.Summary: One Polish boy was killed and another critically injured as their soap box collided with an oncoming automobile.Summary: A Farmer in Michigan killed his wife and two of his five children with an axe before committing suicide with a shotgun. Hypothesizes that he became despondent when the crop did not meet expectations.Summary: Two men returning from a hog-killiing drowned in the Delaware River when their boat sank. A third was rescued.Summary: 75 year-old woman shot and killed sister, than herself. Hypothesizes that age and impoverished condition resulted in mental unbalancing.Summary: Former President Grover Cleveland made arbitrator for disputes between New York Life Insurance Company, the Equitable Life Assurance Company, and the Mutual Life Insurance Company.Summary: Relates the end of teh legislative committee's investigation of insurance companies.Summary: Judge Thomas H. Paynter virtual lock to replace J.C.S. Blackburn, the incumbent, for Kentucky's U.S. SenatorSummary: Police had to rescue a man from a mob after hs car struck and killed a girl who had paused to retrieve her doll.Summary: An expert burglar walked out of a Brooklyn jail during a guard shift.Summary: Two young sweethearts drowned after they fell through ice while skating.Summary: A storage and transport company was destroyed by fire, causing extensive financial loss for company's with goods there.Summary: An insane woman threw herself and her sick baby into a well during the night, but saved herself.Summary: Man received medal for heroism in saving two lives years ago during his service in Germany.Summary: A Midshipman of high standing and lineage stands accused of hazing younger students.Summary: Gives the totals and details of extensive casualties from the local anthracite mines.Summary: 25th Anniversary of Y.P.S.C.E. on February 2nd; George B. MClellan new mayor of New York City; Suicide of American while in Rome; Embezzler paroled from New Jersey State PrisonSummary: Judge William L. Penfield resigned as solicitor for United States state department; New york cartoonist dies; Attempted NJ suicide; New Dean named at American Commercial schools in Washington, D.C.; Philadelphia boy dies in fire after playing with matchesSummary: West Virginia family killed in home collapse; Alabama murderers hangied; Three Trainmen killed in Indiana railroad accident; One fatality, eight injuries in Pennsylvania natural gas explosion.Summary: A Cook dies in Connecticut fire; Member of Panama canal commission sails for Europe for work-related reasons; Fatal Pennsylvania railroad accident; Andrew Carnegie pledges $1000 for pipe organ in Lutheran Church in PennsylvaniaSummary: City block destroyed in fire in Brockton, Mass; "Colored" 3 year old dies playing with fire in Wilmington, DE; Agreement for boxing match in Philadelphia; Retired General Theodore A. Bingham appointed commissioner of New York Police Force and assumes command; Former president of a New York bank convicted of misappropriating funds.Summary: Person drowns after fainting in bath tub in Pa.; 39th Annual Convention of American Institute of Architects in Washington, January 8-11; Warehouse and oil house in Rutherfords, Pa. destroyed in fire; New president elected for Massachusettes Agricultural College; Notes and gives figures for increase in American homicides and suicides.
Page 1Summary: Details a Georgia case where city law enforcement officials faced prosecution for rearresting a "colored" man and putting him back on the chaingang. His release had been obtained by writ of habeus corpus; his offense had been public drunkenness. The Judge is concerned about jurisdictional issues and the imbalance between crime and punishment.Summary: Frontrunner for Register of the Treasury under investigation, so prominent "colored" attorney of Chicago likely to be appointed.Summary: 78 year-old woman passes awaySummary: Want ad for drug store clerk who is a graduate in PharmacySummary: Want ad for man and wife w/references to go to Montclair, NJ as butler and cook.Summary: In resistance to Jim Crow transportation laws and insults connected therewith, many prominent African-Americans of Nashville formed a company to provide their own transportation. They successfully found stock-holders from the local black community, purchased electric vehicles, and set to devising routes ans schedules.Summary: The Mechanics' Savings Bank announced a dividend of 10% on its stock.Summary: The senior member of a firm of merchant tailors died from an pneumonia.Summary: A woman looks for family sold during slavery.Summary: Notes that a local doctor seems to be prospering.Summary: A subscriber from the Yukon Territory asks that his subscription be continued, and that he will submit payment as soon as he can convert his gold dust to currency. He laments the lack of "colored women" around, and talks about the work and weather.Summary: The Knights of Pythias organization plans to have a large public installation of officers.Summary: Observes that as many white barbers have unionized and raised the price of a shave from 10 to fifteen cents, at least one white gentleman will begin to patronize a black barber instead.Summary: A noted boxer is barred form staying at several New York hotels because of the supposed infamous nature of his profession.Summary: A local woman and Richmond Planet supporter passes away.Summary: Members of Olivette Court gave an appreciative dinner and gift to the "mother" of their organization.Summary: Two friends return to town after visiting in Meherrin, Va.Summary: States that an invention of a young "colored" man, an ignition sparker for gasoline engines, is most advanced and very successful.Summary: The Kansas Supreme Court decided that a law separating the black and white children of a Kansas City high school is constitutional.Summary: First meeting for businness of the newly elected Board of Directors for the Mechanics' Savings Bank.Summary: A member of the White Oak Lodge lit a fire-cracker or sparkler and it exploded, resulting in the amputation of his hand.Summary: A woman from Stratford Canada visited family in Richmond and visited the Richmond Planet Offices.
Page 4Richmond Planet - January 20, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Series of short morals and social comments.Summary: The paper received "Financial Facts Concerning Richmond, Va."Summary: Notes that Professor Frederick D. Fairfield of Howard is now acting president of the University.Summary: Notes one Washington, D.C. Justice confirmation by the U.S. senate and one judge who was not re-appointed.Summary: Talks of a proposal to ship black laborers from Louisiana and Mississippi.Summary: [No Summary Available]Summary: [No Summary Available]Summary: Discusses debate of Booker T. Washington's allgeged endorsement to President Roosevelt of two individuals for Register of the Treasury.Summary: Notes the institution of "Jim Crow" on Newport News street cars.Summary: Relates a speech given by Booker T. Washington in Mobile, Alabama on the problems and possibilities of emancipation.Summary: A bid for expansion of black cemetaries was refused by the Citizens' Committee of Barton Heights.Summary: A 15 year-old black boy from Suffolk, Va. was sentenced to thirty lashes for shoplifting. The mayor said that he ordered whipping instead of a fine because he did not want to burden a poverty-stricken mother, and that for all boys under 16, whipping would be the punishment for thievery.Summary: A man shot his wife, alledgedly over a quarrel, though he claimed it was an accident that happened while he cleaned his revolver.Summary: A family of four died in a fire caused by a faulty flue.Summary: Governor Pennypacker of Pa formally called for a uniform primary election system, a civil service for state offices, the regulation of campaign expenses, and the consolidation of Pittsburg and Allegheny.Summary: Two soldiers, one dead and one seriously ill, were found in a rowboat near Fort Washington.Summary: A 63 year-old inmate at the Leigh county home, escaped guards and hung himself.
Page 1Summary: The Knights of Pythias installed over six hundred new members in a grand ceremony. The Editor of the Richmond Planet, John Mitchell, Jr., is also the Grand Chancellor of the order.Summary: The Rev. W.F. Graham, an able black "pastor, revivalist, and financier" becomes the new pastor of the Fifth Baptist Church (Sydney).Summary: Recognizes the receipt of a Post Card from somewhere in Europe wishing the Planet a Happy New Year.Summary: The administrators of the Friends Asylum for Colored Orphans thanks those who donated gifts during the holiday season.Summary: A woman who has been ill is recovering well; Another woman who has been ill is again at work; Announcement of a free "Grand Sacred Concert" at a local baptist church; Gives thanks for an invitation to attend the eighth anniversary of a lodge in Lynchburg; A man lost his home to fire on Christmas Day.Summary: Remembers the life of the Bishop Gomez Pimenta, who oversaw the diocese of Marianna, Brazil and was the only "full-blooded Negro Bishop." Applauds Gomez's learning and attainments, and comments that these were made possible by the meritocracy of the Catholic Church; his own hard work and innate talent; and the relatively milder racial prejudice that existed in South America.Summary: Asks that every organization in Richmond and nearby areas co-ordinate to make the celebration of Emancipation a memorable and stirring success.
Page 04Richmond Planet - January 27, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Extracts an interview with Senator Camm Patterson from the News-Leader. In this interview, Senator Patterson argues for the separation of white and black taxes, so that the schools of each race will be supported only by the taxes of the same. The senator argues that black education has been proven a failure, that the duty of whites to support the education of blacks has been discharged, and that blacks pay only a tiny fraction of the true cost of their childrens education.Summary: Says that President Roosevelt will stop appointing blacks to federal offices in the South. Believes that this change in stance came about after a trip through the southern states and through the counsel of Dr. Washington.Summary: Says that the views of Senator Camm Patterson, who wishes to spend only black tax money on black education, should not make Virginian blacks angry at Virginian whites generally. Feels that there are enough "justice-loving white people" to see that the bill is not supported.Summary: Says that Senator Bill Tillman continues to "make an exhibition of himself," and his actions are gaining President Roosevelt friends.Summary: Details the rescue of the passengers and crew of a steam ship that ran aground shoals near Atlantic City.Summary: Summarizes new rules involving burials: Five feet minimum from the natural surface of the ground unless rock is present, in which case four feet is acceptable. In the case of contagious disease, the box may not be less than three and a half feet from the surface of the ground.Summary: A 75 year old heiress to Spanish and Ciban estates worth 32 million died under mysterious circumstances. Her son was arrested under suspicion of murder.Summary: Mrs. G.A. Nichols, a great-granddaughter of Henry Melchor Muhlenberh, the founder of the Lutheran Church in America died, died at the age of seventy-seven. She was active in charitable and social functions.Summary: America will support an "open door" policy concerning Morocco and an international commission to control the policing of the country.Summary: A committee confers with twenty-five prominent citizens to determine how best to reform the Republican Party.Summary: The millionaire Chicago merchant died of pneumonia after an affliction of eight days. He left behind a widow and a daughter and a fortune of between one and two hundred million dollars.Summary: Details the operation of the U.S. Postal Service for the past year. It handled over one billion pieces of mail.Summary: A mob attempted to lynch a black man accussed of attempting to assault a white school-teacher. The Governor put the state militia on alert in order to protect the suspect if needed.Summary: Two black men were arrested as suspects in a robbery. A third accomplice, a white man, escaped.Summary: A committee abolished football at Harvard until new rules could be designed to eliminate foul play and injuries.Summary: Murray Vandiver, a Democrat, was re-elected for a fourth term as Maryland state treasurer; A chemical plant near Charlotte was damaged by fire; A seaman apprentice died of spinal meningitis at the naval training station at Newport, Rhode Island; A Chicago woman was sentenced to fourteen years for murdering her husband during a quarrel; Strong evidence found against a Nebraska man arrested for embezzling.Summary: Governor Pennypacker (Pa.) purchased a provision wagon used by the Continental army; A wealthy New York stock broker died of heart disease in Kansas; Two hundred dollars was approved for the the designs for a memoral building for the Jamestown Exposition; A Pennsylvania man was served with a $50,000 suit for breach of promise as he walked down the aisle with another womanSummary: A black man in Trenton, NJ was hanged for the murder of another black man; The Lithograthers Assoc. (West) decided to appoint a committe to meet with union officials to discuss an eight hour day; A Dallas architect was arrested and charged with murder and arson for destroying a building by fire; Two men and their mother were arrested in Montana for murderSummary: A man from Lancaster, Pa. was elected the new president of the Railroad Freight and Baggagemen of America; Two Michigan children died in a fire; A forty-seven year old colonel and founder of the Sons of Veterans in New Jersey died; A sergeant of the Army fled as his accounts were being investigatedSummary: Former collector of internal revenue died in Philadelphia of Bright's disease; One man was killed and six injured in train collision; The U.S. geological survey will survey a California lake which is rising because of the diversion of the Colorado river.
Page 1Summary: Nearly twenty were killed and hundreds injured when a stampede broke out in church during a baptismal service. The congregation had over-estimated the size and danger of a fire and ignored the Reverend's pleas for calm.Summary: An African-American is indicted for, with accomplice, the larceny of a $55 bale of cotton.Summary: Announces that as there is no school on the following Friday, children might be taken to see "those grand moving pictures."Summary: Excerpts praise for Richmond's Mechanics' Savings Bank from a New Orleans black newspaper.Summary: A Lodge initiates ninety new members.Summary: The Pastor of a local Baptist church was presented with a horse and buggy by his congregation.Summary: Notes that the works of three Manchester, Va. artists have achieved much notoriety among their friends.Summary: Notes two ladies who visited the Planet offices recently.Summary: State Senator Camm Patteson has introduced a bill providing for a constitutional amendment that will separate black and white taxes The idea behind this bill is that black schools should only be supported by black taxes. Article disparages the idea, and notes that this lack of support is common to blacks and whites.Summary: Thanks and applaud the Planet for the "many endeavors which have been of much benefit to the Negro race.Summary: The Mayor allegedly libeled a reporter of the News Leader who had reported that he had been called down by the court.
Page 4Richmond Planet - February 03, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Applauds the students of Talledega College in Alabama who have revolted against the appointment of a new Superintendent of the college farm. Appeals to the school President and teh American Missionary Society of New York had been unavailing. This man, a New Yorker, had apparently become convinced by some "Negro-hating" southern conceptions of race relations, with the result that over half of the students planned to leave the school. Editor opines that Northerners who take to such ideas become "worse" than those southerners who originally held them.Summary: Gives a letter published in several New York newspapers, wherein Booker T. Washington denies having recommended the removal of black holders of federal office in the south.Summary: Notes that the Mayor of Suffolk's whipping program has been inflicted on white shopl-ifters as well. However, the Mayor ordered the court-room cleared and allowed the parents to administer the whipping, rather than the police. These measures were not taken for black shop-lifters.Summary: Indicted Chicago packers wish to introduce a letter purporting to prove that President Roosevelt admitted the investigation was jointly prosecuted by the Department of Justice and the Department of Commerce and Labor.Summary: The police released several black suspects of a rape and murder. These suspects either had strong alibis or the young girl who was the only witness was unable to give a satisfactory identification.Summary: President Roosevelt sent the names of his nominees for new ambassadors and postmasters.Summary: Because of a lack of appropriations, the bureau of steam engineering had to lay off about 1000 men.Summary: An explosion in a saw mill caused seven deaths, three injuries, and extensive damage to the mill.Summary: Twenty-six collieries of the Lehigh Valley Coal company were ordered closed for three days.Summary: The County Treasurer contests finding that the accounts under his charge are short over 30,000 dollars.Summary: A teenage girl was arrested for forging the name of a Senator to a check used for jewelry. She and her mother claimed he had left money in her care.Summary: It is announced that the retired general has a mild attack of pneumonia.Summary: The Cardinal is dying from pneumonia.Summary: A ship travelling between San Francisco and British Columbia ran aground in the fog and about one hundred were reported drowned.Summary: A freight steamer and an ocean line steamer collided, resulting in the loss of the freight steamer and its cargo, though none of the crew.Summary: The owner of a prize-winning hen prematurely lists the bird for sale at $10. It is brought for that price and soon after is sold for $750.Summary: A steamship is not damaged as badly as was initially thought, so efforts to salvage it will be attempted.Summary: A group of anachrists, together with the Italian "Black Hand" organization are implicated in a murder and a plan to execute leading men of the country, including Governor Pennypacker of Pennsylvania.Summary: The son of a former congressman sent many letters to leading government officials, including the President, urging them to join "The Civic Cadets of America." He was arrested but not specifically charged, and was suspected of sufering under dementia.Summary: A Brazilian warship was destroyed by an internal blast, resulting in the death of 212 and the wounding of 36.Summary: Investigation for a charge of hazing shows that at least one officer of the Naval Academy knew and tacitly condoned hazing.Summary: A bill governing certain aspects of the disposition of federal cases was agreed upon by the house committee on interstate and foreign commerce.Summary: The former president, John A. McCall, of the New York Life Insurance Company sold his summer palace for about $350,000.Summary: Representative Maynard of Virginia introduced a bill authorizing government involvement in the Jamestown Tricentennial celebration in 1907, including the coinage of one million two dollar silver pieces.Summary: Warm weather damages the ice harvest in Pennsylvania.Summary: An ex-convict threw boiling water over his wife, causing injuries that doctor's predicted would be fatal.Summary: Six men were severely burned when pulverized coal exploded.Summary: Dr. Gustavus Knabe "the father of music" died in Knoxville at the age of 89; The price of hardwoods has been increased from one to dollars per thousand feet; A woman charged with murdering her husband dies in an insane asylum; Sells & Downs circus was sold to C.W. Thompson for $35,000.Summary: A fire in Pennsylvania destroys four houses and a store; A fire in Pennsylvania destroys a tugboat; Two men killed in Ohio freight train collision; Three men were killed in Oregon mining explosion; A famous Civil War nurse, Mrs. Elizabeth Aiken, died at the age of 89.Summary: The former President of Argentina dies at the age of 83; A Delaware man who accidentally shot himself in the foot dies two weeks later of lockjaw; A Nebraska prairie fire destroys two ranches and damages twelve others; Members of the Iowa Senate signed a petition for a full pardon for a New Jersey "murderess" sentenced to death; An enormous and expensive Chicago library in honor of the late Dr. William R. Harper is scheduled for construction.Summary: Seven Utah miners were killed in a snowslide; Eight deaths from spinal meningitis have occurred in Newport, Rhode Island; A man was fined $5000 and sentenced to a year in jail for sending objectionable material through the mail; Two Connecticut children died when the ice of a pond broke; A Pennsylvania widow gets $3000 becuase of denied death benefitsSummary: The Baltimore chrome works were damaged by fire; Frederick S. Stedman, a "well-known dog fancier" dies in Pittsburg of heart trouble; General Robert S. Brown dies n Bethlehem, Pa. at age 88; A bill was introduced in the Va. legislature to erect a Richmond monument to General Fitzhugh Lee; An African-American was taken from a Kentucky jail and hanged for an attempted criminal assault on a white womanSummary: The Mississippi Cotton Compress in Jackson was burned at a loss of $750,000; Stock brokers in Pittsburg made an assignment with liabilities exceeding $200,000; Many Alaskans petition the President to appoint Judge James Wickersham as governor; A Mississippi man was shot and killed by the wife of a man he himself killed several months before; American school readers, printed in Japan, are apprehended for supposed copyright violation.Summary: [No Summary Available]Summary: [No Summary Available]Summary: The Planet's Editor paid one hundred dollars to the widower of a member of Victoria Court.Summary: Enumerates the officers just installed in Knights of Pythias Lodges.
