from Local Newspapers Published in the 19th Century
Located approximately two miles
north of Charlottesville’s city limits (see
maps), Proffit received varying degrees of attention from the local
newspapers. The clippings below come from three newspapers published
during the 19th century—Charlottesville Chronicle, Richmond Planet,
and Jeffersonian Republican—each of which served significantly different
audiences, focuses, and ideologies. Charlottesville Chronicle was
published intermittently from 1866 to 1904 and was (implicitly) geared mostly
towards the white population in Charlottesville and Albemarle County.
The items included here are taken from issues published
during 1883-1892, when the newspaper was published weekly, and from 1894-1895,
when the newspaper was published daily. Richmond Planet was
published weekly from 1883 to 1945 and catered specifically to the interests
and concerns of African Americans. The Planet was published in
Richmond but covered also outlying areas including Albemarle County.
Finally, Jeffersonian Republican—published weekly from 1835 to
1862, and semi-weekly from 1873 to 1894—was aimed mostly at the University
of Virginia student body, although occasional entries pertained to non-student
issues. The two items included below from The Jeffersonian
are land-sale advertisements and are of interest here because they correspond
roughly with the time the Coles and Brown families purchased their lots
Undoubtedly, both blacks and whites paid attention
to all three newspapers (though it is not unlikely that more African American
paid attention to The Chronicle than whites paid attention to The
Planet), and closer studies of the dynamics created by such ‘cross-readership’
will certainly provide useful insights on mass media and interracial relations
during this period.
The news items collected below are not exhaustive.
Rather, they provide a sample of the types of items that can be of use
to those conducting historical research about Proffit or similar towns.
The items are organized here into three categories:
(1) items that provide direct
reference to the people who lived in Proffit and the vicinity;
(2) items that appear to be
about Proffit’s residents (or relatives), but require further research
in this direction; and
(3) items that provide insight
into the daily lives and experiences of Proffit’s residents in the
late 19th Century, especially as it was experienced by the town’s African-American
Issues from all three of these publications
can be found at the University of Virginia library as well as in other
libraries. A useful resource for researching Virginia newspapers
online is provided by The Library of Virginia at http://eagle.vsla.edu/newspaper/.
If you wish to browse through the newspaper collection,
they are available at the Special Collections department at the University
of Virginia library, where they are filed under their own name. You
can also find most issues on microfilm under the following call numbers
(see bibliography for more details):
Charlottesville Chronicle: Micfilm N-US Va-5
Richmond Planet: Micfilm N-US Va-11
Jeffersonian Republican: Micfilm N-US Va-48
following items include news coverage that is directly related to Proffit
and its vicinity (10 items):
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1892 05/21 Richmond
Planet p4 c2
CHARLOTTESVILLE, Va., May 16, ‘92
Sixteen candidates were baptized the 15th inst. at the First Baptist
church by Doctor Hardy, also he preached a splendid sermon at 11
A. M. The church was crowded to the utmost.
A number of young people of this city visited Eastham, Va., 14th
inst., accompanied by our correspondent, to attend the commencement
exercises of Mr. R. B. Brown’s school, which was a complete success.
The school house was crowded. After the programme of the pupils
was carried out, Miss N. L. Brown sand a solo, “Flee as a Bird to
your Mountain,” after which we had a few remarks from Mr. Wheeler,
who teaches at Proffits, a few remarks from our correspondent, after
which tables were arranged and we enjoyed a delicious supper.
Quite many of the county school teachers have closed their schools,
namely: Miss Susie Alexander, Miss Wyatt and Miss Mary Bullock.
Drs. Hardy and Goodall returned from the convention in time to fill
their pulpits last Sunday.
1892 11/19 Richmond
Planet p1 c5
|Mr. Ned Thomas who lives near Proffits, on the V.
M. R. R., about 10 miles from this place, was killed last Tuesday
evening, the 8th inst. His throat was cut and he was covered
with corn shucks. The assassin is yet undiscovered.
1892 12/10 Richmond
Planet p3 c3
|Miss Rosa Walker, who was burned week before last
near Fry Springs died last week from the effects of the burns.
Her home is near Proffit, Va., on the M. M. R. R. She was
engaged to be married, Xmas. Her friends have our sympathy.
1893 02/25 Richmond
Planet p1 c7
|Reeves Carroll, a boy about sixteen years old, was
killed by the cars on the Virginia Midland Railroad, on the 11th
inst. near Profit Station. He was the sole support of his
mother who is sickly.
1894 05/16 Charlottesville
Chronicle p2 c1
PROFFIT, VA., May 15, 1894. —On Sunday, the 13th inst., at 5
a. m. Mrs. M. A. Hill died at the residence of her husband, Mr.
