Time and Place:

Acquiring a sense of time and place to understand Cold Harbor is essential in understanding a battle site. These initial assignments help provide this. Some will require minor additional research.

Use the "Marching to Cold Harbor May 4-June1, 1864" map for 1 through 4.

  1. Draw a map showing the following Civil War sites in 1864-1865: Fredericksburg, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Courthouse, Cold Harbor, City Point, Richmond, Petersburg, and Appomattox.

  2. Include the following rivers on your map: Rappahannock, Mattapony, Pamunky, York, Chickahominy, Totopotomoy Creek, and the James.

  3. Indicate the route of the Army of the Potomac using an arrow.

  4. Brainstorm why Grant decided to cross the James River and go to Petersburg after failing to end Lee's control of Richmond during the battle of Cold Harbor.

Use the three maps of Cold Harbor in 1864 for 5 through 11.

Maps: June 1, June 2, June 3

  1. Which Union corps was not shown on the June 1 map near Old Cold Harbor: Smith's, Wright's, or Hancock's?

  2. What was the approximate mileage of Confederate works shown on the June 1 map?

  3. On the June 2 map, where were Smith, Wright, and Hancock located in relation to Totopotamoy Creek and the Chickahominy River? Describe by drawing a small map. Include Old and New Cold Harbor.

  4. On the June 3 map, compare the Union and Confederate works.

  5. Calculate how many miles Union Generals Meade and Grant and Confederate General R.E. Lee were located from their side's works on the June 3 map.

  6. Hypothesize why the military leaders were located where they were.

  7. Use the June 1, 2, and 3 maps to compare the condition of the Union and Confederate works.

Map Drafted by Union Engineer

Page One Page Two

Using the first page: Using the second page: Using both pages:

Report of Major General Winfield S. Hancock

Letters between Grant, Meade, and Halleck

Use Grant's June 5, 1864 letter to Halleck to answer:

Report of N. Michler, Major of Engineers, U.S. Army

June 5, 1864 Letter from Major General George Meade to his wife

Reports from Robert E. Lee to the Secretary of War