Page 1Summary: The State Supreme Court ordered a new trial for a black man from Henrico county accused of "assault." The Court found that a detective who testified at trial seems to have fabricated evidence, and the prejudicial nature of this evidence warranted setting aside the lower court's verdict.Summary: Letter begins a subscription and praises the editor for assiduously promoting and defending the causes of African-Americans.Summary: An insurance company warns the public that two agents have been dismissed for appropriating customers funds to their own use.Summary: The Pennsylvania legislature resolves to investigate the fees and methods of insurance companies.Summary: A man robbed the railroad station where he worked in order to pay his gambling debts, and shot and killed himself when apprehended.Summary: A black man arrested on a minor charge confessed to killing a restaurant owner in self-defense over a dispute about the price of the meal.Summary: The health of an admiral's daughter, injured when her horse took fright, improved.Summary: A railroad collision between freight and passenger cars resulted in four fatalities.Summary: A 91 year old woman, depressed by her age, killed herself by sustained inhalation of chloroform.Summary: Lt. General Chafee retires from the army after about 45 years of service.Summary: A gathering of friends came together to remember Rev. Dr. Edwards and support his widow.Summary: A man who, with a razor, nearly severed the head of a woman and tried to kill himself with the same was convicted of eighteen years, biding appeal to the supreme court.Summary: A man confessed to killing a woman from Moorestown, NJSummary: The woman who discovered the murderer of Miss Allinson [see preceeding article] received three separate award sums, and the prosecuting attorney declares that no special security measures would be employed to see to the prisoner's safety.Summary: Observes that pensioners of the Civil War are dying at a rapid pace.Summary: Paul Dresser, a noted song writer, died in New York at the age of forty-seven.Summary: The head of the United Mine Workers convened in order to formulate and present the demands of the workers to the operators.Summary: Someone clipped and stole the braids of a twelve-year old girl.Summary: The Georgia Supreme Court declares it unconstitutional to sentence a person to a county chaingang for a mere misdemeanor.Summary: A church accepts a new pastor and hopes that he can assist in relieving debt, improving spirit, and beautifying the facility.Summary: Lists those installed as officers at the Pocahontas LodgeSummary: Describes a banquet of the Knights of Pythias held at the Pythian Castle honoring new members and the fact that the lodge now is the largest in the state.Summary: The Richmond Charitable Union thanks the Coronella Literary and Art Club for raising $25.57.Summary: Two white and one black teacher were appointed to explain Ward's Method of Teaching.
Page 4Richmond Planet - February 10, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Expresses the conviction that justice is better sought at the state level than the national. Feels that southern men are adamant and fearless in their beliefs, whether they be attacking or defending African-Americans. Cites the Georgia case of Henry Jamison in which a black man found justice on the state level while being virtually ignored by the U.S. Supreme Court.Summary: Relates the death of King Christian the Ninth, of Denmrk, aged 88.Summary: Tells of the ascension of the new king of Denmark, King Frederick the Eighth.Summary: A French Car won the racing championship when it acheived the speed of 123 miles/hour.Summary: A man who murdered a man and assaulted a woman was finally arrested in Atlantic City after ten years.Summary: An African-American reportedly assaulted and left for dead a twenty-year old white woman. A posse of more than one hundred, with track hounds, began searching for him.Summary: A noted New Jersey physician was shot by his daughter. The shooting was reported to be not serious and accidental.Summary: A large fire at the Newport, Rhode Island naval station cause extensive and expensive damage.Summary: Briefly summarizes the Japanese expenditures for the recent war.Summary: The Dupont Co. places insurance on the lives of its employees./Summary: Meat Packers of Chicago claimed that secret loss and profit books had been ordered by Commissioner Garfield with assurances that the books would not be used against them.Summary: Describes the final Arlington National Cemetary services for General Joseph Wheeler.Summary: The Vice President of the First National Bank decried the miserly and uncharitable spirit of many millionaires he knew.Summary: The House of Representatives calls for a probe into an alleged illegal agreement between several railroad companies.Summary: A man was killed in a railway accident.Summary: A New Jersey man was killed when thrown driving his team; A Chines Imperial Commission is received by President Roosevelt; A Politician of Stoudsburg, Pa. commits suicide; A four-state Coal Dealer's Association was formed in Lynchburg, Va.Summary: A six-year old New Jersey girl became blind afte a coughing spell; The 79-year old Archbishop of Mechlin died in Brussels, Belgium; A Pennsylvania boy was killed stealing a train ride; A Pennsylvania man kills himself in Colorado; President Roosevelt gave a dinner for the Supreme Court Justices and their wives.Summary: A grain elevator in New York was destroyed by fire; Andrew Carnegie gives Mount Union College a conditional $50,000; Two killed in pistol duel; President Roosevelt refuses to pardon a man convicted of violating the banking laws.Summary: A Pennsylvania man was killed in a train accident; President Roosevelt orders the release of a Toledo forger after one a half years; Receiver for the Bay State Gas Company to foreclose on farm mortgage; The Captain of a steamboat that burned and killed 1000 was convicted of criminal negligence and sentenced to 10 years;Summary: A hotel and restaurant keeper of Washington, D.C. committed suicide; Secretary Taft sent bills to Congress designed to increase army efficency; A 70 year old missionary to the Indians dies at the age of 70; A postoffice in New Richmond, O. was robbed; An Indiana cashier sentenced to eight years for embezzlementSummary: A bridge and iron company of Bellafontaie, O. was destroyed by fire; Three houses burned in Pennsylvania and one man was killed; Kansas to hold exposition in 1911 celebrating 50th anniversary of admission to the union; Cl A.K. McClure to deliver Gettsyburg Memorial Address; Well-known baseball player run over and killed in Washington.
Page 01Summary: Praises Lincoln as a defender of liberty, lover of justice, and well-remembered martyr.Summary: Disparages a plan to fund black schools with only black taxes. Says that this is not legislation designed for all, it is not charitable, and given the centuries of uncompensated slavery, it is not equitable.Summary: A white teenage boy was killed when he fell beneath the wheels of a train.Summary: Announces a special meeting of the Afro-American Emancipation Association to discuss organization.Summary: A black man in Macon, Georgia managed to stop horses that had runaway with a buggy, and thereby saved two white ladies from serious injury or death. He was rewarded with thanks and applause and a large sum of money.Summary: New information was obtained in the case of a young black mail carrier who was killed while on his route.Summary: Article consists of a love poem.Summary: Informs the Planet of local church news, including a debate on whether "color instead of conditions impeded the progress of the Afro-American."Summary: Relates improvement in the condition of a local man.Summary: Tells of an anniversary celebrations two of the "Bands of Calanthe," a secret social and benevolent society.Summary: Announces the first Sunday in which the Rev. W.F. Graham preached. Suggests that the day was a great success and that the church is well-headed for a return to prosperity.Summary: Relates the nomination of a new Postmaster for Richmond and the resulting dissatisfaction, both with the new choice and the abandonment of the old.Summary: Tells of the opening of a new lodge of the Knights of Pythias, a secret fraternal and benevolent society, in Tom's Creek, Va.Summary: Certifies that the widow of a deceased Knight of Pythias received payment on her death claim.Summary: Certifies that the beneficiary of a deceased Knight of Pythias received payment on his death claim.Summary: Gives a long list of students who have achieved first and second honors.
Page 04Richmond Planet - February 17, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Counsels readers not to be down trodden, as African-Americans are making true progress in spite of obstacles.Summary: Opines that Rev. Dr. W.F. Graham is well-qualified for his role as the new pastor of the struggling Fifth Baptist Church.Summary: Reproduces the words of a man in Washington endorsing Professor William H. Richards of Howard Law School.Summary: Applauds the efforts of notable northern black persons, including Dr. W.E.B. DuBois, Mrs. Mary Church Terrel. Disparages the rulings and attitudes of the Supreme Court, and endorses a state's rights attitude for southern blacks. Says that if deference to southern ways and legal propositions do not secure justice, southern blacks are content to wait for divine equity.Summary: Details the results of an insurance investigation prosecuted by the Pennsylvania legislature. Says that improper fees were taken, wages were paid, and oversight was virtually non-existent.Summary: Says that the Countess Boni de Castellane (formerly Anna Gould) has prosecuted divorce proceedings against her husband. Reports that attempts at reconciliation have failed, suggesting that this may be due to sensational reports about the Count's infidelity.Summary: Two men were convicted of embezzling over $1500 from county fund's intended for the poor house which they directed. Their appeal was denied, and they had to pay $50 and spend one year in jail.Summary: The power house for the University of Pennsylvania was extensively damaged by fire.Summary: Reports that a large-scale mining strike seems imminent, as miners refused to relax their demand for wage increases, and the companies refused to agree to any raises. Miners began to look to increasing the size of their defense fund in case of strike.Summary: The colleries throughout the anthracite region of Pennsylvania began operating at full capacity in order to swell the amount of coal in the companies' storage stock.Summary: A legislative commission discovered that municipal control of public utility plants, especially trolley lines, was impracticable because they often extended over municipal lines. The commission suggested limiting stock and bond issues and instead gradually increasing taxes.Summary: A postal carrier was convicted of stealing money from the mail and was sentenced to four years in prison, all within 36 hours of his arrest.Summary: Five hundred men and boys lost their jobs when a large colliery closed down in prospect of its purchase.Summary: Andrew Carnegie gave the woman's college $20,000 conditional on the same amount being raised. The improvements the gifts should result are claimed to make the college one of the five largest female colleges "of Grade A" in the U.S.Summary: A large fire destroyed a grain elevator and wheat, causing damage in excess of one million dollars. Stables, two hundred wagons, and two hundred horses were also destroyed.Summary: The murderer of a woman of Moorestown, NJ began his trial under a formal plea of not-guilty, though he admitted to the murder.Summary: A woman killed herself and her four children and was discovered by her husband when he returned home from work.Summary: A man with a year remaining on his imprisonment for embezzlement guessed the attendance at the St. Louis exposition in 1904 and thereby won twenty-five thousand dollars. He gave his lawyer half for securing the money while he was in prison.Summary: Gives some facts from a report detailing the value of commerce coming and going through New Yorkl's ports. The value of the imports passing through New York's imports exceeded that of all other U.S. ports combined, and the value of the exports was approximately two-thirds that of all other ports combined.Summary: Nine African-Americans died in a fire suspected of being purposeful. The one person who escaped was thought to have started the fire because two men in the house intended to testify against her sweetheart.Summary: A teenage boy received fifteen thousand dollars for the loss of his eyesight in an accident involving dynamite when he was fourteen. His father received twenty-five hundred for the loss of his son's earnings and medical expenses.Summary: The President and others feel that dismissal for hazing is too harsh a punishment. Because the current law would demand the dismissal of over thirty midshipmen from the naval academy, President Roosevelt urged Congress to speedily adopt a new, more lenient law.Summary: A large brick schoolhouse was destroyed by fire, but all two hundred students escaped safely.Summary: Executors of Marshall's Fields esate estimated the value of his Illinois estate at $75,000,000; A young woman from New York died after three weeks in a trance; The New York legislature authorized the printing of five thousand companies of insurance testimony; One worker and two passengers were killed in a New York Railroad collision.Summary: A North Carolina man committed suicide; The home of a Pennsylvania postmaster was burglarized, causing the loss of over $500 in cash, stamps, and registered letters; The father-in-law of a black man who killed a Mississippi sheriff was put in jail to protect him from a mob that had formed to lynch him; A Naval ensign, injured in an explosion, will marry a nurse who tended him during his injury.Summary: A black man was hanged in D.C. for the murder of his common law wife; The temperature in New York's Adirondacks was 29 degrees below zero, a season low; The man who was postmaster of La Crescent, Minnesota for forty consecutive years, diesd at the age of 82; President Roosevelt pardoned a Midshipman convicted of hazing at the Annapolis naval acadamey.Summary: The Navy Dept. accepted the resignation of a Midshipman from Georgia; Two were killed and thirteen injured when a train derailed in New Mexico; A woman, reputedly the oldest in Pennsylvania, died at the age of 108; A ten-year old boy saved his little sister by wrapping his coat around her when her dress was on fire; Va. manufacturers of fruit baskets, packages, and barrels will be hurt by the new increase in lumber prices.Summary: A man called "New York Red" was sentenced to nineteen years for murder; One thousand mounted men from Fort Sill, OK to participate in three-day hunt to rid the national game preserve of wolves; A former insurance agent and "absconder" committed suicide in Massachusettes; A national convention for Presbyterian laymen intending to discuss Christian work to take place in Pittsburg starting February 13.Summary: A man was found in the road frozen to death near Milton, Pa.; The South Carolina legislature passed a bill to abolish the dispensary; The funeral for the later King Christian of Denmark to take place on February 18; James B. Doherty reappointed Virginia commissioner of labor; Three Montana girls died in a fire that destroyed their home; A 65year old man in Pennsylvania died of cramps on the way to theospital.
Page 01Summary: Gives a stirring speech given by several noted persons, starting with John E. Milholland of the Constitution League. Mr. Milholand decries the hypocrisy that makes America provide every protection for the dignity and safety of its citizens abroad, but does virtually nothing to secure the full protection of the law for many of its citizens (African-Americans) in the South. The speakers talk about equal protection of the law being critical, and the idea that states should not be allowed to infringe on the most basic rights and protections of American citizens by claiming the state sovereignity. Continued next week.Summary: Reports the death by pneumonia of a high officer of the Knights of Pythias.Summary: A fight between the preacher and his supporters and an antagonistic group broke out out in at the end of a service in an African Methodist Episcopal Church.Summary: The noted African-American poet, 34, died after a three-year struggle with tuberculosis. Gives some information on his background and his moted noted works.Summary: Announces that a Baptist sunday school is scheduled to give a musical and literary entertainment based on Shakespeare's works. The proceeds from the evening aare intended for the library fund.
Page 02Richmond Planet - February 24, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Laments the passing of Paul Laurence Dunbar.Summary: Reports that Professor W.T. Vernon (African-American)of Quindaro, KS is the new Register of the Treasury. Endorses President's Roosevelt's nomination and the speed of the U.S. Senate in confirming the choice.Summary: Reports that the Editor of the Mobile, Alabama Weekly Press visited Talledega College in Alabama. He found that the rebellion by the students, who were dissatisfied with the appointment of the assistant superintendent, was wrong. This administrator, in his opinion, was a "pious, Christian southerner and worthy of the support of our people." The editorial regrets the rebellion and emphasizes the need for considered, conservative action at all times.Summary: Includes an article from the Washington Post which says that at a moving picture show, the entire audience of 2000 black people stood and applauded during a lynching scene. The pastor of the church where the scene alledgedly happened denounced the story as libelous and wholly untrue.
Page 1Summary: Reports speeches given by Professor W.E.B. DuBois and Mrs. Mary Church Terrell at a New York meeting focusing on the problems of African-Americans in the South. The first part of the report heads last week's newspaper. Mrs. Terrel decries the interest of the United States in the Russian Jews while virtually ignoring the plight of many of its black citizens. She also calls southern representation disproportionate and unjust. DuBois feels that the national and African-American program of not confronting the South for its deeds has failed. Economic advancement and industry produce fruits that are indefensible without political rights, DuBois contends. He thinks that, pursuant to the Constitution, southern influence should be reduced because of the de facto disfranchisement of most southern blacks.Summary: Speaks of last Sunday's stirring service at the Fifth Baptist Church. The offering was high and Sunday School service was a success.Summary: Certifies that John Mitchell, Jr. paid the death claim of a widow of a Knight of Pythias. The Knights of Pythias is a secret fraternal and benevolent society. John Mitchell, Jr. is Virginia's Grand Chancellor and the editor of the Richmond Planet.Summary: Short mention of Mr. George Scott, the head-waiter of the Lexington Hotel in Newport News, Va. Says that he is one of the youngest in Virginia and gives his address.Summary: Says that a suit by Rev. E.A.P. Cheek, pastor of a Baptist Farmville, Va. church was succesful. He sued the president of the Virginia Theological Seminary and College in Lynchburg, Va. for libelously reporting that he had an affair with a former teacher, and won a verdict of one thousand dollars. The collection of the thousand dollars is doubtful.Summary: Certifies that John Mitchell, Jr. paid the death claim of a widow of a Knight of Pythias. The Knights of Pythias is a secret fraternal and benevolent society. John Mitchell, Jr. is Virginia's Grand Chancellor and the editor of the Richmond Planet.Summary: Reports that resident of Chicago who formerly lived in Richmond has visited the city and left forhis future home in Philadelphia.Summary: Reports that a woman from Danville, Va. is in town visiting her niece.