B. G. Hill. The funeral services were conducted by the Rev.,
J. M. Farrar the following day at 3:30 p. m., and the deceased
was laid to rest by the side of her infant buried in Laurel Hill
cemetery nine weeks ago.
She was a loving and devoted wife and mother and a faithful friend
and one who wore life’s crown of roses well, fainting not ‘neath
the pressure of its thorns.
1894 05/23 Charlottesville
Chronicle p2 c2 (a)
| PROFFIT, VA., May 22, ’94.—Bethel Sunday school will
hold its annual missionary meeting next Sunday at 11 a. m.
The services will consist of appropriate exercises, and an address
by Mr. Sam Woods. The usual church services may be expected
on the same day at 4 p. m.
Mr. Via died at the home of his son, Mr. James D. Via, last Thursday
at 4 p. m. The remains were taken to Charlottesville for interment
the following Saturday.
Mrs. Madison, wife of the late Winston Madison, died at the residence
of her grandson, Mr. Milstred, Monday morning, and was buried in
Laurel Hill cemetery this afternoon. The deceased was ninety-eight
1894 05/23 Charlottesville
Chronicle p2 c2 (b)
| STONY POINT, VA., May 21. —Your correspondent, this
morning, mistaking a carrier pigeon for a hawk shot and killed it.
Its body was dove colored with the wings and neck of a darker or
brownish shade. On its right leg was a small ring bearing
the number 12076 and the letter N or Z, depending upon the way you
held the ring to look at it.
After a long, dry spell, in which the oats and grass crop suffered
much, we have just had a fine rain. The fruit crop in this
vicinity, owing to the cold snaps in the early spring, will be a
total failure, with the exception of grapes and strawberries, and
the grape crop will be cut quite short.
Dr. C. W. Kent, of the University, was on a visit yesterday to Belle
View, the residence of his sister.
Miss Ellen H. Kent, of Louisa, is also there on a visit.
1894 12/14 Charlottesville
Chronicle p7 c1
| PROFFIT, VA., Dec. 6.—Mr. Wesley Marshall and Miss
Lula Garrison were married by the Rev. J. M. Farrar, at the residence
of the bride’s father, yesterday at 4 p. m. The four year old daughter
of George and Alice Brown, colored, was burned to death last night.
Both parents were away from home at the time of the accident, which
was caused by the child playing too near an open fire.
1895 03/14 Charlottesville
Chronicle p4 c2
| Death of Mrs. Margaret Austin. Correspondence Chronicle
Proffit, VA., March 14th.—Miss Lula Marsh and Mr. King Draper were
united in marriage by the Rev. J. M. Farrar, at the home of the
bride’s brother, Mr. James Marsh, yesterday evening. The community
was greatly shocked this morning by the news of the death of Mrs.
Margaret Austin, nee Barksdale, wife of Dr. H. O. Austin,
which occurred last night at twelve o’clock.
Her death was so sudden, that her children, Mrs. James Austin and
Mrs. Campbell Austin, did not reach her bedside in time to say,
goodbye. The interment will take place at Mt. Repose, Sunday
at 11 a. m. Much sympathy is expressed for the bereaved husband,
who is in very feeble health.
1895 11/04 Charlottesville
Chronicle p1 c3
| Miss Angie Smith died yesterday at the home of her
parents, Mr. and Mrs. T. J. Smith, at Proffits. Miss Smith
had been an invalid for some time with consumption, but had been
a patient suffer through all. At the time of her death she
was about twenty-three years of age, and had for several years been
one of the most earnest, consecrated, christian young ladies in
that section. Her sweet, gentle nature and her kind consideration
of everybody about her had won the universal esteem of her friends
and all who knew her. She was buried this afternoon at three o’clock,
near her him. Deceased was a niece of Mr. George D. Smith,
of this city, where she also had many friends.
The following items appear to be about the
residents of Proffit (or their relatives), although further research
is needed to confirm this (5 items):
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1883 08/03 Charlottesville Chronicle
| Mrs. Mary Terrell, wife of Mr. A. F. Terrell,
and mother of Mr. N. A. Terrell, died in this place on Sunday afternoon
last. The funeral services were held at the Disciples’ church,
of which denomination she was a consistent and esteemed member,
Monday morning at 10 o’clock.
1883 08/03 Charlottesville Chronicle
| HISTORY OF THE TERRELL FAMILY.—Maj. Geo.
W. Terrell, of New Orleans, formerly of this county, is now here
on his way to the Green brier White Sulphur Springs. He will
remain here for some days, seeking information about his relatives,
connexions and genealogy. According to the best historical
and traditional accounts, the family of Terrells in this country
to which he is related, is of Anglo-Norman origin, and was founded
in England by Sir Walter Terrell, a Norman knight, about A. D. 1000,
when William the Conqueror took possession of that country.
