Glossary

44AB18:
Standard archaeological designation for Monasukapanough site; Virginia is the 44th state alphabetically; AB is Albemarle County's designation; Monasukapanough is designated as site 18.

Accretional Burial Mound:
Type of burial mound found in the Virginia Piedmont; each was estimated to have contained several thousand bodies at one time.

Bear Mountain:
Area of Amherst County, Virginia, where the Monacans settled after 1800; site of their annual Homecoming and Pow-wow festivals.

Clarksville Point:
Type of projectile point dated to the early eighteenth century; found at sites in North Carolina Piedmont as well as Monasukapanough.

Eugenics:
Movement during the early twentieth century aimed at maintaining genetically pure races; advocated the prohibition of interracial marriages as well as the sterilization of the mentally handicapped.

Monacan:
General name for the Indians inhabiting the central Virginia Piedmont; spoke a Siouan language suspected to have originated in the Ohio River Valley; also referred to as Mannakin and Manskin in certain documents.

Mannahoac:
Name for the Indians inhabiting the Northern Virginia Piedmont; also Siouan speaking and closely related to the Monacan people.

Material Culture:
The tangible possessions of a culture; usually found archaeologically as artifacts.

Paspahegh:
Tribe affiliated with the Powhatan Confederacy who resided in the area around Jamestown Island in 1607.

Pomeiooc:
Village near the late sixteenth century Roanoke colony on the North Carolina outer banks; used as a model for the drawings of John White that are the only known depiction of Indian domiciles from present-day Virginia or North Carolina.

Postmold:
Feature in ground distinguishable by a different soil color; usually in the shape of a circle; decayed remnants of where a post once stood.

Potomac Creek Pottery:
Early eighteenth century pottery type found at Monasukapanough.

Powhatan:
Confederacy of Indians in the Virginia coastal plain; spoke Algonquian languages not related to the Siouan languages of the Monacans; according to Smith, the Monacans and Powhatans were inveterate enemies.

Projectile Point:
Sharpened piece of rock probably used as a spear point or arrowhead.

Rivanna River:
River that runs through the middle of Albemarle County and flows into the James River; the Monasukapanough site lies on its bank.

Saponi:
Indian group in the Southern Virginia Piedmont; essentially another name for the Monacans.

Secoton:
Village used by John White as a model for his drawings; located on the Outer Banks of North Carolina.

Tutelo:
Indian group in the Southern Virginia Piedmont; essentially another name for the Monacans.

Werowance:
Powhatan word for a petty chief; usually at the village level.