Page 4Richmond Planet - March 03, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Combines an original editorial with an editorial written by a correspondent critiquing a speech given by Booker T. Washington in Washington. Both the Planet editor and the correspondent feel that Washington's singular focus on industrial activity is flawed and limiting. They argue that all people should look to the work for which they are suited, and those African-Americans with the ability to pursue "the higher professions" should do so. They also dissent from Washington's notion that exediency is more necessary and reasonable than principle; that blacks should conform to their situation. The editorial argues that principle should never be waived, and that expediency has always resulted in the marginalization and oppression of blacks and other peoples. The Planet differs with its correspondent on two points, however, first saying that Washington should not be chastised for asking assistance for tyrannized Africans without doing the same for blacks, because Washington must work and labor in the South and so should not unduly antagonize his neighbors. The Planet also feels that Tuskegee and other black industrial schools are invaluable tools for blacks.Summary: Reports on the marriage of President Roosevelt's daughter to Ohio Representative Nicholas Longworth. Says that many expensive gifts were given from different countries, and that the celebration was extravagant but tasteful.Summary: Reports that President Roosevelt's newly wedded daughter and her husband left to sail for a Cuban honeymoon.Summary: The former president of the New York Life Insurance Company died of an enlarged liver. Some suppose that his having to give sensitive testimony in an insurance probe contributed to his breakdown.Summary: A woman killed her three children and committed suicide on a steamer running between New York to Fall River, Mass.Summary: A bridge company had to pay five thousand dollars and costs for prosecution for its failure to obey the mandate of the Secretary of War that it raise the height of a bridge to permit navigation.Summary: A company hopes to use the Schuykill canal to run electric trolleys for passenger and freight.Summary: A man facing trial for holding up street cars was released on a $1500 bond.Summary: Reports that President Roosevelt favors a raised lock canal over a sea level canal for the Panama canal, primarily for reasons of cost and risk.Summary: A House investigation was authorized into alleged interstate monopolies of oil and coal.Summary: A suit against the Standard Oil Company, for damages inflicted by a monopoly, was dismissed for being vague and defective.Summary: A female correspondent discusses the quandary of women who live in debt.Summary: Says that to avoid charges, bills should be paid weekly.Summary: The Christian Herald (NY) contributed $10,000 for "famine stricken Japansese."; The Kentucky legislature outlawed pool halls; The foreman of the job printing department of the government printing office resigned; A midshipman at the Naval Academy resigned because of conduct and academic problems; A derailment of a mail train in Missouri resulted in three injuries.Summary: General Fred Walsen, a noted Colorado pioneer, died of dropsy; The last survivor of the Seminole War of 1836 died in Ala.; Mrs. Aaron Blair, a sister in law of General Lew Wallace, died in Washington of apoplexy; A Washington bank does well; A Boston fire chief died of a heart attack while responding to a callSummary: Three Michigan children died in a fire; A rumor is afoot of a line of steamers between San Francisco and Honolulu; A Georgia reverend was accidentally shot while bird hunting; Two Ohio women were killed when a train struck their buggy; Two bank officers in Charleston, S.C. had warrants sworn out agiainst them after they accepted a deposit after insolvencySummary: The beet sugar industry has increased over 200 percent in product and value since 1900; A Pa. train worker was killed and three passengers were injured in a train wreck; Three men were killed and twenty girls were mildly injured in a powder works explosion in Missouri; A Pa. man was killed in a machine accident in a steel worksSummary: The widow of an admiral died in Italy; An actor was thrown from a train in Chicago and killedSummary: The president of the United Mine Workers of America declined the democratic nomination to represent the district of Peoria, Ill. He said that so long as he represented the miners, he would accept no office.
Page 01Summary: Professor Hayes of the Virginia Seminary was successfully sued for $1,000 for a libelous letter printed against a Reverend Cheeks. This letter from a member of the Virginia Baptist State Convention defends Professor Hayes and the Seminary. It says that the suit was inspired by enemies of the seminary and not from any principle. The letter also says that Professor Hayes is an able leader engaged in the important work of giving religious instruction to young African-American men and preparing them for teaching or the ministry.Summary: The letter relates church and social news from Plainfield, New Jersey.Summary: Relates visits and other minor social news from Richmond.Summary: A bank president and newspaper editor lost his claim for slander because it was adequately demonstrated that the things reported about him were true.Summary: A subscriber from Winston says that he has gotten others to subscribe as well, but some refused because they think reading the newspaper is a waster of time. The writer says that this thinking is flawed; children will learn to love reading the paper or another "good race paper" and the money is well worth it.Summary: Certifies that John Mitchell Jr., Grand Worthy Counselor of the Virginian order of Calanthe, a fraternal and benevelont order, and editor of the Planet, paid the death claim of a female member from Lynchburg, Va.Summary: Certifies that John Mitchell Jr., Grand Chancellor of the Knights of Pythias of Virginia, a fraternal and benevelont order, and editor of the Planet, paid the death claim of a member from Roanoke, Va.Summary: Certifies that John Mitchell Jr., Grand Worthy Counselor of the Virginian order of Calanthe, a fraternal and benevelont order, and editor of the Planet, paid the death claim of a female member from Portsmouth, Va.Summary: A reader from Baltimore renews his subscription and says kind things about the Planet.Summary: A judge fined a woman $10 for refusing to answer the questions of a black attorney. The attorney was defending a former servant of the woman who had been accused of theft. The woman said that she didn't "have to answer a nigger."Summary: A reader from Scotland, Va. renews his subscription for the sixteenth time and praises the paper for the good he says it has done for African-Americans.Summary: A woman sends thanks for payment of death claim for a former Knight of Pythias, a fraternal and benevolent society. The woman's deceased husband had been a member of lodge that was not in good standing, but the superiors in the Order donated the claim, $150, anyway.Summary: Recognizes that a husband and wife from North Carolina are staying in town.Summary: Says that the Afro-American Emancipation Association has decided to admit all Civil War and Spanish-American War veterans into the Emancipation celebration free of charge. It also encourages all people, organizations, and businesses to get involved in the April 3rd celebration remembering Emancipation.Summary: Reports an "objectionable" poem found in the pages of the Atlanta Constitution. The poem, written in stereotypical black-english, tells of African-Americans praising God after a train derails and releases many chickens that they can steal.
Page 04Richmond Planet - March 10, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: A collection of observations about life in general and racial realties specifically. Among other things, praises industry, conservative black deportment, President Roosevelt, and the "many true friends in the Southland."Summary: Says that the latest meeting of the Constitution League was a great success and praised its foremost member, Professor W.H. Richards.Summary: Praises the annual report put out by the Virgina Department of Agriculture and says that its Commissioner, George W. Kolner, is most capable.Summary: Criticizes influential black men who don't support African-American newspapers unless and until they need the coverage and influence provided thereby. Says that when such a person dependably subscribes to a "reputable race journal" they should be assisted when and how possible by black newspapers.Summary: Includes an article that reports that a woman who claimed to have been attacked by a black man actually inclicted the injury on herself.Summary: Reports that two black men accused of shooting a white man narrowly escaped being lynched by being moved to a different prison. Expresses weariness at the threat of lynching, and surprise that it exists so far north. Suggests that the ring-leaders of the mob, who raided the black neighborhoods of Springfield, Ohio and destroyed property, should be incarcerated. This would show others similarly disposed that the law is the sufficent and only remedy for lawlessness, regardless of color.Summary: Sees a huge split in the Republican party as Democratic Senator Ben Tillman was selected to deliver a bill dealing with coal monopolies. Says that President Roosevelt has been embarassed, and that Senator Tillman is incompetent, unliked, and disfavorably disposed to the bill.Summary: Contains an article from the Washington Post which condemned the words of Bishop H.M. Turner. Bishop Turner's fiery address called the American flag "a contemptible rag" and claimed to think Hell a better place for black people than the United States. The Post claimed that there were no protests to his words but the Planet editorial takes issue with this. It says that almost every black journal in the country condemned the extreme stance of Bishop Turner. The Planet uses the opportunity to compare Turner to Senator Bill Tillman, who the Planet also claims disregards the Constitution but is still given responsibility and respect.Summary: Praises the Equal Rights Convention of Georgia for calling able and respectable African-American leaders. The Convention denounces unequal funding for black and white schools and those who counsel blacks to yield their political rights. Thinks that this is the seed of a great movement and is especially gratified that its roots lie in the South.Summary: The House Committee on Agriculture decided to stop distributing free seeds.Summary: Says that foreign laborers in Pennsylvania railroad construction are being terrorized and robbed by "negro desperadoes."Summary: The bonds of the International Mercantile Marine company depreciated in value, causing holders to lose five million dollars.Summary: Professor S.P. Langley, the noted scientist and secretary of the Smithsonian Institution died in Aikens, South Carolina at the age of 72 from a stroke of paralysis.Summary: A black man accused of assaulting a young white girl was taken from police custody, shot, and then burned. It was claimed that he had confessed to the mob of five hundred men.Summary: A woman who had attempted to divorce her husband was assaulted by him and then shot. The scene was witnessed by their nineteen-year old son, who was knocked down trying to interfere.Summary: A jeweler from Newark committed suicide in his barn.Summary: A black man who confessed to attempting to assault a young white girl was convicted to 99 years at hard labor.Summary: A nineteen year old worker at the Canfield Oil Company fell into a vat of benzine and was asphyxiated by the fumes.
Page 01Summary: A large meeting of leading African-Americans, the Sons of Allen, and the Constitution league met at a Washington, D.C. church to discuss black suffrage in the South. Remarks by W.E.B DuBois and William Lloyd Garrison are included in the article. Speakers decried the southern situation as tyrannical, taxation without representation. They asked that the fourteenth and fifteenth constitutional amendments be enforced, such that if the right of southern black men to vote continues to be denied, southern congressional representation be accordingly reduced.Summary: A man praises the Planet as "the bold defender of the race" and includes money for a subscription.Summary: Informs readers that a man from Petersburg, Va. has been ill the past week.Summary: A local church thanks a donator from New York City for a $12.00 donation.Summary: The Afro-American Emancipation Association announces that there will be one large combined parade rather than two smaller ones. It also expresses a desire for all the black businesses to participate with floats. Plans for the Emancipation celebration include a choir and addresses from prominent persons. The School Board granted a holiday for all Richmond schools for the.Summary: Discusses an attempt at reunion between two factions of local Baptists. One branch, the old Sunday School Union, insisted on using literature prepared by white northern Baptists. The other, the National Baptist Sunday School Union, supported an African-American publishing house and black writers. The old Sunday School union declared that the two factions could consolidate as one, but that the National Baptist Sunday School Union must be incorporated into them. This was unnacceptable and the two groups remained separate.Summary: A Massacusettes woman looks for an uncle and four sisters she left behind in Richmond.Summary: Gives a list of honor students from second to seventh grade.Summary: Announces a public concert to be given in support of a church.Summary: Announces that a pastor will guest preach at another church this coming Sunday.Summary: Gives a list of about twenty associations and organizations that have prepared to participate in the upcoming Emancipation celebration.Summary: A love poem stressing permanence through adversity.Summary: Recognizes a subscriber from Alabama who is bringing new readers to the Planet.
Page 04Richmond Planet - March 17, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: A short series of racial and social observations. Sees many obstacles for southern blacks but encourages industry, perseverence, and conservative behavior. Says that black criminals deserve nothing other than a legal conviction. Stresses the difference between the "better classes" of blacks and the "lazy, lawless, good-for-nothing elements."Summary: Observes that two meetings of the pro-Civil Rights Constitution League took two different positions. One group thought that reducing congressional representation for states that denied the franchise to blacks would only entrench and legitimize the practice. The other that such reduction would have a punitive effect on southern states and speed African-American suffrage. Without taking a position, the editorial argues for a consolidated stance and unified leadership.Summary: The President of the United Mine Workers denied that he had made a deal with a parallel organization that would result in a unilatarel wage increase. At this time, however, it did seem apparent that there would be a large strike.Summary: A local option bill in New Jersey garnered little support.Summary: In memory of his deceased daughter, a retired banker gave the Episcopal Board of Missions one hundred thousand dollars for domestic or foreign missions.Summary: President Roosevelt's newly wedded daughter returned from her Cuban honeymoon with Ohio Representative Nicholas Longsworth, and the two returned to their home in W ashington.Summary: A banker's son was kidnapped as he went out to buy stamps and held is being held ransom for $20,000.Summary: A chaffeur and son of "a very good family" was arrested for perpetrating at least eight and as many as fifteen robberies, in order to satisfy his addiction for pool.Summary: Conductors and trainmen for the Deleware, Lackawanna & Western railroads could not reach an agreement with the company and could strike.Summary: A farmer and local Democratic politician was drawn into a threshing machine while making adjustments. His skull was fractured, his leg amputated, and the injuries could eventually be fatal.Summary: A black man sentenced to be hung for the murder of a toll-gate keeper escaped from jail and the many parties looking for him threaten a lynching upon his capture.Summary: The Fourth Assistant Postmaster General reported that over 35,000 routes were in operation on March 1.Summary: A black man and another man were convicted if a murder near Moorestown, NJ and are due to be hanged two weeks from today.Summary: A baker was arrested for alledgedly concoting a robbery story in order to keep $2700 in insurance money that had been paid to him.Summary: Reports that Susan B. Anthony, the famous woman's suffragist, has taken seriously ill with pneumonia.Summary: Representative J.M. Griggs of Georgia was unanimously chosen chairman of the Democratic congressional committee.Summary: Over a thousand Hungarian and Slavic mine workers sought to return home because of a threatened strike.Summary: A judge forbade a Pennsylvania man from interring his pet in a cemetary.Summary: A 65 year old woman, depressed at illness, committed suicide by hanging herself.Summary: A barge caught fire at sea, but the captain and crew were rescued by the tug boat that has the barge in tow.Summary: Two Michigan girls were poisoned by eating canned salmon; Two navy admirals retire; The Postmaster for West Seneca was arrested for alledgedly embezzling $5000; Mrs. Sarah E. Ray, a well-known war nurse, died at the age of 102 in Baltimore; The Grand Scribe of the Michigan Masons died of consumption.Summary: A black man from North Carolina was hanged for killing his wife; An Armour & Co. meat distributing plant in Philadelphia was destroyed by fire; The oldest dormitory at Wesleyan University was destroyed by fire; The top floor of a Cleveland building collapsed, causing two deaths and ten close calls; President Roosevelt asked Congress to appropriate $100,000 to defray the expenses of the United States delegates to the Pan-American congress in Rio de JaneiroSummary: A black man was hanged in South Carolina for rape; A former New Jersey Judge died of a stomach ailment; The Governor of Pennsylvania designated two Fridays in April as Arbor days in Pa.; The wife of the former governor of Maryland died in Washington of a paralytic stroke; Three "foreigners" were killed and a house was destroyed when one of the people tried to open a can of powder with a pick.Summary: Over a million acres of good New Mexico pasture burned in a two day fire; A worker at a West Virgina Steel Plant was struck by a coal car and killed; A formerly strong person from Richmond has become week from five weeks of hiccoughs; The assistant superintendent of the Carlisle(Pa.) Indian training school resigned after twenty years in order to go to England.Summary: Andre Carnegie will give $25,000 to Rio Grande College, an Ohioan theological seminary; A New York man was sentenced to thirty months in prison for illegal voting; Major Livingston Mims, a noted southernor and close friend to Jefferson Davis, died in Atlanta; A merchant from Toledo, Ohio became mentally unstable during a political campaign and shot and killed himself; Twenty people were injured in a North Carolina train wreck.Summary: A man was convicted of murdering two actors in North Carolina and was sentenced to life in prison; A fourteen year-old boy lost both legs trying to board a Reading, Pa. train; The Governor of Pennsylvania vetoed the legislature's resolution to investigate the coal combine; A man wanted in Chicago for killing a woman was arrested in West Virginia; President Roosevelt will appoint the son of a late Major General to West Point.Summary: Lt. General John M. Schofield, the last surviving Civil War army commander died in St. Augustine, Fla. at the age of 75 of a cerebral hemmorrhage. Schofield was born in New York, attended West Point, and had been General in Chief of the United States Army. The article includes several paragraphs about the life and career of the late General.Summary: A woman accidentally shot and killed her sister while inspecting a new revolver.Summary: Attempting to curb crime, the Chicago city council raised the license fee for saloons from $500 to $1000.Summary: A house in Florence, Italy caught fire during a dance, causing sixteen deaths and numerous injuries.Summary: A man was hanged for killing his step-father.Summary: A twelve year old boy shot and killed his nine year old playmate because the boy would not let him join in a game.Summary: A Nebraskan, William J. Bryan, was given much pleasant attention as he visited India on his trip around the world.Summary: Secretary Metcalf of the Department of Commerce and Labor demonstrated that American exports to China had increased despite a Chinese boycott of American goods.Summary: A Polish student released from the Russian bastile fled to London and described his treatment. He was given a small room, inadequate food, and was tortured for sixteen years.