From this old Anglo-Norman stock descended three brothers, William,
James and John of English birth. [These] being [??] persecuted
on [??] their [??] ker religion [??] into [??] land. From
[??] immigrated to America both [??] 1668 and 1700. Another
[??] is that they were sent to America by King James II about A.
D. 1687 as explorers, &c., for the crown, and were Awarded by
the King, for efficient Service, large royal grants of land in Hanover,
Caroline and King George counties. Branches of these families
moved to Albemarle and the adjoining count[??] intermarried
with the Lynch, [Thomas?] Jefferson, Marshall, Herndon, Maury, [Levis?],
Minor, Chiles, Barksdale, [Dierott?] and other Virginia families
of distinction in various parts of the Union. Maj. Geo. W. Terrell
went to Alabama after the war, where he was associated in business
with Gen. Geo. D. Johnston, and from thence he went into business
in New Orleans, La., where, we are glad to hear, he has been very
successful. He is anxious to get all the information he can
of his family connexions with a view of assisting in writing a family
history, and would be thankful to any one who will kindly give him
reliable information. Write to him here for circulars giving
fuller particulars of the Terrell family.
1890 08/16 Richmond Planet p3 c3
| CHARLOTTESVILLE LETTER The Baptist
Sunday School association met at First Baptist Church July 20.
A large number of delegates from different Sunday Schools throughout
the country were present. And noble speeches were made on
subjects of vast importance, concerning Sunday Schools and Teachers.
Two elegant essays were rendered by Misses Flannagan and Alexander.
1892 10/01 Richmond Planet p1 c3
| Miss Laura Terrell who has been visiting her aunt,
left for Washington Saturday.
An even [??] Mr. and Mrs. Henry Martin’s [??] guests were Miss
Laura Terrill, Virginia Allen, Bettie Flanagan, and Miss Alice
Lucas and Messrs. Clarence Lewis, R. F. Brown and Wm. H. Parago.
1893 04/22 Richmond Planet p4 c1-2
| Mr. Dabney W. Minor, the father of Prof.
River C. Minor, died at Web Glenn on the 10th last. He was
82 years old, was buried in the Minor burying ground on 11th inst.
Rev. T. W. Woodfolk officiated. He had been a consistent member
of the Baptist Church 50 years and died trusting in Jesus.
The following items are not related directly
either to Proffit or to its residents. However, they provide insight
into the daily lives and experiences of Proffit’s
residents in the late 19th Century, especially as it was experienced
by its African-American residents (11 items):
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1878 06/26 Jeffersonian Republican
| Land for Sale ONE HUNDRED AND NINETY ACRES
of fair Land, 4 ½ miles from Charlottes-
ville, On the Stony Point Road;
ABOUT FIFTY ACRES IN FINE TIMBER;
Mudium Buildings; Young Orchard.
For Terms apply to H. M. MAGRUDER
at Ridgeway, or through the Post Office, at
1878 07/10 Jeffersonian Republican
| [Various advertisements for land for sale
around Albemarle County]
1883 02/09 Charlottesville Chronicle
| LIVERY AND FEED STABLES
A. D. PAYNE,
OLD STAGE YARD
C. & O. R W DEPOT
LIVERY, FEED AND SALE
MOST EXPENSIVE STABLES
ALL ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT
1883 02/09 Charlottesville Chronicle
| UNCLAIMED LETTERS remaining in the Charlottesville
Post-office for Month ending February 7th, 1883:
Anderson, John (2) Brown, A Bridgewater, Elvya Crutchfield, Geo.
A. Jackson, Florinda Johnson, Sallie
Wright, A. H.
Warren, Angelina Persons asking for above letters please say They
M. H. S. LONG, P. M.
1883 05/25 Charlottesville Chronicle
| THE BETHEL CADETS.—This Handsome corps,
spend a few hours between trains, in this place, on Saturday last.
They were welcomed at the Chesapeake and Ohio depot by a committee
of the Monticello Guard and Terrell’s Quartette, and, after a parade
through the streets, were entertained at dinner at the Central Hotel.
In the afternoon they visited the University, where a speech was
made to them by Prof. G. F. Holms. They were there put through
company and battalion drill on the lawn, and afterwards reviewed
by Col. Wertenbaker, presenting a handsome and soldierly appearance.
Maj. A. G. Smith is the principal of The school. He and Prof.
E. S. Blackwell and wife accompanied the corps, the officers of
which are as follows: Colonel, C. E. Lightfoot, commandant; Adjutant,
P. C. Lightfoot; Sergeant-Major, R. C. Ward. Company A—Captain,
Aleck Bonnot; Lieutenants, W. L. Guthrie and Field; Orderly Sergeant,
Harry Cockerille. CompanyB—Captain, P. A. L. Smith; Lieutenants,
L. M. Mathews and W. L. Minter; Orderly Sergeant, Wilbur Morrison.
1883 08/24 Charlottesville Chronicle
| Mahone and the Negroes.