Page 01Summary: Explains the Supreme Court's disposition of a case from Kentucky in which the former Secretary of State was allegedly complict of the murder of Kentucky's governor. The Supreme Court decided that jurisdiction properly lay with the Supreme Court of Kentucky, and that the prisoner and the case should be removed from federal hands.Summary: The writer informs the Richmond Planet about the Excelsior Literary Society of Hot Springs, Va. and its leadership.Summary: Certification that a woman received one hundred dollars in payment for the death-claim of a female member of the Order of Calanthe. The Order of Calanthe is a benevolent and fraternal society of which John Mitchell Jr., the editor of the Richmond Planet, is Grand Worthy Counsellor.Summary: Church news from Plainfield, N.J. including information on a succesful revival, factional discord, and sermons.Summary: A subscriber from Mississippi thanks the Planet for its content, style, and delivery.Summary: The writer tells of the death of a child by fire and encourages greater care in the future.Summary: The writer praises the Planet as essential and remits payment for her subscription.Summary: Informs public that a patriotic sermon will be delivered on Sunday in recognition of war heroes.Summary: Certification that the beneficiary received one hundred dollars in payment for the death-claim of a female member of the Order of Calanthe. The Order of Calanthe is a benevolent and fraternal society of which John Mitchell Jr., the editor of the Richmond Planet, is Grand Worthy Counsellor.Summary: A reader from Ohio remits payment and praises the Planet as essential.Summary: A series of short notices of various personal and social happenings. Inclued are notices of visitation, changes in persons' health, and social meetings. Mentions that Atlanta University beat Fisk University for the second straight year in debate.Summary: Announces a mass meeting for the Juvenile Department of the bands of Calanthe. The Bands of Calanthe are a group of fraternal and benevolent societies, the Virginian order of which is headed by John Mitchell, Jr., the editor of the Richmond Planet.Summary: Recognizes the growth and prosperity of a local church.Summary: Contracts were awarded for the construction of the two main exhibit buildings for the Jamestown Exposition to take place in 1907.Summary: Many of the cattle of a New Jersey woman were poisoned. Police suspect that the damage was done because the woman assisted in the arrest of two men who are scheduled to be hanged in one week.Summary: Two gift totalling $60,000 dollars are due to be given to the University of Virginia. One is from an alumnus working with teh firm of J. Plerpont Morgan in New York, and the other is from a woman of the same state. The money will be used to complete the Univeristy Hospital, and the $10,000 received from the woman are to be used for the special establishment of a ward for black patients for black patients at the hospital.Summary: A movement successfully began to secure a cemetary especially for Chicago's union members.Summary: A ten-year old child playing a game killed his father with a shotgun he thought was not loaded.Summary: The ninety-year old president of the Bank of Deleware passed away.Summary: Announces a farmer's conferences to discuss local crops and possible improvements. Lecturers include government officials and professors.Summary: The Afro-American Emancipation Association announces a meeting to inform all of the reasons for the upcoming Emancipation celebration.Summary: The Afro-American Emancipation Association announces that there will only be one consolidated parade as opposed to two smaller ones. It also encourages black business men to participate with floats. The Association's application to the School Board to cancel school for the day was succesful.Summary: Announces anniversary celebrations for the Knights of Pythias and the Courts of Calanthe. The Knights of Pythias are a constituent group of the Courts of Calanthe. Both are fraternal and benevolent societies.Summary: A Massachusettes woman looks for the family that she left behind when she left Richmond.
Page 04Richmond Planet - March 24, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Short discussion of gas prices in New York and complaints that the gas companies of that state have illegally inflated them.Summary: Gives a dialogue on the floor of congress between Senator Spooner of Wisconsin and Senator Tillman of South Carolina. Indicates that Senator Tillman came off worse, and was made to look foolish.Summary: Comments on the interaction between President Roosevelt and Senator Benjamin Tillman (Dem.) of South Carolina regarding a rail-road rate bill. President Roosevelt thinks that the bill headed by Tillman is very weak, and Tillman in turn thinks the President too agressive and intrusive.Summary: Tells of the case of Caleb Powers, the former Secretary of State, who was convicted of complicity in the murder of Kentucky State Senator, William Goebel. The Supreme Court declared that, when there is no original federal jurisdiction, all state remedies must be exhausted before the U.S. Supreme Court will take cognizance. Once it does, however, the ruling of the Supreme Court goes straight to the trial court, rather than the Supreme Court. The Planet sees this decision as one of high import.Summary: In pre-strike talks between antharcite coal workers and the operators of the mines, operators refused to meet the demands of the workers. These demands included the reduction of hours from 10 to 8, hazard pay, the hiring and supporting of only union workers, and the right to have grievances systematically and fairly heard. The operators countered by deferring to the strike commission which had heard the two sides. The changes and composition of this commission supported were too conservative for the mine workers.Summary: President Roosevelt to this point had taken no steps to prevent a threatened strike by antharcite coal workers.Summary: The Supreme Court decided that the original ninety-nine year grant that Chicago extended to railway companies did not also lay with new tracks created by those companies.Summary: A Pennsylvania railroad worker died under cicumstances suggesting foul play.Summary: Mourners gathered to bury over one thousand who died in a mine explosion near Courrieres, France.Summary: Professor Otto Fuchs died at the age of 67 from pneumonia. Fuchs had been the Director of the Maryland Institute of Art Design for twenty-three years and had been largely reponsible for Andrew Carnegie donating over $250,000 dollars to the school.Summary: A marble monument to the late Senator Quay is planned for the Pennsylvania capital grounds in Harrisburg.Summary: A congressional sub-committe formed to investigate hazing at the Annapolis Naval Academy made its report. It said that the mandatory sentence of expulsion is too strict and a tiered system of punishment should be implemented. The report also concluded that hazing was common, and that it was sometimes countenanced by school officials.Summary: Colonel William D. Mann, editor of Town Topics, was indicted for perjury for his testimony in a case of criminal libel.Summary: A Pittsburg man is critically injuried from injuries sustained when his wagon was struck by a trolley and he was thrown over a fifty foot bluff.Summary: The Supreme Court affirmed the death sentence for an Italian woman from Hackensack, N.J. who was convicted of murder.Summary: A Pennsylvania man was arrested and charged with searching the pockets of a man killed along a railroad.Summary: Andrew Carnegie's spelling reform movement found more opposition than support among British authors.Summary: Susan B. Anthony, the legendary female suffragist, died at the age of 86 from pneumonia. Article gives interesting information about Anthony's life, career, and accomplishments. It mentions her success in giving women property rights and, in six states, the right to be the legal guardian of their children. Also tells of her lecturing, touring, and educative efforts.Summary: The wife of JOhn Alexander Dowie, head of the Zion church, left her husband. She disagreed with the way money was being spent and some of the doctrinal convictions of her husband.Summary: One of a set of enormous twins died of diptheria at the age of four. Her brother weighs 198 pounds.
Page 01Summary: A black man was taken from prison and lynched for the alleged assault on a white girl. The victim had been granted a stay of execution by the U.S. Supreme Court. He reportedly confessed when he was taken from jail, but declared his innocence when the rope was put around his neck. He was hung from a bridge and, when the rope broke, had his body shot many times to insure his death.Summary: A remembrance for a deceased member of the Knights of Pythias. The Knights of Pythias are a fraternal and benevolent society.Summary: Announcement that the Knights of Pythias and the Orders of Calanthe are to celebrate their anniversary seperately. The Knights of Pythias are an all-male subdivision of the Orders of Calanthe; both are fraternal and benevolent societies.Summary: An announcement of a large church gathering.Summary: A new all-female "court" of the Orders of Calanthe was organized in Lynchburg, Va.. The Orders of Calanthe is a benevolent and fraternal society. The induction ceremony was presided over by John Mitchell, Jr., Virginia's Grand Worthy Counsellor, who is also the editor of the Richmond Planet.Summary: A new all-female "court" of the Orders of Calanthe was organized in Roanoke, Va. The Orders of Calanthe is a benevolent and fraternal society. The induction ceremony was presided over by John Mitchell, Jr., Virginia's Grand Worthy Counsellor, who is also the editor of the Richmond Planet.Summary: A new Richmond resident orginally from Newark, NJ will open a female industrial class on sewing, crocheting, and similar uses of needlwork.Summary: Announces the services at a local church, which include preaching from the Field Secretary for the National Baptist Convention and the annual celebration for the Courts of Calanthe, a fraternal and benevolent society.Summary: Announces a tea party given by the Ladies Auxiliary.Summary: A Reverend pleads with Virginia's Baptists to stop intra-dominational feuding. He feels that such discord undermines unity, spiritual values, and fund-raising.Summary: The Editor of the Planet, John Mitchel, Jr. describes a trip he took to Petersburg. The tale includes instances of difficulty with the wagon, two brief ghost stories, and the general conversation between Mitchell and his companions.Summary: Reports on a fairly young but reputable Richmond real estate firm.
Page 04Richmond Planet - March 31, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Says that Senator Benjamin Tillman of South Carolina will not get a railroad bill through the Senate. His efforts to convince others about its value have not been successful, and there are some who object to his comments about President Roosevelt.Summary: Reports that Virginia's legislature has recently adjourned, and says that it was one of the poorest such assemblages in a long while. The editorial says that it doubled its own salary, caused trouble, and passed the "Jim Crow" street car bill. Says that those advocates of the segregationist bill who said that some Richmond blacks favored it were wrong to the point of being humorous. Rather, Richmond African-Americas fought the bill and continued to fight it.Summary: Reports that a subtle change in a Virginia state bill would have rendered it inoperative and disadvantaged some whites. Says that blacks cannot be continuously disadvantaged and cheated without the same happening to whites. The bill hoped to render blacks politically ineffective to keep "honest, justice-loving white men of means and respectability" from office.Summary: A black man was taken from jail and lynched for allegedly assaulting a white girl after the Supreme Court had granted him a stay of execution. [See headline on first page.] The editorial says that this occurence shows the contempt lynchers have for the law and hopes that the Supreme Court will act with speed and firmness to preserve its dignity and authority.Summary: Praises a speech given by Richmond Mayor McCarthy at the Academy of Music. Reports that the Mayor has made some mistakes, but is well-meaning and is a person of principle. Also notes that the Mayor made some credible charges about corrupt city politics and administration and notes that the purging of blacks from politics has not served to purify such matters as some had argued.Summary: Tells of the recent bombardment of six hundred men, women, and children in the Phillipines, and gives a speech on the matter by Rev. Dr. Chas. H. Parkhurst of New York. Rev. Parkhurst finds the military operation loathsome and an embarrassment to the United States. He is surprised and dissapointed to find that President Roosevelt applauded the operation, in light of the American program of "benevolent assimilation." The Planet's editorial agrees completely with Parkhurst's feelings.Summary: Reports that a recent earthquake in Formossa, Japan reportedly killed thousands and caused $45,000,000 in damage.Summary: Reports from the New York "World" says that William Rockefeller, brother of John D. Rockefeller is in Europe and has stomach cancer.Summary: A British steamship running from Peru to New York that ran ashore near Atlantic City was successfully floated and will be inspected for damage.Summary: Tells of two apprehended Italians, reported to be leader of the "Black Hand" criminal organization in the region. They allegedly extorted money and intimidated people who resisted them. The judge set the bail at 18,000 per person to prevent flight.Summary: A man shot and killed another for supposedly prejudicing his sweetheart against him.Summary: Twelve miners died when a snowslide struck their boarding house.Summary: Reports that former president Grover Cleveland left his home in Princeton and travelled to Florida in order to improve his health.Summary: Three workers on the Atlantic City railroad died when an embankment collapsed.Summary: Reports that Tomas Estrada Palma was unanimously re-elected president of the Cuban Republic.Summary: Reports that the Russian premier has suggested that he would retire and be replaced by the former minister of finance.Summary: Twenty robbers escaped with over 425,000 dollars from one of Moscow's largest banks.Summary: A black man sentenced to hang for mnurdering a toll-gate keeper escaped and, after eluding searchers for two weeks, was recaptured.Summary: A commission appointed to make reccomendations on how to improve New Jersey's judicial system reported back with several ideas that would increase efficency and streamline the judicial mechanism.Summary: A mother and her child were struck by a train while driving across a railroad track.Summary: A cashier and a lawyer of a bank face indictment for embezzlement and consipracy in excess of fifty thousand dollars.Summary: Reports that the Supreme Court is considering investigating a Tennessee mob which took a black man from jail and lynched him. The man had been granted a stay of execution by the Supreme Court.Summary: Reports on a suit over a large amount of securities and real estate involved in the estate of a deceased Pittsburg millionaire coal operator.Summary: A congressional sub-committee reported on hazing at the Naval Academy in Annapolis. The report suggested, among other things, that a graduated system of discipline be employed, rather than the automatic dismissal currently employed.Summary: A fourteen year old boy shot and killed his sixteen year old friend after an argument over a ring.Summary: The North Carolina Pine Association will hold its annual meeting in Norfolk; A Philadelphia girl dies from injuries sustained from a fall while jumping rope; A railroad worker was struck and killed by a train while clearing the tracks of snow; A Georgia warehouse was destroyed by fire, incurring a 175,000 dollars loss.Summary: The publisher of the Washington Evening News died suddenly; A well known minister of Georgia died at the age of seventy-seven; Five women were injured and three killed when hot metal exploded in a Pennsylvania mill; Appropriations were approved for a temporary home for soldiers and sailors in Washington.Summary: Several stores were destroyed by fire in Pennsylvania; The father of Army Captain John Pershing died; Four guests died in a hotel fire in Michigan; A New York iron worker was sentenced to one year for assaulting a non-union worker; A Tennessee doctor was arrested for murdering a woman; A machine tool company was destroyed by fire in Cincinnati.Summary: A man was ejected from the Royal Arcanum in Rome, New York for improper conduct; Three men were wounded and one was killed in a Chicago bar fight; Trustees of the New York Life Insurance company failed to pay back a $148,000 that was presented to the Republican campaign fund.Summary: The U.S. Supreme Court recessed until April 2; A Pennsylvania man arrested for bigamy attempted suicide; Postal appropriations increased by about 5 percent, or ten million dollars; A clerk in Buffalo;s city controller's office committed suicide during an investigation of his accounts.Summary: The body of an anarchist was cremated in Cincinnati; The pension appropriation bill in the amount of 140 million dollars was passed by the Senate; A railroad snow plow hit a horse and killed the three men who operated it; A prominent Pennsylvania lawyer died suddenly during a legal investigation in Michigan; A Pennsylvania train ran into lumber on a track and the engineer was killed.
Page 01Summary: A couple was married as the bride lay dying. She was only married for seven hours.Summary: The writer of this letter opposses a bill that would reduce southern representation because the southern states prohibit the majority of African-Americans from voting. He feels this way because if southern representation was reduced pursuant to the fourteenth amendment, the blacks who could vote at the time would certainly be disfranchised. He sees the fifteenth amendment as forbidding this result, and so thinks that the plan is unconstitutional.Summary: Reports on the large and successful celebrations of anniversaries of the Knights of Pythias and the Courts of Calanthe. The Knights of Pythias is a male fraternal and benevolent society, and the Courts of Calanthe is its female counterpart.Summary: Governor Vardaman of Virginia admitted to kicking over a black convict who was shining his shoes and beating him with a broom because he "made some impudent remark."Summary: Follows up the above article, and says that Governor Vardaman should be investigate rigorously, because the prison board recently prosecuted a guard for cruel and inhuman treatment of a white convict.Summary: A man from Tennessee reports that in that state, Emancipation is celebrated on the ninth of April, whereas in Virginia it is celebrated on April 3rd. He says that this is because April 9th was the day when freed men and women found out about their freedom and rejoiced and celebrated. He tells of the Tennessee celebration, which includes fellowship and good food, and sends his good wishes for a successful Virginia celebration this year.Summary: Gives plans for the marching route for the Emancipation Celebration coming up on April 3rd.Summary: Certifies that John Mitchell, Jr., the Grand Chancellor of the Knights of Pythias and the editor of the Planet, paid the $150.00 death claim on a deceased member of the organization. The Knights of Pythias is a fraternal and benevolent society.Summary: Reports that Sarah Bernhardt performed in the play "Camille" in a Dallas circus tent in front of five thousand people.Summary: A New York merchant left the Tuskegee institute an amount which is estimated at $665,000.Summary: Reports that the Evening Herald has had receivers appointed, but will continue operations until further notice.Summary: Speaks about the case of an African-American man who was granted a stay of execution by the Supreme Court, but was taken from his Tennessee jail and lynched. Says that prosecution of the members of the mob may come under the federal laws making it a felony to conspire to deprive a person federal rights, or to injure him from having sought to excercise those rights.Summary: Gives several items of news from the Philadelphia African-American community. These include reports about the opening of a new black resort in Atlantic city; concerts and celebrations; and church news.Summary: Reports that the Knights of Pythias of Louisville, Ky. are raising money for a celebration and asks that, to insure the proper receipt of donations, all interested parties contact the Executive Chairman in Louisville. The Knights of Pythias is a fraternal and benevolent society.
Page 04Richmond Planet - April 07, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Says that Senator Benjamin Tillman of South Carolina is so grateful to Senator Aldrich, who appointed Tillman over an important bill, that he is being led around by Aldrich. The bill is to regulate railroad rates, and the editorial suggests that Aldrich is not in favor of it and is influencing Tillman in that direction.Summary: The former president of Mutual Life Insurance company is facing several suits from the company, including one for fraudulent and corrupt conspiracy. The total amount sued for is over five million dollars.Summary: Two German soldiers crossed the Baltic Sea in a snow storm and had to make a dangerous emergancy landing.Summary: Andrew Carnegie made a new gift of two million dollars to the Carnegie Technical Schools of Pittsburg.Summary: Three employees and two other men were arrested in connection with the collapse of the Enterprise National Bank of Pittsburg. Apparently the men conspired to systematically withdraw more money than the criminal customer had on account.Summary: Two black men were hanged for the murder of a woman from Moorestown, New Jersey.Summary: A contractor received a city job to remove bodies from an old cemetary, and paid one-third of the profits to the officials who gave him the contract. He had been convicted of grand larceny and the officials who were complicit in the scheme now face arrest.Summary: An employee of the Hudson County, N.J. almshouse and his dog drowned in a reservoir.Summary: Reports that the dry dock Dewey passed Gibraltar during bad weather, but that all was well on board.Summary: A black prisoner at the county farm near Corsicans, Tex. set a fire in his cell in order to escape, but instead killed himself and four others.Summary: Warrants were requested without specific suspects in order to test the legality of contributions of insurance companies to political campaign committees.Summary: An Iowa preacher was struck by lightning during a sermon and died an hour later.Summary: Several buildings in Johnstown, Pa. were destroyed by fire at a loss of over $700,000.Summary: Seven family members were killed when a train struck their wagon.Summary: Ohio passed a law raising the liquor tax from $350 to $1000. It was predicted that the law would drive half of the saloons, or about 6000, out of business.Summary: New Jersey's legislature almost unanimously passed a bill creating county boards of taxation.Summary: Three track repairmen were killed and one was injured when they were struck by a tunnel.Summary: A grandson died in a fire trying to save his grandmother, who also perished.Summary: Two arguing church factions began a gun fight at a church social which resulted in one death and several injuries.Summary: A father shot and mortally wounded his daughter and shot and killed himself rather than let her be married and leave him.Summary: A federal judge was appointed receiver for a set of mills made financially insecure by the failure of their supporting bank.Summary: A Pennsylvania congressman died suddenly in Washington; Almost twenty families lost their homes in a New Jersey fire; The world record in blindfold typewriting was broken by a Chicago woman who wrote 4007 words in 60 minutes; A Philadelphia woman committed suicide by inhaling gas; A doctor from Norfolk, Va. was found not guilty on a charge of having performed a criminal operation on a woman.Summary: A state bill to legalize pool selling at Ohio race tracks was defeated; A New Jersey man committed suicide by swalling carbolic acid; Two workers were killed in a New York train wreck; A 300 acre Delaware farm was sold at a sheriff's auction for $35,000; The former South Carolina state railroad comissioner died of heart disease on his farm.Summary: A famous summer resort in Pennsylvania was destroyed by fire; General Julio Sanguilly, famous from the Cuban revolution, died in Havana; A man from New York dropped dead at the funeral of his sister in Pennsylvania; A bill was introduced in Congress asking that $50,000 be appropriated for a bronze statue of Samuel J. Tilden; A Pennsylvania man committed suicide with dynamite.Summary: Five family members of a minor Mexican president were killed by Yaqui Indians; The President of Western Reserve University reported in a Chicago lecture that no more than five percent of college graduates go bad; Two employees of a St. Louis powder plant were killed when a stray spark caused an explosion; A young Pennsylvania boy broke his arm with scissors while cutting pictures from a paper.Summary: A gas explosion destroyed two dry good stores in Iowa; Andrew Carnegie will give $25,000 dollars to Roanoke (Va.) College if a like sum is raised; A fire in Fayetville, North Carolina destroyed 11 buildings; An 40 year associate of the Baltimore Sun died of pneumonia at the age of 69; A policeman from Harrisbur, Pa. was acquitted of murder for shooting a 12 year old African-American boy who fled after robbing a jewelry store.Summary: A gasoline engine in Pennslvania exploded and destroyed a dozen buildings; A department store in Reading, Pa. made an assignment. Its liabilities were $35,000 and its assets $50,000; A black man from New York was convicted of abducting white women and detaining them in an African-American resort was sentenced to twenty years in prison.Summary: A stage driver rode eight and a half hours over mountain trails, at night, in minus seventy degree weather, in order to get fresh milk to the ailing wife of a millionaire mine operator.Summary: A hanging of three murderers in Australia went awry when the Chief Warden fell through the trapdoor and one of the criminals had his hands unbound and grasped desperately at the rope around his neck.Summary: A man and woman from Wisconsin married for the third time after two divorces.
Page 01Summary: Encourages women to be pure and kind and anxious to please.Summary: A nurse complains that she was removed from her position by the Board of Directors of the Richmond Hospital without a hearing and without consideration.Summary: Announces a local wedding.Summary: Announcement of services for a late member of the Knights of Pythias. The Knights of Pythias are a fraternal and benevolent society of which John Mitchell, Jr., the editor of the Planet, is Virginia's Grand Chancellor.Summary: Certifies that John Mitchell, Jr. paid the benficiary of a death claim for a member of the Order of Calanthe. The Order of Calanthe is a female social and benevolent society.Summary: Comments that the Emancipation Celebration of April 3rd passed off well, but seems underwhelmed in tone.Summary: A long-time reader from New York City apologizes for paying his subscription late, remits payment, and commends the paper for its work and quality.Summary: The local home of a black family, without insurance, burned down. Says that two white ladies helped try to put out the flames but to no avail.Summary: Condemns the speech of Richmond Mayor McCarthy at the Ice Exchange Convention in Richmond. The Mayor said that the "stars and stripes are all right in their way" but that he only recognized the battle flag of Virginia and the Confederate flag. When the African Methodist Episcopal Bishop Henry M. Turner condemned the American flag, he was criticized for his lack of patriotism. The writer says that Bishop Turner has more reason to feel animosity toward the American flag, though he is still wrong. The letter also says that Mayor McCarthy is hypocritical because he has Irish ancestry. The Irish, the writer charges, complain about lack of representation and oppression from England, but stand near the front in the United States in mistreating African-Americans.Summary: Certifies that John Mitchell, Jr. paid the death claim of the beneficiary of a Knight of Pythias. John Mitchell, Jr. is the editor of the Planet and the Grand Chancellor of the Virginia chapter of the Knights of Pythias, a fraternal and benevolent society.Summary: Reports that one of New York's largest merchnats says that arrangements are being made in Paris, London, and New York to overthrow President Castro of Venezuala and open up the counry to "American capitalism and enterprise." A private army was allegedly being paid and outfitted to expel or kill the President.Summary: President Roosevelt's Secretary was thrown from his horse but not seriously injured.Summary: A well-known farmer of the area was killed when run over by a hay wagon.Summary: Reports that the Planet has been invited to a reception for Major Allen Allensworth's retirement from the Army. The Major had been promoted to Lt. Colonel.Summary: Mrs. Roosevelt (the first lady) and three of her children received an honorable reception upon visiting Cuban President Palma.Summary: Thomas J. Wainwright, reported to be one of the country's most succesful criminals, was arrested in New York for robbing the home of Minneapolis millionaire and absconding with over $100,000.Summary: A young woman died by ingesting carbolic acid when her sweetheart left town.Summary: Major General Charles Miller of the Pennsylvania National Guard resigned to attend to his business.Summary: A man crashed into a telephone pole in Haverford, Pa., killing himself and critically injuring his wife.Summary: A letter from the editor of black paper from Pensacola, Florida. He mentions a recent situation when two "prominent" African-American women were told to move to the back of a jim crow car. The editor emphatically criticizes blacks who take jim crow street cars in spite of the humiliation suffered thereby. He says that blacks should walk so long as they relegated to second-class citizenship, because this puts economic pressure on those who degrade them, it preserves dignity, and it is no great hardship anyway.Summary: Tells of a fine celebration of the first anniversary of an new "Court of Calanthe." The Court of Calanthe is a social and benevolent society for women.Summary: Certifies that John Mitchell, Jr. paid the death claim of the beneficiary of a Knight of Pythias. John Mitchell, Jr. is the editor of the Planet and the Grand Chancellor of the Virginia chapter of the Knights of Pythias, a fraternal and benevolent society.
Page 04Richmond Planet - April 14, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Reports that there have been no advances in investigating a Tennessee lynchng. The victim had granted a stay of execution by the Supreme Court, but that night was taken from jail and lynched. There was also an attempt to burn the house of al local pastor who condemned the actions of the mob. The editorial charges that the government is not doing everything it can to find the perpetrators because local community sentiment is against it.Summary: Disparages South Carolina Senator Ben Tillman. Tillman was put in charge of a railroad rates bill, but the editorial says that he has been a complete failure and has antagonized President Roosevelt, who previously supported him.Summary: A meeting between the operators of Pennsylvania strike operators and the mine workers failed to make any headway, as neither side would make any concessions. The mine workers main requests were for shorter work days and increased pay.Summary: In the tension surrounding a strike of antharcite mine workers, a mine operator's company man was shot.Summary: Mine workers were not dissapointed that negotiations between themselves and the operators were not successful. Good feeling still existed and a temporary break in talks had been declared.Summary: Reports that more striking mine workers in the Pittsburg area are returning to work.Summary: One train worker was killed and another seriously injured in a train collision in Pennsylvania.Summary: An Alabama Representative introduced a bill to segregate street cars for whites and African-Americans under fine of $100.
Page 01Summary: Enthusiastically describes the Emancipation Day Celebration of April 3rd. There was a twelve mile parade, excercises on horses, diplays of the American and Emancipation flag, and speakers.Summary: A man posing as an African-American lawyer from Los Angeles perpetrated some frauds on Richmond citizens and was being searched for by police.Summary: Two black men from Grayson County, Va. were sentenced to hang for killing another. The victim had been the father of one of the men.Summary: Certifies that the wife of a deceased Knight of Pythias received $150.00 in satisfaction of a death claim from John Mitchell, Jr. John Mitchell, Jr. is the editor of the Richmond Planet and the Grand Chancellor of the Virginia order of the Knights of Pythias, a fraternal and benevolent society.Summary: Describes a newly designed, extra large coach received by the funeral director.Summary: Describes the pleasing closing ceremony of a local school of music.Summary: Reports that the revival at a local Baptist Church has been very successful, with a large attendance and many converts.Summary: Describes the organization of a meeting by the Board of Control for the Virginia Bands of Calanthe. The Bands of Calanthe is a social and benevolent society composed of male and female divisions.
Page 04Richmond Planet - April 21, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Condemns the bitter and public internal fueding of the National Baptist Convention. Says that the president of the organization is very able and should be receiving the support of all. Any crticism should be privately delivered, not printed in the newspapers.Summary: Talks about the political manuevarings regarding the passage of a railroad rate bill, an important piece of congressional legislation. Says that President Roosevelt is trying to manage both parties and this will prove ineffective. Also suggests that he is a prisoner to financial interests and expediency and so has become distracted from larger issues of justice, such as those affecting African-Americans.Summary: Speaks about a case regarding an "all white" lot in Fulton Park. The contracts for purchase apparently forbade sale to African-Americans. The editorial says that if the injunction against such sale is upheld by the Supreme Court of Appeals, then citizens of Virginia are being limited in their rights, and equality and justice have been degraded.Summary: Describes a speech given by Secretary Taft at Tuskegee Institute (AL). Secretary Taft's speech seemed to endorse the southern position that African-Americans were not yet suited for poliical life. This editorial says that northerners like Taft had been the politicians looked to for support, but that they are deferring to the powerful southern interests in formulating and expressing their ideas. It goes on to argue that the black vote may be legitimately abridged, but that this must be on non-racial grounds, and so must apply equally to whites.Summary: A Mississippi sheriff, indicted for whipping African-Americans, openly vowed that even if convicted, he will face no punishment from the United States. The sheriff brought with him to the trial 200 people, which the editorial sees as a mob to protect him if he is found guilty. The editorial believes that the federal government and its courts must act decisively to preserve respect for themselves and security for American citizens.Summary: Says that the acts of the last Virginia legislature were incompetent and embarrassing. As African-Americans and some poor whites were excluded from politics, it was argued that politics would be purified and the level of statesmanship would rise dramatically. Instead, the editorial insists, open corruption and fraud have been rampant. Gives the example of a bill that was supposed to appropriate $5000 for a school for the deaf and mute. Instead, when the governor was to sign the bill, it was discovered that the appropriation figure had been struck out, leaving the bill an empty shell. The editorial says that occurrences like this are worse than anything that happened during the "palmiest days of Reconstruction rule."Summary: Discusses a bill introduced by Congressman J. Thomas Hefflin, attempting to set up segregated street cars in the District of Columbia. Says that Mr. Hefflin and other southern statesman won approval to structure their own states as they wished, but that they have no right to inflict these mores on other sections of the country. Also subtly suggests that the desires of these individuals are hypocritical at any rate, as they wish for racial separation during the day but "the union of races in the night time for which some members of his race sigh."
Page 02Summary: The first half of a report of a carnivalistic lynching from Springfield, Missouri. Three black men were taken from jail and burned to death before the courthouse. Two of the men had been accused of "assaulting" a white woman and beating her companion, and the other man had been accused of killing an elderly white soldier. The police thought that the two accused rapists were innocent, as the woman had failed to identify them, but the mob broke into the jail and the sheriff's home, and seized the men. The next portion is the main story of next week's paper.Summary: Announces that a popular preacher will be heading Sunday's evening service at a local Baptist church.Summary: Letter from the Emancipation Association who held a celebration on April third. Asks that all participants come to a meeting to hear reports and discuss important business.Summary: Announces that as the African Methodist Episcopal Church is holding its district conference in Richmond, several of their pastors will be preaching in local churches.Summary: Various small social items from Richmond including notices from a temperance professor, and visits from friends.Summary: Describes the San Francisco earthquake of April eighteenth. Reports that about one thousand lost their lives, two thousand were injured, twenty thousand people were made homeless, and the damage from fire and the quake amount to about two hundred million dollars.Summary: A letter from the Baptist National Convention discussing the activities of African and South American missionaries and asking for spiritual and material support from those in sympathy.Summary: A letter from the heads of a local lodge of the Supreme Grand Order of the Woman's Corner Stone Society declaring their severance from that order. Instead, the women have formed an independent benevolent society.Summary: Several pieces of news from the Richmond Hospital including informations about operations and patients and a request for fifteen nurses.Summary: Announces a new resort, Island Park, for African-Americans located in the James River. The resort features boating, fishing, "vaudeville amusements" and games. Says that it is primarily for blacks but will not turn away whites.
Page 04Richmond Planet - April 28, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Says that black men should encourage their children to be obliging and polite to white and black men.Summary: Refers to a recent speech given by Secretary Taft at Tuskeegee Institute where he declared blacks presently unfit for political life. Compares this humiliation to the marginalization of Phillipine natives at the hands of Americans. Says that people of color should band together for mutual prosperity.Summary: Talks about an "amusing" recent Supreme Court decision where it was decided that a man could be married in Connecticut but divorced in New York. Says that when Secretary Taft is put on the Court, he may craft decisions with even stranger results.Summary: Reports on a recent Richmond City Council investigation of the Health Department, which determined that it was poorly run. The editorial says that was "as self-evident proposition" and thinks that the decision to get even more sanitary workers is foolish.Summary: Reports with amused admiration on a new conviction of President Roosevelt's that seems to abandon Republican principles and take on a Populist or Socialist cast. The President remarked that all bequets above a certain amount given to another should be subject to a graduated tax to dissolve "those fortunes swollen beyond all healthy limits." The Richmond Times-Dispatch declared that such a plan would "put a limit upon human endeavor."Summary: Discusses the recent lynching and burning of two black men in Springield, Missouri. The editorial states that the innocence of the two men was afterward proved, but that the barbarity of the incident does not stem only from this. The men were not afforded adequate protection and were not given a chance to defend themselves. The writer recomends a harsh and swift punishment for the guilty parties.Summary: Senator Benjamin Tillman of South Carolina, one of the Planet's favorite enemies, has some into conflict with President Roosevelt again. Tillman reported that Roosevelt's Assistant Secretary and Washington's Postmaster had a personal part in the forcible and embarassing removal of a woman from the White House. President Roosevelt seems to hint that this is a slander and scoundrelous behavior, which sentiment the Planet completely endorses.Summary: The coal operators of Pennsylvania's antharcite coal region refused to re-arbitrate fundamental questions about their business with the mine workers.Summary: Anticipating a strike by many Pennsylvania mine workers, operators of the mines began to import black cooks and washers and make plans for the housing of hundreds of workers.Summary: Says that five thousand men broke into a prison and hung and burned three men, two who were charged with "assaulting" a white woman and the third with murdering a white man. Says that after the three were dead, the mob went back to search for another black prisoner, but all but six had escaped.Summary: Reports that a recent Supreme Court decision has rendered invalid all divorces except those that occurred when both parties resided in the same jursidiction. Several attorneys opined that the decision would mean chaos for rights of inheritance and property, because children and spouses of a second marriage could not legally inherit.Summary: Says that members of the South Dakota divorce colony plan to go ahead with their divorces regardless of a recent Supreme Court decision complicating these legal procedures.Summary: One person was killed and six others injured when an automobile collided with a horse and buggy.Summary: A man was given five years in prison and a five thousand dollar fine for breaking the laws with "various forms of frenzied finance."Summary: Gives part of President's Roosevelt's speech at the laying of the corner-stone for the office building for the house of representatives. The President first decried muck-rakers and those who focused only on the worst aspects of public life, often exaggerating or lying about things to create a sensation. Then he turns to the problem of tremedous wealth and the problems of over-capitalization. He says that the government has begun to address these problems by seekiing railroad-rate legislation in Congress. The President also suggests seeking a graduated tax to stop the bequests or inheritance or unreasonable fortunes.Summary: Rescue operations began as the eruption of Mount Vesuvius subsided. Estimates put the damage at twenty million dollars and fifty thousand homeless.Summary: President Roosevelt urged Congress to adopt stringent new legislation governing insurance companies, in order to prevent the repetition of recent scandals and abuses.Summary: All 59 Pennsylvania insurance companies pledged to dismiss any agent or employee who violated the law by giving rebates.Summary: A young boy was killed when a baseball player hit a ball into the crowd.