We maintain as a truth that cannot be disputed
and which high-toned, patriotic men everywhere should recognize,
that the property, the intelligence, the virtue of the people
of Virginia are chiefly represented by the white Democrats, undeniably
also in a numerical majority. Greediness, prejudice, and
federal patronage have combined to make a black column a compact
body of zealous politicians who have marched to the polls without
straggling, and voted their entire strength in the past, whilst
many thousands of disgusted and disheartened citizens of the white
Democratic Party have sulkily refused to vote.
The time has come for a rising en mass
of good and true white Democrats of every name, Funder and Readjuster,
to rescue the State from the hands of a corrupt, and selfish little
clique, as contemptible in numbers as it is unscrupulous in its
designs. The time has come for all sensible and honest colored
Republicans to refuse to follow any longer in a procession headed
by a few white renegates whose only use for colored voters is
to count them at the polls. The time has come
for all intelligent people of every party in the Northern States
to open their eyes and understand the true situation in Virginia.
It is not a fight for Democratic or Republican principles,
but a fight for everything that government was instituted to secure.
It is a fight to determine whether the majority of the people
shall controll the commonwealth, or a small faction headed by
Mahone, and wholly indifferent to the interests of the people,
white or black.
Surely the colored men who have learned to
read ought to be able to see that the aims of this little faction
are supremely selfish. The difference between them and the
Democrats is simply a difference in candor and honesty.
The Democratic Party means whit it says—no social equality, but
a complete recognition of the legal rights of the colored man.
Mahone can profess no more, but he claims to be a particular friend
of the black man nevertheless. Let him show it.
Actions speak louder than words. If the colored Republican
has an equal right to office let him receive a fair share of the
appointments which Mahone is making all over the State.
When that is done, it will be time enough for the colored people
to be amused by the racket of his fife and drum. As matters
are now conducted, it looks like sheer stupidity in them to be
attending his meetings to do the clapping. They are badly
fooled when they are persuaded not to listen to any but one side.
The renegade whites laugh at them enough, we doubt not, when their
backs are turned.
All their calculations are based upon the gullibility
of the man and brother. Why, in reason’s name, do they not
establish social equality at once? Why do they not invite the
Negro to their parties and dinner tables? Why not introduce
them to their wives and daughters? All such questions will
remain unanswered until the offices are filled and they
have no more use for colored votes. Then they will be told
that the color line must continue forever.
1886 05/14 Charlottesville Chronicle
| FEED! FEED! FEED!
We are prepared to furnish on short notice
by the car-load or otherwise
HAY AND OATS,
ALL AT THE LOWEST RATES.
TIMOTHY HAY READY CUT UP FOR
USE, IN SACKS.
SPECIAL RATES MADE TO DEAL
ERS IN CAR-LOAD LOTS.
In store and ready for delivery,
50,000 POUNDS MILL FEED;
60,000 POUNDS TIMOTHY HAY
of choice quality.
Call and see us before buying,
FLANNAGAN, REIERSON & FRIZELL
1886 06/18 Charlottesville Chronicle
| FOR SALE OR RENT My residence on Park
street, just out of the Corporate limits of the town. LARGE AND
BRICK HOUSE, Gas and Water-figures; extensive grounds With large
oak grove. Orchard of choice fruit, flower garden and all
conveniences for a first-class establishment. Quantity of
land (not exceeding twenty-five acres) will be arranged to suit
purchaser. Terms liberal. Apply to C. H. Harman or to undersigned.
Will rent to a good tenant, if not promptly sold. mch 26-ts
1887 07/29 Charlottesville Chronicle
| —Miss Flannagan, of New York, formerly
of Charlottesville, Va., is visiting Miss Sue Neal.—Dispatch
1888 04/06 Charlottesville Chronicle
| DEATH OF A WORTHY COLORED MAN.—Randall
Jackson died at “Tufton” on the 30th ult., in the 76th year of his
age. Randall was a man of excellent character. He was
raised by the late Col. Thos. Macon, and had been on the Tufton
estate all his life. No inducement could be offered him to
leave it, and he, with his wife, stayed by the white people through
the Sheridan raid, the surrender, and cared not for the allurements
of freedom. Randall was the ox-driver on the farm, and it
is said of him that he drove more good teams and was longer on the
same plantation than any other man in Virginia. He was buried
on Sunday. His funeral being preached by Rev. Jesse Herndon.
1889 01/11 Charlottesville Chronicle
| —Dr. L. E. Flannagan has returned home
after an extended stay in New York city. He is looking well,
and his friends are pleased to see him.