Page 01Summary: Relates the second half (from last week) of a grisly lynching in Springfield, Missouri. Two black men were burned and another was hanged. The crowd reportedly applauded and cheered the men's pain and treated the victim's body parts as trophies and toys. The police did not enter the scene until they thought it safe, the next morning. It is alleged that the men were innocent.Summary: Reports that the Annual Virginia Conference of the A.M.E. Church in Richmond recently ended. Says that the conference supplied visisting ministers to every black church of the city, regardless of denomination. Gives a list of church appointments for the Richmond, Norfolk, Portsmouth, and Roanoke districts.Summary: Reports that a wealthy African-American man of Knoxville, TN recently donated a $2000 building in that city for the "Colored Young Men's Christian Association" in honor of his late wife.Summary: A poem that saids that nobility arises not from birth or circumstance, but from personal conviction, courage, and character. Also commends those blacks who have made themselves noble despite many disadvantages.Summary: Announces that a new organization has been formed, the National Cemetary Memorial Association. This organization honors the graves of memories of war heroes interred in Richmond's National Cemetary and asks for support from other societies.Summary: A 17 year-old African-American boy was lynched by seven men in Oakwoods, Tex. Seven men took him from from the custody of officers who had arrested him for entering the house of a widow.Summary: Says that the Founder and President of the Temperance Industrial and Collegiate Institute at Claremont, Va. hopes to rebuild a hall by mid-September. Another new building is planned, but the grounds of the school are in generally good condition.Summary: A prisoner from Montana serving a six-year sentence for manslaughter sent the Planet a horsehair lady's watch chain. He wants the Planet to start a raffle for the chains and bridles to assist him in his legal difficulties. The Planet believes that postal regulations forbid it from doing as requested.Summary: The writer commends the Planet on its work in support of African-Americans and says that he thinks that reading it will provide a fine education for his children.Summary: The writer, a Reverend from the District of Columbia, commends the Planet on its work in support of African-Americans and says that he has been reading the paper for twenty years and thinks that it is one of the finest black newspapers in America. Hopes that one day racists come to believe that all men are of one blood.Summary: Offers admiration for Dr. W.F. Graham, the new pastor of a local Baptist Church. Says that under his leadership the church has prospered and should continue to do so.Summary: An African-American prisoner on death row was baptised while handcuffed in a Farmville, Va. Baptist church.Summary: A noted African-American real estate broker was arrested for having made a loan and holding the pension papers of the lendee as collateral. The article says that there is no evidence of criminal intent and an acquittal was likely.Summary: John Mitchell, Jr., the Grand Chancellor of the Virginia Order of the Knights of Pythias, delayed the meeting of the order because the white order had selected the same time and place. The Knights of Pythias is a fraternal and benevolent society. John Mitchell, Jr. is also the editor of the Richmond Planet.Summary: Contains several pieces of information about patients at the Richmond Hospital.
Page 04Richmond Planet - May 05, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Talks about the recent lynching and burning of three black men in Springfield, Mo. Says that those who did not work to stop the lynching are also guilty, and that the sheriff should have fired on the mob. Believes that the best or only way to stop "lynch-law" is meeting it with force, and hopes that the men involved in the recent lynching will be prosecuted to the fullest.Summary: Discusses the latest Washington episode involving Senator Tillman of South Carolina. Tillman had charged Illinois Senator Hopkins with exerting undue influence for the protection of certain persons involved in a banking scandal. Hopkins denied the charge and countered with reports that Senator Tillman had endorsed lynching for crimes and to suppress the African-American vote in his state. The Richmond Planet, a vocal enemy of Senator Tillman, says that it hopes such encounters will continue and thereby "relegate him to that obscurity which he so richly deserves."Summary: Praises the African-Americans who have withheld their patronage from street cars in protest to the institution of Jim Crow. Says that white charges that blacks force others not to ride is untrue, and that only appeals to pride and self-respect have been used.Summary: Certifies that John Mitchell, Jr. paid the death claim of a deceased Knight of Pythias. As well as being the editor of the Richmond Planet, John Mitchell, Jr. is also the Grand Chancellor of the Virginia order of the Knights of Pythias, a fraternal and benevolent society.Summary: Certifies that John Mitchell, Jr. paid the death claim of a deceased member of the Courts of Calanthe. As well as being the editor of the Richmond Planet, John Mitchell, Jr. is also the Grand Worthy Counsellor of the Virginia order of the Courts of Calanthe, a social and benevolent society.Summary: Certifies that John Mitchell, Jr. paid the death claim of a deceased Knight of Pythias. As well as being the editor of the Richmond Planet, John Mitchell, Jr. is also the Grand Chancellor of the Virginia order of the Knights of Pythias, a fraternal and benevolent society.Summary: Reports on the destruction and disaster efforts stemming from the San Francisco earthquake. Says that at least one thousand people lost their lives, and that property damage amounted to three hundred million dollars. Also claims that reports that aid was being discriminatorily given are false. The article adopts an entusiastic air about San Francisco's rebirth.Summary: Reports that in the aftermath of the San Francisco earthquake, starving dogs were seen eating the remains of victims.Summary: A young woman injured in the San Francisco earthquake reported that as she lay unconscious, one of her fingers was cut off in order that a thief might obtain her rings.Summary: Three noted members of San Francisco's Earthquake Relief Committee were fired on, resulting in two injuries and one death. They were shot by members of the citizen's patrol who claimed that the car the committee members were in did not stop when challenged.Summary: Survivors of the San Francisco earthquake described the moving scenes that followed the disaster. Intoxicated people on the wharfs where burned in the fires without knowing it, explosions occurred all around them as houses were razed, and they had a difficult and tiring time fleeing the city.Summary: Reports that over twenty million dollars has been secured for victims of the recent san Francisco earthquake. Donors include the United States, different cities and states, and foreign countries with significant American presences.
Page 01Summary: Reports on a case of jealousy and murder from Atlanta. A woman killed her sister because she was having a blatant affair with the murderess's husband. The defendant said that she killed her sister to save her from dishonor, that all entreaties to cease had filled, and to protect her young son from scorn. It only took a jury ten minuted to find her not guilty. The participants were all white.Summary: John Mitchell, Jr., the editor of the Richmond Planet and the Grand Chancellor of the Virginia Order of the Knights of Pythias presided over the institution of a new lodge in Buckingham County, Va. The Knights of Pythias is a fraternal and benevolent society.Summary: Several items of news concerning patients at the Richmond Hospital.Summary: The prosecution of a judge from Petersburg, Va. for larceny of a bale of cotton was dismissed because the defendant had already been acquitted in a different court.Summary: A poem celebrating the return of spring.Summary: Gives a list of children of different grades who made the honor roll.Summary: Announces a celebration for the Odd Fellow's sixty-third anniversary to take place at a local Baptist Church.
Page 04Richmond Planet - May 12, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Expresses a belief that President Roosevelt subtly criticized Senator Bejamin Tillman of South Carolina in a speech. Tillman mad much of the forcible removal of a woman from the White House, but never protested the lynching and abuse of African-Americans in his own state.Summary: Tells of an extended and frightening fight in Mt. carmel, Pa. between foreign mine wokers and police.Summary: Includes a letter from New Orleans which defends socialism, says that it is in accord with biblical principles, and says that it is the ideal political system for African-American embrace. The Planet argues that socialism, perfectly implemented, would be heaven on earth, but that there is little hope in such implementation. Expresses unshakeable faith in the Republican Party, the central documents of the American Republic and hard-work and integrity. Says that at present these offer the best opportunity for African-American advancement.Summary: U.S. Secret Service agents found two tons of unfinished lottery tickets in Wilmington.Summary: Twenty-three idle mine workers were killed in a confrontation with police. Tensions in the antharcite region of Pennsylvania had been high since operations were suspended due to conflicts between mine workers and operators. The mine workers reportedly started the fracas by hurling stones at the policeman.Summary: The mine operators of the antharcite region of Pennsylvania refused to alter their position in spite of a demand of the mine workers. The mine operators insisted that the workers accept for three years the compensation determined by a strike commission or else allow the commission to determine any changes.Summary: Operators in the antharcite region made ready for a threatened strike, even though most observers believed that a strike could be averted. Their preparations included producing a large surplus of coal and readying replacement workers.Summary: A boy was killed and his sister was severely injured when they were struck by a bolt of lightning.Summary: A large three-month revival in Philadelphia ended with a testimonial and hymn singing.Summary: A man from Brooklyn Heights, Md. came home intoxicated, "assaulted" his twelve-year old dollar, and was shot by his wife. She was not arrested and it was announced that there would be no prosecution.Summary: A black man accused of "assaulting" a white woman was guarded by the state militia in order to prevent a lynching. The article says that the prisoner's removal to the Fredericksburg prison was probable.Summary: A man was killed and his six-year old son severely injured when they were struck by an electric car while crossing a bridge.Summary: An eighteen-year old boy drowned while swimming in a pond.Summary: The New Jersey Secretary of State appointed agents to grant licenses and register automobiles in Newark, Trenton, Jersey City, Camden, and Phillipsburg.Summary: A man from Morocco was sentenced to be crucified for killiing thirty-six women and burying their bodies beneath his store.Summary: A mentally-ill Pennsylvania woman killed herself with a knife at the age of 108.Summary: A severe storm in Branchville, Va. killed small animals, fowl, and two horses.
Page 01Summary: The Virginia Bapt. State Convention convened in Norfolk with many of the most important public African-Americans of Virginia attending. Although the convention was actually split by two contentious factions, there were no external signs of dissension. The convention gathered to discuss spiritual issues and those relating to the material and intellectual uplift of African-Americans. A central theme of the convention was on African-Americans doing things for themselves.Summary: Reports that the pastor of a local Baptist chuch was given a new suit by his congregation.Summary: Gives the schedule for the Virginia Union Commencement Excercise.Summary: Announces the institution of a new lodge of the Knights of Pythias in Falls River, Mass. The Knights of Pythias is a fraternal and benevolent society and John Mitchell, Jr, the editor of the Planet, is the Grand Chancellor of the Virginia Order.Summary: Says that if "you like to laugh" you should pay the ten cents admission fee and attend Leigh Street Methodist Church Monday night.Summary: A mystically informed report on the weather forecast for the next two weeks.Summary: Announces The Rage: The Greenville Debating society at Leigh St. Methodist Church. Admittance is ten cents.Summary: Certifies that John Mitchell, Jr. paid the death claim of a deceased member of the the Court of Calanthe. The Court of Calanthe is a social and benevolent society of which John Mitchell, Jr., the editor of the Planet, is the Grand Worthy Counsellor.
Page 04Richmond Planet - May 19, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Says that new discoveries have completely validated President Roosevelt's battle against trusts, particularly the Standard Oil and Sugar trusts.Summary: Talks about a Mississippi lynching in which a black man was hung for killing the horse of a constable during an arrest. Says that since almost any crime involving a white person and a black man will result in death, the African-American may as well go to death fighting rather than be meekly lynched. The only way lynch will be abated, says the editorial, is when the victims meet mobs with all the force at their disposal. Uses as an example a Tennessee case where a white man killed a member of a mob who had attacked his home. The rest of the mob fled and their target was never bothered again.Summary: A Mississippi sheriff indicted for whipping blacks dared the government to convict him, but was found guilty. He and three hundred others were given twenty-five dollar fines and a suspended three month prison sentence, depending on good behavior. The editorial says that it is amusing that a sheriff convicted of breaking the law continues to hold office, but such is simply an example of the disrespect for the law common in the section.Summary: The son of General W. T. Sherman was to accompany an army detachment along the route employed by his father through the South. The Senator from Georgia, along with others, objected and President Roosevelt ordered that the march be shortened and then the troops should return to their post. The editorial says that this deference is inappropriate, and the power of "the Southern oligarchy" is too great. Says that it is clear that people in Washington will never offer satisfactory security for the rights of minorities in the face of southern pressure, so African-Americans must look to the liberal men of their own section.Summary: An impending strike was avoided when the coal mine workers of the antharcite region of Pennsylvania ratified an agreement when the mine operators. The wage increase asked for was not delivered, but the union president prenounced a victory because there were no wage reductions or hours increases. He asked union members to stick by the union and expect greater things in the future.Summary: Relates the terms of the agreement reached between coal operators and mine workers. The agreement stipulated that the findings of the strike commission would be continued for three years. The operators were very satisfied with this agreement, since this was their first and only offer to the workers.Summary: Because of a strike-abating agreement reached between mine workers and operators, the price of coal almost uniformly dropped by 40 cents a ton.Summary: Two men drowned and one was just saved as their canoe was swept over a dam.Summary: Over 1300 saloons in Chicago went out of business as a result of a new $1000 saloon license. City revenues were also inflated by over three million dollars.Summary: Reports that the health of Navy Secretary Charles Bonaparte was so improved that he recently went for a short drive.Summary: A noted Detroit attorney, 76, died of heart disease as he was giving an address to the Michigan Society of Colonial Wars.Summary: A Virginia man searching for his wife found her on the streets of Long Branch, New Jersey, and after a brief exchange shot and killed her. He said that love caused him to do it.Summary: A man shot and killed the leader of the "Holy Rollers" a religious group, explaining that the man had "wronged" his two sisters.Summary: A black man was lynched after killing the horse of the constable while resisting arrest. The friends of the constable first tied the official to a tree to prevent his interference.Summary: Ten people were killed and thirty-six injured when two trains collided on a Pennsylvania track. The cause of the disaster was that a detaining order was misunderstood by the operator of one train.Summary: A father and son, owners of a small barroom were murdered in their place of business. It is hypothesized that the guilty parties are local tramps.
Page 01Summary: The Virginia Baptist State Convention concluded its convention in Norfolk. It met to discuss issues of spiritual, material, and intellectual advancement for African-Americans. There were many speakers from elsewhere, with remarks and donations coming from places like Baltimore and Washington, D.C. The convention reluctantly agreed to endorse the upcoming Jamestown Exposition, though it went on record as antagonistic to the Jim Crow nature of the event. The convention was split by two factions, but the heads of each were both re-elected to their positions, and the tensions were resolved with relative amicability.Summary: Reports on the seventh commencement excercise at Virginia Union University. Speeches were given on the "Third American Revolution," "The Influence of Art on Morals," "True Socialism," "Viligance, the Preserver of Liberty," and industrialism.Summary: Announces the thirty-fourth annual session for the State Grand Lodge in Danville, Va.Summary: An African-American man became the first salaried black organizer for a (undoubtedly mainstream) labor organization when he assumed that station for International Laborer's Union headquartered in Dayton, Ohio.Summary: Announces an opportunity to invest in a new site for community entertainment.Summary: Announces the ordination of a new pastor at Mt. Hermon Baptist Church in Penola, Va. and describes the ceremonies. Also lists the members of the church council.Summary: Commends the editor of the Planet for his work and says that the paper is an "invaluable luminary." Focuses on the Planet's recent words regarding lynching. Agrees that lynch mobs should be met with all force, and that will breed a healthy respect for the law that is so critical in the South. Says that southern blacks are taxed without representation and tried without juries of peers.Summary: Announces possible prizes of a free round-trip ticket to Baltimore and six days board free. The prizes are for those who sell the most ten cent tickets over 199 to an upcoming church lecture.
Page 04Richmond Planet - May 26, 1906 (Wednesday)Summary: Talks about a controversy between city health officials. To tests the efficacy of the City Bacteriologist, two doctors conspired to give him a false sample, which was reported as infected. The object of this deception was very displeased, but admitted that he did make the reported identification. The Planet is amused by the wrangling between white city officials, and thinks that the numerous political posts are unnecessary and complicated.Summary: Includes a letter from a Wilmington reader criticizing the Planet for intimating that Republicans are better people than Democrats, and northerners suprerior to southerners. It also says that the Planet has not published previous articles sent in becuase they did not resonate with the newspaper's own views. Finally, the letter charges the Planet with encouraging African-Americans to push cases to the Supreme Court. The editorial says that all of these charges are absurd. Most republicans are better on equal rights than most democrats, it says, but the Planet has always embraced sympathetic white southerners. It also says that it frequently publishes material with views different from its own, and cites a recent letter espousing socialism. Finally, the editorial says that it sees the Supreme Court as indifferent or antagonistic to black rights, and so the Planet has always encourage people to look for justice in state legislatures or courts.Summary: Says that Benjamin Tillman, the Democratic Senator from South Carolina, failed in his attempt to pass a railroad rate bill, and is an ineffective statesman. Also believes that this has become apparent to President Roosevelt, who once embraced Tillman and tried to work with him on the bill.Summary: Reports on the acquiesence, even embrace, of Senator Foraker of Ohio to Jim Crow orginization of interstate railway cars. Despairs that Senator Foraker, supposedly on of African-American's greatest friends in the Senate, seems to no longer stand for unequivocal equal treatment.Summary: President Roosevelt denied making any committments to proposed amendments to a pending railroad rate bill.Summary: Senator Benjamin Tillman of South Carolina (Dem.) denied asking President Rooosevelt to support his proposed version of a pending railroad rate bill. The Senator maintains that the President has no say in the design of the legislation, that it is a matter for the Senate, and accuses Roosevelt of acting in bad faith and damaging the bill.Summary: The volcanic activity of Mt. Vesuvius in Naples., Italy, increased and it began discharging enormous amounts of sand.Summary: A 78 year-old man killed himself because of depression stemming from illness.
Page 01Summary: The article consists of a poem declaring that the best way to honor fallen soldiers is to strive for peace.Summary: A local Richmond doctor defends himself from charges that he maliciously misled the city's bacteriologist to make a false diagnosis of diptheria.Summary: Announces a local wedding.Summary: Announces a performance of "David the Sheperd Boy" at a local church.Summary: A reader of the Planet sends payment for a subscription and tells how important the paper is to him.Summary: Announces several occurrences at a local church, including communion, special sermons given for groups, and a debate. A hope behind these events is that money will be raised to retire the church's debt.Summary: Says that a Reverend is building a large home which should cost at least 3,000 dollars when finished.Summary: Reports that a funeral director for Suffolk visited Richmond last week.Summary: Reports on the prosperous financial condition of the Pythian Calanthe Industrial Association. The Association is composed of two African-American groups, one of which is all female and the other all male. The groups are benevolent and social societies and John Mitchell Jr., the editor of the Planet, is the head of Virginia's order.Summary: Reports that John Mitchell Jr. paid the death claim of a member of the Order of Calanthe. The Order of Calanthe is a benevolent and social society for African-American women. John Mitchell, Jr, the editor of the Planet, is the Grand Worthy Counsellor of the Virginia order.Summary: Reports that the funeral director for Danville, Va visited last week..Summary: Reports that the District Deputy of Petersburg, Va. and a friend visited the Planet offices this week.Summary: News from the Richmond Hospital including reports of surgeries, emergencies, and teh graduation of a class of nurses.Summary: Reports on the activities of the Y.M.C.A. The organization is involved in alms and jail house work, boys meetings, and special lectures.
Page 04Richmond Planet - June 09, 1906 (Tuesday)Summary: A series of short morals and observations.Summary: Says that the passage of the Hepburn [Railroad] Rate Bill by Congress demonstrated that the current Republican leadership is superior to that of the Democrats, and laments that an "equally as good" provision was inserted into the bill, as it will hurt African-Americans.Summary: Reports on a revelation of corruption at the Williamsburg, Va. Eastern Hospital. Says that the board was stealing money intended for patients. Uses this is an example to show that political life did not improve, as had been predicted, when African-Americans were disfranchised. Also says that an error recently committed by the city Bacteriologist indicates ineptitude at uncomfortably high levels of local life.Summary: Reports on the purchase of six short railroads in Georgia and Florida by two Richmond organizations.Summary: An African-American in Altoona, Pa. shot and killed another out of jealously for a young woman's affections..Summary: A report on the practical effects of the recently passed Hepburn Rate Bill. The Bill, among other things, mandates "equally good" accomadations for those paying the same fare, and allows the interstate commerce commission to adjudicate disputes.Summary: The U.S. Vice Counsul in Batoum was shot and killed by an unknown assassin as he returned from dinner.Summary: A candidate for the Delaware Senate Seat dropped his fight and gave his support to a former rival.Summary: Reports that the first live okapi ever seen by whites was recently captured in the Congo.
Page 01Summary: The African-American community of Boston was incensed over poor treatment of a local Reverend by whites in Tennessee, as well as a black principal from Normal, Al. The Reverend was travelling in a car and exchanged a few words with a white lady. He was thereafter driven from his seat by whites and the African-American principal who had invited him to speak at commencement rescinded the invitation and would not even receive the Reverend.Summary: The White branch of the Georgian Knights of Pythias is investigating ways to force its black counterpart to discontinue use of the name. The Knights of Pythias is a fraternal and benevolent society. John Mitchell, Jr., the editor of the Planet, is the Grand Chancellor of Virginia's African-American Knights of Pythias.Summary: A local resident lost forty dollars he had sent and unethical boy to deposit in a bank.Summary: A local hotel owner was finally granted a liquor license after a well-respected member of the community spoke on his behalf.Summary: A local contracting teamseter recently had four hundred and five dollars stolen from his coat pocket.Summary: A new Richmond Lodge of the Knights of Pythias, a fraternal and benevolent society, was recently instituted. Presiding was John Mitchell, Jr., the editor of the Planet and the Grand Chancellor of the Virginian African-American Knights of Pythias.Summary: A local doctor is slow to recover from two broken ribs because he tries to keep up with the needs of his patients.Summary: Describes the wedding ceremony of a local man.Summary: Notes items of interest from the Richmond Hospital, including patient news, operations, and a staff listing.Summary: Reports on the closing excercises of the Night School of the Y.M.C.A.Summary: Announces a public exhibition of drawing and industrial manual training work done in the Richmond public schools.Summary: Six men fell 140 feet from a scaffold at Philadelphia's Gas Improvement Company, and three of them were perhaps fatally injured.Summary: The small town of Scottown, Ohio was destroyed after heavy rains.Summary: The Virginian African-American Knights of Pythias postponed an important planned meeting because of a conflict with their white counterparts. John Mitchell, Jr., the editor of the Planet, is also the Grand Chancellor of the and the Virginian African-American Knights of Pythias, a fraternal and benevolent society.Summary: Announces a special lecture at local church and a prize going to the person selling the greatest number of tickets.Summary: Notes the diligent work being done by the President of the Temperance, Industrial, and Collegiate Institute at Claremont, Va.Summary: A reader of the Planet from Cambridge, Mass. pays for a subscription and applauds the paper's editor, John Mitchell, Jr., for waging successful battles against two of his enemies.Summary: Gives news from a local church about sermons a fund-raising rally.Summary: An African-American newspaper of Baltimore expresses frustration with blacks who have ceased a boycott against segregated transportation. He says that, to earn respect and seize their rights, they must be "willing to stand...like men."Summary: A short list of local personal news, including illnesses and visits.Summary: A reader submits payment and expresses his intention to always have the Planet on hand in his home.Summary: Certifies that the signer received $150.00 in satisfaction of a death claim for a member of the Knights of Pythias, a fraternal and benevolent society. John Mitchell, Jr., the editor of the Planet, is the Grand Chancellor of the Virginian African-American Knights of Pythias.Summary: An announcement for the Annual Meeting of the Woman's Baptist State Educational Convention of Virginia. This convention will take place in Lynchburg and provide an opportunity for women across the state to discuss their current work and plans for the future.
Page 04Richmond Planet - June 2, 1906 (Tuesday)Summary: Consists of a series of brief observations.Summary: Says that a major problem with those fighting for equal rights for African-Americans is that they lack money and adequate support from the masses of blacks.Summary: An unsentimental farewell to the deceased Senator Arthur Pue Gornian of Maryland. Says that he was one of the greatest enemies of African-Americans and tried his best to completely disenfranchise the black people of his state.Summary: Includes a report from the Grand Jury assigned to investigate a particularly grisly lycnhing and burning in Springfield, MO. The report says that the men lynched could not have been responsible for the purported assault, and the occurence of an assault at all was doubted.Summary: Talks about the recent report sent to Congress about the meat packers of Chicago. Thinks the disgusting details about the lack of cleanliness in the plants will be very harmful to the meat industry, and that government officials are subject to corruption and will probably not be of much help.Summary: Reports that a provision of the recently passed Hepburn [railroad] Rate Bill, mandating equally good accomadations for equal fares, has been removed. Thinks that this is good because "equally good" is open to many constructions, few of which benefit African-Americans. Believes that a "like facility' clause would be better, because it requires identical accomadations.Summary: Discusses a speech given by President Roosevelt at Hampton College. The President praised institutions that educated African-Americans, and taught them virtues of thrift and integrity. He said that indutrial training was proper for the average African-American, as it was for the average white person, but university training was appropriate for the gifted. President Roosevelt ended by asking blacks to excise the criminal class from their race, because it hurts blacks as a whole and damages their standing in the eyes of other. The editorial agrees with and praises almost of these ideas, but thinks that the presence of individual black genius is more important than the President recognized, because such individuals inspire their race and show its potential.Summary: A report on the recent investigation of Chicago stockyards and packing-houses that was delivered to Congress. Its conclusions were that the stockyards were dirty and poorly managed, that the buildings were inadequately constructed, and that the workers contributed to the general state of uncleanliness. The report encouraged the President to call for better inspection and stricter standards.
Page 02Summary: Summarizes the speech given by Professor Kelly Miller at a New York City church. The Professor maintained that education by itself was not sufficent to solve the needs of African-Americans, but rather virtue and morality must be given at least as much attention.Summary: Reports that John Mitchell, Jr. presided over the creation of a new lodge of the Knights of Pythias in South Boston, Va. The Knights of Pythias is a fraternal and benevolent society over which John Mitchell, Jr., the editor of the Planet, is Virginia's Grand Chancellor.Summary: Announces an upcoming wedding.Summary: Announces a concert given by "white talent exclusively" at a local black church, for the benefit of a burial ground.Summary: Reports that a Georgia preacher lost his home and personal property in a fire.Summary: Says that the wife of the Atlantic City City Hall elevator operator is visiting for the summer in Danville, Va.Summary: A request by the organizers of a recent Emancipation Celebration to have representatives of participants come to a meeting.Summary: Reports that a local citizen is visiting Philadelphia.Summary: A woman was taken ill after consuming a meal of chicken sent by a friend.Summary: Reports on the memorial day excercises in Richmond. Participants in a march to the national cemetary came from the Grand Army Post, the Spanish American War Veterans, the Richmond Military Academy, and the Knights of Pythias. The Knights of Pythias is a fraternal and benevolent society the Virginia order of which has John Mitchell, Jr., the editor of the Planet, as the Grand Chancellor.Summary: Reports that a local citizen returned from a northern trip.Summary: Gives a list of honor roll students at a local school.Summary: Reports on the institution of a new lodge of the Knights of Pythias in Manassas, Va. The Knights of Pythias is a fraternal and benevolent society the Virginia order of which has John Mitchell, Jr., the editor of the Planet, as Grand Chancellor.Summary: The President of the conference for the annual Meeting of the Women's Baptist State Educational Convention of Virginia announces the date and place of the convention, expresses optimism for success, and asks for contributions to help meet the costs.Summary: An announcement of a special sermon for a women's group.Summary: Says that Professor Kelly Miller of Howard visited the home of the Planet's editor to converse about Virginian conditions. Professor Miller was on a six week tour of the South.Summary: Announces that three African-American lawyers from Tennessee were preparing to challenge the constitutionality of state Jim Crow laws. They were optimistic of victory.Summary: Gives the time and location for a performance of a comedy entitled, "The Pride of Virginia."Summary: Announces a special public lecture on the "Forks of the Road," at a local church.
Page 04The Reflector - August 19, 1933 (Wednesday)Summary: Says that the "equally as good" accomadations clause will be removed from recently passed railroad rate legislation.Summary: Commends the editor of the Martinsburg, W. Va. Pioneer Press for a successfully fought legal battle.Summary: Says that much of the enmity that had recently been directed toward Booker T. Washington is now being focused on the Jamestown Exposition.Summary: Says that generally street car conductors and policemen get along well, with the former even directing the latter on some occassions dealing with "Jim Crow" regulations. But on one recent occassion, a conductor was fined for interfering with an arrest and then fleeing.Summary: Comments on a lynching case now pending before the Supreme Court. The Tennessee sheriff assigned to guard an African-American prisoner not only failed to protect him from a mob, but apparently even assisted it. The lynching was incited by the prisoner's stay of execution granted by the Supreme Court. The editorial says that the Supreme Court must act to demand respect for its edicts or the republic will suffer greatly.Summary: A white man was lynched in North Carolina while awaiting a new trial from a hung jury. The editorial says that the lynching of whites and blacks are deplored equally, and justice must be sought in the courts.Summary: A white Louisianian was lynched while awaiting his third trial for murder. The mob came fully equipped by train and obtained the man while the sheriff was away.Summary: The government of Panama made a formal appeal to the United States for help in safeguarding the legitimacy of upcoming elections.Summary: A policeman was shot and critically wounded by a thief during the course of an arrest.Summary: Reports on the planned celebrations and events surrounding the visit of Congressman Nicholas Longworth and his wife in London.Summary: Reports on a bank robbery of some twelve hundred dollars in Wilminton, De.Summary: A coal operator charged the Pennyslvania railroad with nearly driving him out of business by discriminating against him in the use of cars. The alleged reason for the discrimination was that the operator did not make "gifts of stock" to the railroad company.Summary: The Pennsylvania railroad company ednied charges that it used unfair or unreasonable practices in the issuing of its ticket books.Summary: Tells people how to speak properly by breathing correctly.Summary: Describes a device for relatively easy and quick drying of the hair.Summary: Tells of the recent discovery of two ancient skeletons near Luton. The skeletons showed very good teeth and the article wonders why ancients could preserve their teeth so well while modern people cannot.
Page 1Summary: Challenge to black citizens and business owners to support The Reflector and other African American publications and civic causes.Summary: A call to action demanding that the Negro citizens of Charlottesville form a civic league immediately. The league "would do much to inculcate unity and power at the polls and in everyday life."Summary: A response to the Lafayette Theatre's use of the word "darkies" in an advertisement. The author enumerates the African American community's outrage and explores several different arguments addressing the racial epiteth.Summary: A scathing response to the murders of Daniel Pippen and Albert Harden by a mob of "savage farmers" who proceeded to lynch the sixteen year olds while police looked on.
Page 2Summary: A short listing of important world and national events including brief commentary on the significance of each.Summary: A short, light-hearted poem about the transient quality of youthful love.
Page 3The Reflector - August 26, 1933 (Wednesday)Summary: Various local announcments detailing what members of Charlottesville's black community were doing, from traveling to getting married, or starting social organizations.Summary: A short biography of Mrs. Paul Lawrence Dunbar. The article includes her upbringing and education but focuses on her controbutions to the African American community as a teacher in New York City.
Page 1Summary: The editor explains his commitment to being an "organ of expression" for Charlottesville's African American community.Summary: Encourages Charlottesville activist to center their attention locally rather than focus on popular causes in neighboring cities such as Scottsboro.Summary: Inspiring poem celebrating the simple pleasures of life.
Page 3The Reflector - September 02, 1933 (Wednesday)Summary: Various local announcements detailing activities of Charlottesville's black community,from political activism, to college graduation, and musical entertainment.Summary: Various notes and updates on the social happenings of the black community in Earlysville, Virginia.
Page 1Summary: A call to action that challenges Charlottesville's Negro citizens to take initiative, behave as leaders, and improve conditions in their own communities.Summary: A reflective article that attempts to address the question of what Negro peoples are to be called(i.e. Negroes, Colored, Black).Summary: Submits that nobility is not a question of birth but one of character.
Page 2Summary: A short listing of important world and national events, including brief commentary on the significance of each; subjects include the repeal of the 18th Amendment and the John Foster kidnapping.Summary: A poetic tribute to both the good and bad characteristics of youth.Summary: A bitter-sweet poem about the regret of leaving relationships behind.
Page 3The Reflector - September 16, 1933 (Wednesday)Summary: Various local announcements detailing activities of Charlottesville's black community, from receiving interesting guests to membership in art and literary clubs,and celebrating the most "palatable" dinner parties.Summary: A humorous series of incidents that reveal racy happenings without revealing the names of those involved.
Page 1Summary: An article about the New Deal's implications for African Americans.Summary: Asserts that the "one and only problem confronting the American Negro is to find effective methods of proving to the world that he is a different being than he was years ago," and that the Negro press has an important role in solving it.Summary: Assertion that the American justice system does not punish black on black crime severely enough.
Page 2Summary: A narrative about a Charlottesville insurance salesman's strange trip out of town.Summary: A reflective poem about the difficulty of life's progressive stages, from cradle to grave.
Page 3The Reflector - October 21, 1933 (Wednesday)Summary: Various local announcements detailing activities of Charlottesville's black community, from higher education to visiting out of town relatives, and local musical events.Summary: A humorous series of rumors, from clandestine affairs to cheating at cards, that detail the racy happenings in Charlottesville without revealing the names of those involved.
Page 1Summary: Asserts that the N.R.A. is not benefiting Negro workers because it has led to price increases as well as increased discrimination in the labor market.Summary: Asserts that the question "Why be patriotic," is usless because "no other single element so surely guarantees perpetual democracy as does patriotism."Summary: A comparison between the civic leagues of Charlottesville and allegorical Typitown, Virginia.
Page 2The Reflector - November 11, 1933 (Wednesday)Summary: A narrative of a Charlottesville boxer's disillusionment with the sport continued from the previous week's Reflector.Summary: A humorous series of incidents that detail all "the latest laughs" without revealing the names of those involved.
Page 1Summary: A warning that African American workers should be wary of setting their future on a "far fetched plan to unite black and white labor."Summary: Asserts that "The Educational Emergency" is particularly appropriate terminology for Negro schools. Unequal facilities,poor adult education, and lack of financial support make immediate attention essential.Summary: An article that uses allegorical Typitown to propose an ideal education system in which teachers and parents communicate in a way that familiarizes "the parent with school activity, the teacher with home cooperation and the child with parent-teacher understanding."
Page 2Summary: A brief biography of Mrs. Margaret L. Terry, a distinguished teacher at Jefferson School who devoted "fifty-five years of service to mankind."
Page 3Summary: The editor responds to a letter that asserts that whites have a higher standard of living than blacks by noting that "a man's standard of living is high or low as conditions or circumstances permit them to be."
Page 4The Reflector - November 18, 1933 (Wednesday)Summary: A humorous series of incidents detailing the latest gossip about the black community in Charlottesville.Summary: Current news of activities at Jefferson School, including the names of graduating seniors, those students who made the honor role, and updates on fundraising projects.
Page 1The Reflector - December 02, 1933 (Wednesday)Summary: An article that advocates a "Negro Relief in Charlottesville" to parallel the one in Richmond, which was funded by the United States Public Works Committee.Summary: Claims that the ruling by Judge Spratley of the Elizabeth City County Circuit Court that no party in a state-conducted primary could discriminate on the basis of race, color or previous condition of servitude "will lauded by ALL lovers of true democracy."Summary: An article that uses allegorical Typitown to propose an ideal environment in which youth would prosper.
Page 1The Reflector - December 09, 1933 (Wednesday)Summary: Asserts that the anti lynching conference in Baltimore, Maryland accomplished very little.Summary: An article that voices support for the N.R.A.'s move to encourage employers in service industries such as hotels to pay a living wage regardless of expected tips and "not place upon the public the burden of paying workers' salaries."Summary: An emotional appeal to the people of Charlottesville to help those less fortunate than themselves by getting in contact with their Community Welfare Organization.
Page 1The Reflector - December 16, 1933 (Wednesday)Summary: Asserts that the community has a hand in choosing not to foster crime.
Page 1Summary: Reminds readers that Christmas is a religious observation not just a marketable holiday.Summary: Calls for the people of Charlottesville to follow the advice of Dr. Forman, of the Julius Rosenwald Fund, and "think together and act together" in the creation of an American Civic League.
Page 2Summary: A quiz on influential African Americans and other information important to Charlottesville's black community.
Page 3Summary: Various local announcements detailing the activities of Charlottesville's black community, such as family travel plans, members in the community who have been ill, and choir rehersals.Summary: A charming story about an industrious young girl who saves Christmas for her family.
Page 4The Reflector - December 23, 1933 (Wednesday)Summary: An allegorical story about Mr.X, who doesn't help his fellow laborers due to fear of competition.
Page 1Summary: Commends the Negro attorneys and the impartial judge for their handling of the Crawford murder trial.
Page 01,02Summary: A solemn reflection on the nature and destination of the human soul.Summary: A quiz on lesser-known Biblical subject matter.Summary: Various local announcments detailing activities of Charlottesville's black community, from funeral announcements, to inventive Christmas celebrations, to holiday receptions.
Page 03Summary: Various local announcements detailing activities of Charlottesville's black community, such as visiting relatives in notable cities, going to top-ranked Negro colleges, and getting married.
Page 03,04The Reflector - January 06, 1934 (Wednesday)Summary: A short play about a young girl who learns the meaning of the Christmas Spirit through sharing.
Page 1Summary: A scathing review of Julia Peterkin's illustrated poetry book on Negroes in the deep south.Summary: A story about an allegorical Mr. Pompey who is struggling with the results of the Depression and the size of his shrinking pay envelope.
Page 02Summary: A poetic declaration of what "a man's ideal" should be in his day to day dealings.Summary: A brief letter of recognition and praise from a college student upon his return to Charlottesville.Summary: A quiz on general historical, social, and political knowledge.
Page 3The Reflector - January 13, 1934 (Wednesday)Summary: Various local announcements detailing activities of Charlottesville's black community, from accomplishments on the job, to notable travel plans, and inventive New Years celebrations.
Page 1Summary: An article about "the ancient trick" of accusing black men of the rape of white women without probable cause.Summary: A terse condemnation of Professor Franklin Frazier and a speech he delivered at Fisk University.
Page 02Summary: A quiz that test the knowlege of Charlottesvillians on political, social, and historical trivia.Summary: A somber poem about a lynching at dusk.
Page 4Richmond Planet - January 20, 1934 (Wednesday)Summary: A brief and tender love poem about the beauty and refreshing seclusion of nighttime.
Page 01,02Summary: Asserts that "when we consider the many problems confronting Negro education in America today, and note the little effort exercised by the Negro Race to solve them, this recent proposition to help Liberia becomes a little far fetched."Summary: A solemn article that laments the fact that "just fifteen years after the international Treaty of Peace, are asking again for WAR."Summary: Equally addresses the pro and con arguments for a federal anti-lynching law but emphasisizes that "Lynching in America must be stopped! Not for the benefit of any given race or groups, but for the good of America and the principles upon which the country was founded."Summary: A letter that praises President Roosevelt and the press for speaking out against lynching, even as it questions the reasons for the popularity of anti-lynching sentiments.
Page 03Summary: Various local announcements detailing the activities of Charlottesville's black community, such as hosting congratulatory dinners, reviewing men's fashion, and visiting interesting relatives abroad.
Page 04The Reflector - January 27, 1934 (Wednesday)Summary: Current news of activities at Jefferson School, including a listing of the "appreciation programs" scheduled for the month of January.
Page 01Summary: An allegorical story about a land where all the people are blind and thereby unable to conduct their affairs to their advantage.
Page 02Summary: Asserts the uplifting sentiment that "when you've strained your heart and body, and even then you've not made good, it is well to look within you and say, 'I've done the best I could.'"Summary: A quiz that tests the knowledge of Charlottesvillians on political, social, and historical trivia.
Page 03Summary: Various local announcements detailing the activities of Charlottesvillians, such as starting bridge clubs, planning musical events, and holding birthday parties.Summary: A brief poem about lost opportunity.
Page 04The Reflector - February 17, 1934 (Wednesday)Summary: Current news of activities at Jefferson School, including noted guest speakers, the dates of scheduled exams, and updates on appreciation month activities.
Page 1Summary: An article about the potential resurrection of the Washington Park Recreational Center. This proposed Negro recreational center was stuck in the City Council appropriations process for five years.Summary: Asserts that the high rate of black on black crime is due to the prejudicially lenient consequences of the judicial system.
Page 2Summary: A quiz on African and early African American history.
Page 3Summary: Various local announcements detailing the activities of Charlottesvillians, including the meeting time of the "Smarter Set," the health status of several Charlottesvillians, and notable travel plans.Summary: A glimpse into the activities of Charlotteville's black churches, including Mt. Zion, First Baptist, and Ebenezer Baptist Church.
Page 4The Reflector - February 24, 1934 (Tuesday)Summary: Current news of activities at Jefferson School specifically focusing on plans for a June graduation.
Page 1Summary: Asserts that what Negro leaders need is a handbook "with a preface pleading for unity of purpose" and encouraging them to put their "self styled prophecy" aside.
Page 2Summary: [No Summary Available]Summary: An update on the latest activities of Jefferson School, including entertainment and educational programs.
Page 3Summary: Various local announcements detailing the activities of Charlottesvillians, such as the meeting of "The Royal Dukes and Duchess Social and Dramatic Club," and other entertaining gatherings.Summary: A glimpse into the social and educational activities of Charlottesville's churches.
Page 4The Reflector - March 24, 1934 (Tuesday)Summary: A complimentary letter from a reader of "The Reflector."
Page 1Summary: A scathing article that implies that the Norhtern preoccupation with integration is misinformed. The author asserts that most things that are "mixed" are not especially beneficial for Afican American professionals because it means they must compete against unfairly advantaged competitors.
Page 2Summary: A detailed quiz on Negro history prior to emancipation.Summary: Various notes on the activities of Charlottesville's black population, including travel plans, wedding announcements, and entertainment events.
Page 3The Reflector - April 07, 1934 (Tuesday)Summary: Various local announcements detailing the activities of black Charlottesvillians, such as visiting relatives in notable cities, graduation announcements, and special church functions.
Page 01Summary: Encourages Charlottesville's black community to develop Washington Park. The author laments the fact that the tract of land is in much the same condition as it was upon its donation in 1928.Summary: Condems "Bishop Grace" and other confidence men who use religion to swindle "salvation seeking people" and states that such men "should be dealt with harshly by the law and ostracized by the people."
Page 02Summary: A poem about the beauty of Spring's arrival.Summary: A list of twelve important facts about Charlottesville black's home ownership, business ownership, and other cultural statistics.
Page 03Summary: A letter to the editor commending "The Reflector" for its format which focuses on political and social issues as opposed to sensationalized news.
Page 04The Reflector - April 14, 1934 (Tuesday)Summary: A short description of Charlottesville on a March evening, rendered in lyrical prose.
Page 01Summary: Defends the "modern age" as a time of black intellectual and cultural advancement lead by the younger generation.Summary: Criticizes the hypocracy of a certain out of town Negro publication for reporting "sesationalized scandal" while simultaneously preaching "progress and pride."
Page 02The Reflector - April 21, 1934 (Tuesday)Summary: Jefferson School's honor roll for the month of March, 1934.
Page 01Summary: The author asserts that Negro faith has decreased "not in God but in a weak insincere clergy" who have urged blacks to be content with the old saying "take the world but give me Jesus."Summary: An article urging the development of Washington Park and lamenting that the City Council of Charlottesville had ignored the area despite six years of ownership and several chances for development
Page 02Summary: An update on the latest activities of Jefferson School, focusing on a school wide project called "A Century of Progress."Summary: A commendation for The Delux Glee Club for presenting Negro Folk Music and "preserving all of [its] original sincerity of purpose."
Page 04Summary: An article commending Dr. J.A. Jackson for his interest in, and action for the Black youth of Charlottesville, and a call for other people in the community to support the youth in a similar way.Summary: An advertisement for the Jefferson Theater.
Page 05The Reflector - April 28, 1934 (Tuesday)Summary: A copy of the program given by the local Boy Scouts of America at Charlottesville's Ebenezer Baptist Church in April, 1934.
Page 01Summary: One of several didactic stories about the allegorical Typitown, encouraging Charlottesville blacks to vote.
Page 02Summary: A short poem, contributed by a seventh grader at Jefferson School, about a fictional joy ride.
Page 04The Reflector - May 19, 1934 (Tuesday)Summary: A detailed account of an informal dinner held on Grady Avenue to welcome Pride of Virginia Lodge's new members Randolph White, Marshall Hawkins, and William Clark.
Page 02Summary: An account and favorable review of Jefferson School's Senior class play, "No Account David."
Page 04Summary: A short listing of the Boy Scouts who participated in a Mother's Day program held at First Baptist Church on May 13, 1934.
Page 05The Reflector - May 26, 1934 (Tuesday)Summary: Various Local announcements detailing what members of Charlottesville's black community were doing, from attending birthday parties, to patronizing local bands or going to funerals.
Page 01Summary: An article condeming a University of Virginia Professor for barring a black political activist from speaking at U.Va.Summary: A word of praise concernihng the founding of Dillard University, a black institution of higher learning in New Orleans, that began educating students in 1935.Summary: An article that sharply criticizes Roosevelt's "New Deal."
Page 02Summary: A letter to the editor seleted as the winner of the "Most Appealing Ad" contest.
Page 04The Reflector - June 02, 1934 (Tuesday)Summary: An eloquent prayer for Black Americans authored by Rebecca J. Hailstalk.
Page 01Summary: A report on an orderly student strike held at Virginia State, characterizing it as a constructive lesson in responsible and active citizenship.Summary: An article reporting plans by members of the New Deal administration to improve black American education.Summary: An article that points out the selective memory of "historians and war photographers" who do not include information about black soldiers in their accounts of World War I.
Page 02Summary: A letter to the editor written by the winner of the weekly Most Appealing Ad contest, Ms. Janet Brown.Summary: An advertisment for a musical event featuring Mr. Frank Roane at Mt. Zion Baptist Church on June 4th, 1934.
Page 03Summary: A short conciet concerning the destination of the soul.
Page 05The Reflector - June 09, 1934 (Tuesday)Summary: A different take on the normally humerous gossip column as the author pauses to celebrate the beauty of Spring.
Page 01Summary: An article that points out the disturbing leniancy Southern courts show to Negro criminals who's crimes are perpetrated against other blacks.Summary: An advertisment for a benefit concert to help John Stratton, a Charlottesville resident who became suddenly ill and was confined to his bed, unable to work and support his family.
Page 02Summary: An update on recent activities at Jefferson School focusing on the "Class Night" award ceremony honoring accomplished students.
Page 04The Reflector - June 23, 1934 (Tuesday)Summary: A letter to the editor that details the authors perception that there was a rise in crimes commited without apparent motive and begs the question "whither are we headed."Summary: A poem about the ability to define one's own character and goals.Summary: Lyrical prose that celebrate the season which is the "culmination...of God's goodness to man."
Page 01Summary: An article that commends the "first step" of creating a permanent Negro library in Charlottesville, but notes that the second step should include the mobilization of Charlottesville's black citizens to demand that "a shelf of black literature" be included.Summary: The auhtor details the problem of adult illiteracy in Charlottesville and proposes that night school classes be offered for these "intellectually meager" persons in need of help.
Page 04Summary: A skillfully rendered slice of Charlottesvillian life that asks the question "where is the goal?"
Page 06The Reflector - June 30, 1934 (Tuesday)Summary: A letter to the editor asking him to rethink his characterization of Communism "as a type of political disease." The author goes on to submit that Communism is "a plan for the Negro's betterment socially, politically and economically."
Page 01Summary: An article that defines citizenship as "one owing allegiance to, and entitled to protection from a government." The author proposes that an important part of this allegiance is a responsibiltity to vote.Summary: An article highlighting the apathy of Congress in regards to the anti-lynching Costigan -Wagner Bill.
Page 04The Reflector - July 21, 1934 (Tuesday)Summary: Editor Thomas Sellers' scathing reply to an Open Forum letter printed in the June, 23 issue of "The Reflector."
Page 01Summary: An article which dubs the 73rd congress "The Congress of Errors" for its failure to address the issues of America's 17th ranked army, its failure to include Puerto Rico as a part of the United States, and its lack of consideration for the anti-lynching Costigan-Wagner Bill.Summary: An article in praise of the "Government Home Owners Loan Corporation" for making home ownership possible for "any thrifty and ambitious citizen."Summary: The third in a series of articles subtitled "A Brief History of Our People and Our Town for Your Scrapbook." This one focuses on the author's perception that Charlottesville blacks have no follow through on Civic issues.
Page 02Summary: A letter to the editor from a Charlottesville Laborer who wishes to boycott a grocery store for firing a black man who had worked there 15 years.
Page 04The Reflector - September 07, 1935 (Saturday)Summary: A short narrative about the begining days of the Depression focusing on the farmers of Zuni, Windsor, and Waverly, Virginia as well as the unemployed laborers of Norfolk, Virginia.
Page 01Reflecter - September 21, 1935 (Saturday)Summary: A contribution by John Edwards of Woodridge, Virginia.Summary: [No Summary Available]
Page 01Summary: A detailed account of Joe Louis' injunction against several Washington organizations for denying him his fee for apperance at certain events.Summary: A detailed account about a crew of Negro rail workers who continued their job at the Western Railway despite threats of bombing from white miners.Summary: A contribution by John Edwards of Woodridge, Virginia, asserting that "No man should teach the people anything that cannot be found in the bible."Summary: A short report on the projected rise in enrollment at Virginia Union University.
Page 02Summary: An article that compares the legalized segregation of Jews and Germans under Nazi rule to Jim Crowism in Southern America. The author gives Russia,which outlawed all segregation based on race, as a counter example.
Page 04Summary: Rare sports coverage by Russell J. Cowans concerning the Louis-Baer fight that took place in Yankee Stadium on Sept. 24, 1935.
Page 05Summary: A report concerning Alice C. Jackson's suit for admission against the University of Virginia.The case was refered to The Board of Visitors, the university's governing body, and condemed in local white publications as a "blow to amicable race relations."